Sex and Age Differences in the Personal Orientation of User Activity in the Russian Social Network “VKontakte”

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Abstract


The role of factors of individual differences in user activity in the Russian social network “VKontakte” is analyzed. At the moment, in Russian psychology, there are several directions for the study of user activity in social networks. However, none of them has considered user sex and age differences. There are also limitations due to the predominance of subjective indicators in assessing user activity. The aim of this work is to study sex and age differences through the analysis of objective data on the profiles of social network users. The paper also provides an overview of modern Russian studies on sex and age differences in user activity. Using a comparative analysis of groups and analysis of the structure of relationships between indicators of user activity, the 9699 profiles of users of the social network “VKontakte” at the ages from 18 to 55 were examined. As a result, multiple individual differences were found in relation to the sex and age of the users. Additionally, the structure of user activity was obtained, consisting of two components: “Self-presentation” and “Utilitarianism”. These components characterize the personal orientation in the use of the social network. Sex and age play a significant role as factors of individual differences. The most important thing has turned out to be that men are more focused on expanding the circle of acquaintances, which is an attribute of status. Women, on the contrary, are generally characterized by greater activity in the social network, a greater desire to present themselves and a greater focus on other people. Young people - aged 18-25 years - are less active users, they often use the social network as a source of video content. Users belonging to the older age groups differ slightly from one another.


About the authors

Dmitrii S. Kornienko

The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

Author for correspondence.
Email: dscorney@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6597-264X
82 Vernadsky Prospekt, Moscow, 119571, Russian Federation

Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor, is Professor of the Department of General Psychology, Institute of Social Sciences

Fedor V. Derish

Perm State University

Email: fedor.derish@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8929-9093
15 Bukireva St, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation

senior lecturer of the Department of General and Clinical Psychology

Elena Yu. Nikitina

Perm State University

Email: neyu@psu.ru
15 Bukireva St, Perm, 614990, Russian Federation

PhD in Physical and Mathematical Sciences, is Associate Professor of the Department of Information Security and Communication Systems

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Copyright (c) 2021 Kornienko D.S., Derish F.V., Nikitina E.Y.

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