CHARACTERISTICS AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES AND MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSES USING IN RUSSIAN UNIVERSITIES

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Abstract


Introduction. The actual problem of revealing the directions and the degree of influence of modern means of informatization of education on the development of Russian universities is considered in the article. The purpose of the study described was to determine the parameters of the activity of universities, which are changing under the influence of the use of open educational resources and massive open online courses. Methodology. Determination of the peculiarities and consequences of the use of these means of informatization was carried out on the basis of the formation of experimental (8 universities) and control (16 universities) groups of universities with subsequent comparative analysis of indicators of their activities contained in the annual monitoring of the universities effectiveness in 2013-2017. Results. As a result of the research it was revealed that the use of open educational resources and massive open online courses in universities can influence the efficiency of universities by increasing the number of foreign students, significantly increasing the university’s income from educational activities obtained from foreign sources, reducing the need for own computer technology, gradual reduction in the number of copies of literature stored in printed form, reducing the need for training and laboratory facilities At the same time, the use of informatization of education means does not significantly affect the systematic decrease in the number of students per teacher and the trend towards a decrease in the number of students studying in absentia. This indicates the predominant use of blended learning technologies by Russian universities. Conclusions. It is shown that the use of open educational resources and massive open online courses can have a significant impact on the development of universities and should be taken into account when developing models for improving the Russian higher education system.


About the authors

Vadim Valeryevich Grinshkun

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: vadim@grinshkun.ru
6, Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

doctor of pedagogical sciences, full professor, professor of the department of information technologies in continuous education of the Russian university of friendship of peoples

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