No 4 (2015)

ARTICLES
MIXED MARRIAGES IN THE TATAR MUSLIM SOCIETY AT THE TURN OF 19TH-20TH CENTURIES
Gabdrafikova L.R.
Abstract
The aim of the article is to determine the historical features of the inter-ethnic marriages among the Tatars. The number of such marriages increased considerably during the Soviet era. The problem of mixed marriages during the imperial period has never been researched before in the historical prospective. Through the analysis of clerical correspondence, periodical press, Tatar journalism and literature of the 19th - 20th centuries, the author concludes that this social problem increased during that period of time. Mixed marriages with representatives of other religions spread among the Muslim Tatars in the period of the bourgeois reforms of the 19th century. They were caused by the processes of the transition from the traditional way of life to the modernized one, changes in the value system. In the early 20th century this question was considered as one of the social problems. It was actively discussed on the pages of the Tatar press and became a topic of works of literature. Mixed marriages were a result of the family crisis in the Muslim community.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):7-15
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NATIONAL CREDIT AND CHARITY IN COLUMNS OF "RUSSKIYE VEDOMOSTI" OF THE 1870S
Taymasova Y.V.
Abstract
The article analyzes the ideological program of the independent non-party newspaper "Russkiye Vedomosti". In the person of their editors N. Skvortsov, V. Sobolevsky and liberal professors the newspaper promoted the values of social responsibility in politics. In the matters of the development of credit and charity there clearly revealed the liberal-democratic character of the newspaper ideological platform. Like populist writers, the newspaper publishers were concerned about the difficult financial situation of the peasantry. The newspaper actively raised the issue of social and charitable assistance.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):16-23
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FRONT COMMANDS IN WINTER OF 1917 IN COMBATING CRISIS OF FOOD SUPPLY TO FIELD FORCES
Oskin M.V.
Abstract
This article considers the problem of food supply to the Eastern front in the winter of 1917 during World War I. In the conditions of the food supply crisis the military authorities managed to avoid the famine in the army. The Front Command and the Supreme Command took some measures to resolve this problem. Attracting extra workers for harvesting, clarity of the resources allocation, calculations of the government funds allocation- all these actions bolstered the army's efforts on the home front. A considerable role in this work was played by Emperor Nicholas II, who timely and positively reacted to the suggestions of the military commanders on the issue. Overall, the Russian military command coped with this problem in the conditions of the general crisis of supplies.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):24-33
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SLOGANS IN POLITICAL LANGUAGE OF EARLY SOVIET SOCIETY (FROM LETTERS TO «RABOCHAYA GAZETA» EDITORIAL OFFICE IN 1924-1925)
Kim V.I.
Abstract
This article deals with the penetration of political slogans into the masses of the Soviet people due to the governmental and press propaganda and agitation in the conditions of the NEP. This issue analysis helps to understand people's reaction to the new linguistic constants and changes that the government offered them. Thus, the author managed to trace the feedback mechanism in the dialogue between "authorities and society". The analysis enables to state that the government’s and press bodies’ propaganda and agitation in the Soviet Union in the middle of the 1920s had a very big influence on the biggest part of the Soviet society. The analysis of the slogans showing the extent of the penetration of the political language into the socio-political and even everyday life demonstrates that almost every question that a Soviet citizen faced was politicized one way or another. The author concludes that the mechanism is deeply opposite to the democratic institutionalization of the so-called European type of society. At the same time this mechanism was traditional for Soviet people despite the change of the ideological paradigm and political rhetoric in the specific historical conditions of the “new” Soviet society.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):34-44
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ACTIVITY OF THE CATHOLIC MISSION TO ASSIST DISPLACED PERSONS IN POST-WAR PERIOD
Kotova T.A.
Abstract
The article discusses the activities of the Catholic missions and organizations to provide assistance to displaced persons in the post-war period. There are considered the ways of help to the Russian refugees in the camps of DP, and during their migration to other countries; as well as the issue of the Catholic priests’ influence on the Russian displaced persons and their contribution to the development of Russian abroad. The article is based on the memoirs of the contemporaries of that time, the inhabitants of the camps for DP B. Shiryaev, R. Polchaninov as well as on abbot Rostislav (Kolupaev)’s research.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):45-54
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VIEWS OF CHINESE SCHOLARS ON FOREIGN POLICY OF CATHERINE II
Wang J.
Abstract
The article discusses the views of Chinese scholars on the foreign policy of Catherine II, determines the range of sources serving as the documentary basis of the research of the Russian-Chinese relations in the second half of the 18th century. Special attention is paid to the changes in the interpretation of the Russian history in the times of Catherine II that have occurred in the Chinese historiography at the present stage of its development.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):55-62
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ANALYSIS OF THE TACTICS OF FIGHTING BY A.V. SUVOROV IN PRUSSIA AND POLAND (1761-1771)
Lishin N.A.
Abstract
This article is dedicated to Suvorov actions on battlefields in the period of accumulation by him the first combat experience and emphasizes the basic elements of his behavior which as a result became unique norm of behavior on battlefields peculiar only to Suvorov.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):63-69
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HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE OF RUSSIA-KAZAKHSTAN GEO-ENERGY COMPLEX
Tzay V.I., Sagindikov R.E.
Abstract
The article analyzes the perspective directions of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan in the sphere of fuel and energy complex. The authors give particular examples of the joint implementation of the adopted documents aimed at strengthening the two countries’ cooperation in the exploration and production of oil and gas in the past decade. Particular attention is paid to the Russia-Kazakhstan cooperation in the spheres of nuclear power, oil and oil products. These areas are considered by the example of the largest enterprises of fuel and energy complexes of Russia and Kazakhstan. One of the main components of the fuel and energy complex is the Petroleum Industry.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):70-78
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RUSSIA-PAKISTAN ANTI-DRUG COOPERATION AT THE PRESENT STAGE
Khashkhanov A.I.
Abstract
The author analyzes the Russia-Pakistan cooperation in their fight against the drug threat. The drug spread in Russia is of menacing proportions nowadays and it poses a global threat ‏ not only to the health of the population but also to the national security of Russia. The Federal Drug Control Service of the Russian Federation (FSKN) intends to strengthen the international cooperation in the fight against the drug spread with the countries of the Central Asian region, including Pakistan. The article analyzes the main formats and directions of the interaction of the competent anti-drug structures of Russia and Pakistan. The article also emphasizes the role of such regional organizations in the fight against the drug spread, as the SCO, the CSTO, "Russia - NATO Council". The author highlights the importance of the Russia-Pakistan cooperation in the fight against the drug spread and the most perspective directions of this cooperation. The author concludes that the Russian-Pakistani interaction on this issue is in the interests of both countries and it also promotes strengthening of the regional and international security.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):79-85
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ESTABLISHMENT AND DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN REVIVAL STYLE IN RUSSIAN EMPIRE ARCHITECTURE IN 19TH CENTURY
Semichevskaya T.S.
Abstract
The article shows the process of the establishment and development of the so-called “Russian style” in the Russian Empire’s architecture in the 19th century, which in foreign historiography is also known as the Russian revival style. The article demonstrates the importance of choosing a perfect state policy in architecture to match with the growing mood of national honor after the glorious victory in the Patriotic War of 1812, the style that will show all the beauty and greatness of our country. The author examines the changes the style takes and the symbolic meanings that the Russian revival architecture holds within to become an object of commemoration of the national tradition, to depict the history in stone and to save it for ages. Nowadays the interest in the Russian revival style architecture is constantly increasing. It can be observed in the lately constructed churches in the “Russian-byzantine” style, in the scientific researches of this style in architecture and international conferences held in this sphere.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):86-95
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TOPICAL ISSUES OF SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES OF ADYGHE INTELLIGENTSIA IN LATE XIXTH - EARLY XXTH CENTURIES UNDER CONDITIONS OF NORTH CAUCASUS INCLUSION IN RUSSIAN EMPIRE
Emtyl Z.Y.
Abstract
The article gives the content and forms of the public and political activities of the national intelligentsia in the transformation of the public relations of the Adyghe. It is concluded that although the main content of the social activities of the national intelligentsia was the rise of the civil and political status of the Adyghe people within the system of the Russian state, it played a really positive role in the incorporation of the North Caucasus into the Russian social and political space.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):96-107
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RUSSIAN FOREIGN HISTORICAL ARCHIVE IN PRAGUE: HISTORY OF FORMATION AND ACTIVITIES
Rodionova N.A.
Abstract
The author researches the materials of the Prague Slavonic library to show the struggle of various political groups in exile for the leadership. The analysis of the documents leads to the conclusion that the socialist-revolutionary leadership of the Russian foreign historical archive in Prague was severely criticized by politicians of different lines, seeking to occupy the key positions in the archive to leave "their" history of еmigration to descendants. The examination of the personal records of employees reveals their attitude to the duties and to the archive as a whole. The majority of the staff saw their work in the archive as an honorable mission to preserve the "documented" memory of emigration as a part of the cultural heritage of Russia.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):108-119
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PROPAGANDA WITH NO RULES, OR INFORMATION CONFLICT IN COLD WAR
Kotelenets E.A.
Abstract
The author examines the ways and methods of the ideological struggle between the USSR and the West after the Second World War (1947-1991) including open and secret forms of ideological influence, new technical means, and information institutions. The article focuses on the propaganda actions supporting the Vietnam and Afghan wars, and the conflicts between the NATO and the Warsaw Treaty Organization. It also demonstrates the forms of the national image-making (how a positive or a negative image of a country was constructed), the using of sanctions and the undermining of the pacifist movement.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):120-129
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TENDENCIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN MUSICAL CULTURE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY
Kozmenko O.P., Vladimirsky I.
Abstract
The article describes the main tendencies in the development of musical life and culture in Russia at the end of the XIX-beginning of the XX centuries. This period symbolized the establishing of new cultural trends and influences in musical culture that have not suited classical academic canons. New forms of musical activity found their practical realization in creation of people's instrument orchestras and choirs and changing of students' composition at the higher institutions of musical education and politization of musical culture.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):130-136
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ROLE OF COMMON VESTRY OF ST. NICHOLAS CHURCH IN MAROSEIKA STREET IN SPIRITUAL LIFE OF MOSCOW IN XXTH CENTURY
Grushina A.F.
Abstract
The article concentrates on the history of the formation and development of the Common Vestry of Moscow Church of St. Nicholas in Klenniki. There are revealed the outstanding characteristics of the living, its spiritual origins and bonds. In the centre of the research is the ministration of two hegumens of the church, namely: archpriest Alexius Mechov and his son priest Sergius Mechov. The father started the penancing-liturgical family and the son continued the father's work, retained and enriched his pastoral heritage. The Common Vestry of the Church of St. Nicholas in Klenniki, which had been guided by father Sergius, turned out to be one of the most wonderful phenomena of the Russian Church history of the previous century. In the years of the persecutions against the Church it survived. The peculiarity of this living was that it was disintegrated after the shutdown of the church and the taking away of the pastors. This peculiarity is unique not only for Moscow, but also for all Russian Orthodox Church.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):137-145
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“AND THE TSAR BEGAN SOBBING BITTERLY...” (ON THE ISSUE OF IVAN THE TERRIBLE KILLING HIS SON 6 NOVEMBER 1581)
Kozmenko V.M., Yakemenko B.G.
Abstract
The article discusses the issue about the death of Prince Ivan, son of Ivan the terrible, examines the sources and historiography of the problem. The analysis allowed to establish that often coming today appeals to review this story for "the betterment" of the image of Ivan the terrible have no historical basis. The main conclusion of the article Tsarevich Ivan tragically died at the hands of his father, which was a deep shock to Ivan the terrible and accelerated his death.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):146-154
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FALSIFICATION OF HISTORICAL TRUTH IN THE YEAR OF 70TH ANNIVERSARY OF GREAT VICTORY
Borisov V.A., Sinyutin S.S.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):155-163
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ALEXANDER M. MARTIN. ENLIGHTENED METROPOLIS: CONSTRUCTING IMPERIAL MOSCOW, 1762-1855. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. 344 pp.)
Vladimirsky I.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):164-167
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OUR AUTHORS
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(4):168-171
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