Operationalization of the Russian Version of Highly Sensitive Person Scale

Cover Page

Abstract


The aim of the present study was to operationalize a Russian version of the Highly Sensitive Person Scale (HSPS). The empirical data were collected in two ways: active, through oral advertising and inviting those who wish to take part in the study (snowball technique) and passive (placement of ads about taking part in a research in social networks VKontakte and Facebook). As a result, 350 university students (117 men, 233 women, an average age of 18,2 (± 1,7) applied to a research laboratory and filled out the HSPS questionnaire, and another 510 respondents (380 women, 130 men, average age 22,6 ( ± 7,9) filled the HSPS online. The results of the study did not confirm the one-dimensional model of the construct, proposed by Aron & Aron (1997), as well as the most commonly used in the English-language studies three-factor solution. The hierarchical claster and confirmatory analyses used in the operationalization procedure allowed us to conclude that the variance of the Russian version of HSPS is best described in the framework of a two-factor model including the two separate subscales: Ease of Excitation (EOE), Low threshold of sensitivity (LTS). Sensory Processing Sensitivity may be defined as an increased susceptibility to external and internal stimuli, realized through negative emotional responses and deep susceptibility (distress) to excessive stimulation.


About the authors

Regina V Ershova

State University of Humanities and Social Studies

Author for correspondence.
Email: erchovareg@mail.ru
Zelenaya str., 30, Kolomna, Russia, 140410

Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of Department of Psychology

Ekaterina V Yarmotz

State University of Humanities and Social Studies

Email: catherina_ya@mail.ru
Zelenaya str., 30, Kolomna, Russia, 140410

postgraduate of Department of Psychology

Tatiana M Koryagina

State University of Humanities and Social Studies

Email: tm.semina@yandex.ru
Zelenaya str., 30, Kolomna, Russia, 140410

postgraduate of Department of Psychology

Dmitriy A Shlyakhta

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: shlyakhta_da@rudn.university
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198

PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Social and Differential Psychology Department

Eugen Tarnow

Avalon Business Systems, Inc

Email: ETarnow@avabiz.com
18-11 Radburn Road, Fair Lawn, NJ 07410, USA

PhD, Data Scientist & Director of Consulting, Avalon Business Systems, Inc (New York, USA)

References

  1. Alyoshina, J., Gozman, L., Zagika, М., & Kroz, М. (1984). Self-actualization Inventory (the adaptation of POI by Everett Shostrom). Мoscow: MSU Publ.
  2. Aron, E.N. (2013). The highly sensitive person. Kensington Publishing Corp. doi: 10.1037/t00299-000.
  3. Aron, E.N., & Aron, A. (1997). Sensory-processing sensitivity and its relation to introversion and emotionality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 345—368. doi: 10.1037//00223514.73.2.345.
  4. Aron, E., Aron A., & Jagiellowicz, J. (2012). Sensory processing sensitivity: A review in the light of the evolution of biological responsivity. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 16, 262—282. doi: 10.1177/1088868311434213.
  5. Banyukhova, A.E., & Shemelina, O.S. (2010). Personality aspects of creativity. Yaroslavl Pedagogical Bulletin, 2(4), 205—211.
  6. Batarshev, А. (2016). Diagnosis of temperament and character. St. Petersburg: Publishing house “Piter”.
  7. Benham, G. (2006). The highly sensitive person: stress and physical symptom reports. Personality and Individual Differences, 40, 1433—1440. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2005.11.021.
  8. Blach, C., & Egger, J.W. (2014). Highly sensitive persons — an empirical investigation to a complex phenomenon. Psychological Medicine, 25, 4—16.
  9. Booth, C., Standage, H., & Fox, E. (2015). Sensory-processing sensitivity moderates the association between childhood experiences and adult life satisfaction. Personality and individual differences, 87, 24—29.
  10. Boterberg, S., Warreyn, P. (2016). Making sense of it all: The impact of sensory processing sensitivity on daily functioning of children. Personality and Individual Differences, 92, 80—86. doi: 10.1016/j. paid.2015.12.022.
  11. Cheek, J.M., Bourgeois, M.L., Theran, S.A., Grimes, J.O., & Norem, J.K. (2009, February). Interpreting the factors of the Highly Sensitive Person scale. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Tampa, FL.
  12. Chernavsky, A.F. (2007). Psychophysiological preconditions for the manifestation of fear. News of the Herzen’s Russian State Pedagogical University, 19(45), 11—19.
  13. Evans, D.E., & Rothbart, M.K. (2008). Temperamental sensitivity: Two constructs or one? Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 108—118. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2007.07.016.
  14. Evers, A., Rasche, J., & Schabracq, M.J. (2008). High sensory-processing sensitivity at work. International Journal of Stress Management, 15, 189—198. doi: 10.1037/1072-5245.15.2.189.
  15. Gray, J.A. (1991). The neuropsychology of temperament. In J. Strelau & A. Angleitner (Eds.), Explorations in temperament: International perspectives on theory and measurement (pp. 105—128). New York: Plenum Press. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4899-0643-4.
  16. Hofmann, S.G., & Bitran, S. (2007). Sensory-processing sensitivity in social anxiety disorder: relationship to harm avoidance and diagnostic subtypes. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 21, 944—954. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2006.12.003.
  17. Konrad, S., & Herzberg, P.Y. (2017). Psychometric Properties and Validation of a German High Sensitive Person Scale (HSPS-G). European Journal of Psychological Assessment. doi: 10.1027/1015-5759/ a000411.
  18. Liss, M., Mailloux, J., & Erchull, M.J. (2008). The relationship between sensory processing sensitivity, alexithymia, autism, depression, and anxiety. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 255—259. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.04.009.
  19. Listou Grimen, H., & Diseth, Å. (2016). Sensory Processing Sensitivity: Factors of the Highly Sensitive Person Scale and Their relationships to Personality and Subjective Health Complaints. Perceptual and motor skills, 123(3), 637—653. doi: 10.1177/0031512516666114.
  20. Melnikov, V., & Yampolsky, L. (1985). The introduction to the experimental psychology of a person. Moscow: Prosvestchenie.
  21. Meyer, B., Ajchenbrenner, M., & Bowles, D.P. (2005). Sensory sensitivity, attachment experiences, and rejection responses among adults with borderline and avoidant features. Journal of Personality Disorders, 19, 641—658. doi: 10.1521/pedi.2005.19.6.641.
  22. Neal, J.A., Edelmann, R.J., & Glachan, M. (2002). Behavioral inhibition and symptoms of anxiety and depression: is there a specific relationship with social phobia? British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 41, 361—374. doi: 10.1348/014466502760387489.
  23. Nikishina, V.B., & Glushkova, V.P. (2009). Internal determinants of the process of adolescents with ADHD socialization. Izvestiya of Volgograd State Pedagogical University, (9), 124—126.
  24. Pickering, A.D., & Gray, J.A. (1999). The neuroscience of personality. Handbook of personality: Theory and research, 2, 277—299.
  25. Revelle, W. (1979). Hierarchical cluster analysis and the internal structure of tests. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 14(1), 57—74.
  26. Smirnova, E.O., & Koshkarova, T.A. (2005). Analysis of maternal difficulties in relations with the child (based on the material of primary school age). Psychological science and education, (3), 5—15.
  27. Smolewska, K.A., McCabe, S.B., & Woody, E.Z. (2006). A psychometric evaluation of the Highly Sensitive Person Scale: The components of sensory-processing sensitivity and their relation to the BIS/BAS and “Big Five”. Personality and Individual Differences, 40, 1269—1279. doi: 10.1016/j. paid.2005.09.022.
  28. Sobchik, L. (1999). Differential methods of psychological diagnosis of neurotic disorders. Individualtypological questionnaire (ITQ) (Manual for Physicians). Мoscow: GNC SSP Publ.
  29. Teplov, B.M. (2003). Psychology and psychophysiology of individual differences. Moscow: Institute of Psychology and Sociology Publ.
  30. Thielsch, M.T. (2008). Aesthetics of websites. Perception of aesthetics and their relation to content, usability and personality traits. Münster: MV Wissenschaft.// http://www.idsymposium.de/ index2691.pdf?eID=tx_nawsecuredl&u=0&g=0&t=1439047247&hash=163fe3efc5ccee2724cb a9f95a3e3cdb6bb5985d&file=fileadmin/secdl/2008/03_thielsch_presentation.pdf

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 969

PDF (Russian) - 356

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2017 Ershova R.V., Yarmotz E.V., Koryagina T.M., Shlyakhta D.A., Tarnow E.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies