Axiological Background of Vietnamese Students Adaptability

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Abstract


This article analyzes the ratio of axiological orientation of Vietnamese students and their adaptability. The article demonstrates that the ratio of certain values, attitudes and needs forms a specific type of axiological orientation. The article finds out that the different types of orientation are interrelated with the selective personality adaptive indicators of Vietnamese students and can be regarded as predictors of the adaptation process. The article identifies the current trends of adaptability studies within the context of the system paradigm. The article points out the main determinants of the personal adaptability manifestations. The methodological basis of the research was the dispositional concept of personality and individual traits investigation by A.I. Krupnov, as well as the provisions of the theory of personal potential by D.A. Leontiev, developed within the framework of positive psychology. The aim of the study presented in this article is to identify the relationship between the indicators of axiological orientation and adaptability variables in Vietnamese students. At the first stage of the study, different types of students’ axiological orientation based on the results of cluster analysis have been identified and described: vocational-career, egocentric, socio-communicative orientation types. Statistically significant differences between the selected types were recorded for most of the components. The meaningful characteristics of these types at the behavioral level differ in their attitude to training activities, relationship with other people and personal self-conception. At the next stage the features of adaptability among the representatives with different types of axiological orientation were revealed. The correlation analysis was used to identify the correlation between the axiological variables and adaptability. It turned out that all the three groups are pressed by uncertainty, nostalgia and asthenic feelings. At the same time the representatives of the vocational and career axiological orientation type were more successful in adaptability, as compared to other groups. The students with egocentric orientation turned out less successful in adaptability. They are distinguished by the highest severity of negative background mood, uncertainty, difficulties in communication. As a conclusion, we defined the role of axiological orientation as the primary predictor of personal adaptability in multicultural environment.


About the authors

Sergei I Kudinov

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: kudinov_si@rudn.university
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198

Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of Social and Differential Psychology Department

Stanislav S Kudinov

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: kudinov_ss@rudn.university
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198

PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Social and Differential Psychology Department

Que Chi Ho Vo

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: chiho20ussh@gmail.com
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198

PhD Student of Social and Differential Psychology Department

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