No 2 (2016)

Cover Page

Full Issue

PDF(Russian)
Articles
EMBRYOPHYTE SPECIES DIVERSITY FORMING THE FOULING ON THE BUILDINGS OF THE EXHIBITION OF ACHIEVEMENTS OF NATIONAL ECONOMY
Polynov K.E., Polynova G.V.
Abstract
Higher plants’ species composition of the fouling on the restaurant “Golden Spike” building includes 5 species of trees and 19 species of herbaceous plants. The roof fouling consists of woody shoots only and was found on the south-eastern and north-eastern sides of the roof. The foundation species diversity is richer and consists of herbaceous plants mainly. The analysis of the whole data shows the most active participants of fouling in the Moscow region. They are: Bétula verrucósa Ehrn., Bétula pubéscens Ehrn. and Urtíca dióica L.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):7-11
views
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC INDICATORS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF IVORY COAST
Kamagate S.A., Makarova M.G.
Abstract
Ivory Coast, the Gulf of Guinea country, faces numerous social and economic problems on the road to its development. These problems make the country one of the poorest countries in the world, and lead to an increase in load on the environment. National Sustainable Development Strategy of the country consists of seven sections, focusing on institutional indicators. Commission on Sustainable Development recommends using economic, social and environmental indicators. Therefore, in this article, on the basis of ecological and economic analysis of the country, we offer a system of indicators covering all groups of indicators.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):12-19
views
ECOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECT OF HEAVY METALS ON GROWTH PROCESSES AND BIOMASS OF SALAD «BIONTLOLO»
Kravchenko A.L., Sotnikov B.A., Chaban A.A., Stekolnikov Y.A.
Abstract
Compounds of lead and cadmium, possessing high toxicity, a cumulative inhibit production process, reduce a salad biomass gain. Research showed that oppression of root system was shown in reduction of number of small backs, and on the main roots there were necrosis damages. Biomass of green part of salad of a grade of “Lolo Biond” decreased almost by 3 times with increase in the maximum allowable concentration of Pb with 0,5 to 10, and root system by 5 times. Influence of cadmium was even more significant. So biomass of land part of salad of a grade of “Lolo Biond” at presence of cadmium decreased by 7 times, and root system by 10 times in the same the maximum allowable concentration.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):20-27
views
TECHNOSPHERE FIRES IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AS A SOURCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL RISK: GEOGRAPHIC ASPECT
Vashchalova T.V.
Abstract
Technosphere fires are considered as one of the sources of adverse impacts on the environment and human health. Based on representative statistical material, the comprehensive characteristics of their spatio-temporal dynamics in the RF subjects are given. The basic principles of general quantitative assessment methodology and their contribution to the total environmental load can be created using the quantitative information described in the article about the key essential environmental characteristics of fires.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):28-37
views
A NEW METHODOLOGY FOR THE EXAMINATION OF SAFETY AND QUALITY OF PHARMACEUTICALS AND DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS
Prokop’ev A.S., Ivlev V.A., Kalabin G.A.
Abstract
The aim of the article is a new methodology based on a combination of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and spectroscopy in the near infrared region for the analysis of quality of medicines and dietary supplements and identifying of their counterfeits.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):38-47
views
TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS DISTRIBUTION IN THE UPPER LAYER OF THE MSW LANDFILL SITES IN THE CHECHEN REPUBLIC AND MOSCOW REGION
Mamajanov R.K., Latushkina E.N.
Abstract
The article considers the characteristics of temperature distribution in the surface layer of landfills in the Chechen Republic and Moscow region; the important role of surface temperature in the landfill in biochemical processes of decomposition of organic components; the dependence of the surface layer temperature of the landfill on physical parameters of the landfill, such as: layer thickness of open waste sites and thickness of landfills. Moreover the 3D model of landfills SUE “St. Andrew’s Valley” MUE “Recycle materials” and “Hmetevo” was developed. Potentially dangerous areas in terms of spontaneous combustion were determined, and a series of measures to eliminate them was described.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):48-57
views
MODERN PROTECTION METHODS OF THE DELTA R. HONG HA SEA COASTS FROM WAVE EROSION
Krylenko M.V., Aleynikova A.M., Kosyan R.D., Viet Lien N.T., Hung N.M.
Abstract
In present time the intensification of erosion processes is global feature of coastal zone and the most rapid and significant changes are characteristic for accumulative coasts. The features of the sea coast dynamics of the Hong Ha River delta (Vietnam) during last 100 years are analyzed in presented paper. The Hong Ha River delta coast modern dynamics is characterized by combination of accumulation processes near delta mouths and wave erosion between its. The main factors determining the modern dynamics of the delta sea coast are the wave activity with the surge-tidal fluctuations and solid runoff reduction. Current coastal construction cannot protect populated areas from flooding. Reorientation to the integrated coast construction which includes the beaches is realized. Control of Hong Ha river delta coastal erosion is difficult and long-range objective in the framework of the integrated coastal management.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):58-66
views
METHOD OF TECHNICAL IMPLEMENTATION OF SAMPLING OF THE MEDIUM OF LIGHT OIL ON THE FIRE PLACE
Kazakova N.R., Chernykh A.K.
Abstract
We propose a method allowing to assess the validity of decisions by determining how many sampling environment at the fire scene for identification of light oil products, which became the initiator of combustion. In cases of application of this method in forensic-ecological expertise provides the ability to increase the level of environmental safety. The mathematical apparatus, which forms the basis of this method, has been developed using elements of fuzzy set theory. Three new technical solution is sampling, providing the ability to perform multiple sampling samples of the medium light oil has been eveloped.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):67-76
views
ASSESSMENT OF POLLUTION OF COASTAL REGIONS IN COTE D’IVOIRE USING POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONSIN CONNECTION WITH THE MASS DEATH OF FISH
Yapo S.A.
Abstract
The article deals with the problem of pollution of the coastal zone of the Gulf of Guinea, especially of the coast of Côte d’Ivoire. For residents of the coastal zone of Côte d’Ivoire seafood play very important role in the diet, accounting for more than 65%. In this regard, the use of certain pesticides and production of hydrocarbons near the coast of Côte d’Ivoire cause serious damage to the health of the population of the coastal regions. In this paper, an example of two regions of the country: Zhakvil and dabou examines the causes and factors of the mass death of fish and other categories of seafood contamination.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):77-83
views
WASTE MANAGEMENT IN AFRICAN COUNTRIES: SOCIAL & ENVIRONMENTAL FEATURES
Kharlamova M.D., Fuad M.K.
Abstract
Problems and features of waste management in two African countries - Sierra Leone and Zimbabve, are analyzed. Environmental, economic and social aspects of dumpsites in the cities and estimation of sanitary landfills organization are considered.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):84-94
views
METHODS OF THE HIGHLY EFFECTIVE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY ON IDENTIFICATION OF ALDEHYDES IN WATER
Kochetkov P.P., Abramov E.V., Glebov V.V.
Abstract
The article presents environmental assessment method and high performance liquid chromatography with solid phase extraction for detection of aldehydes in water. Presents a modernized method gives a number of significant advantages: considerably time procedure reduces sample preparation, compared with traditional liquid extraction, easy to use and significantly reduces the amount of materials used and reagents in the determination of aldehydes in water. Separation of substances was achieved on reversed-phase C18 column chromatography using a mixture of deionized water and acetonitrile as the mobile phase. Determination of formaldehyde in water was performed at the absorption wavelength of 360 nm. Linearity was achieved in the concentration ranges from 1 to 200 mkg/dm3. Values of repeatability (RSD) presented the method was 15% and the total precision is 10% for control samples at all levels, including lower limit of quantification.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):95-103
views
THE FEATURES OF STORMWATER PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY SHEMES OF AIRPORTS
Lesechko A.S., Kurbatova A.I.
Abstract
Water supply and drainage system is an integral component of many businesses, including airports, and industrial effluents are one of the most important routes of pollutants entering the environment. In order to prevent negative impacts on the environment, water use by enterprises is strictly regulated by law nowadays. This article describes the features of the water system of airports as commercial enterprises as well as possible ways of modernizing the system of water use.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):104-109
views
ALPHA-FETOPROTEIN AS ANTI-AGING AGENT: EFFECT ON SURVIVAL AND AGE-MARKERS IN MICE
Dontsov V.I., Krut’ko V.N., Chizhov A.Y.
Abstract
Alpha-fetoprotein is one of the best known embriospecific proteins, which is used to diagnose fetal abnormalities and tumor processes of the gastrointestinal tract and liver and has a pronounced immunotropic and detoxifying effect, and also a direct apoptotic effect on tumor cells. The appointment of AFP mice at the oldest age in our experiments, dramatically increased survival and markedly increased the relative weight immunotropic bodies, apparently, due to the characteristic of the AFP general effect of improving the functions of tissues and detoxifying action. Thus, AFP has a significant bioactivity and anti-aging effectname, that allows to consider it as a candidate for a geroprotective agent.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):110-117
views
ECOLOGIC MONITORING OF AIR POLLUTION IN OPERATION ROOM IN CLINIC OF ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
Potievskaya V.I., Ushakov I.L., Popov A.A., Chizhov A.Y.
Abstract
The study was conducted to evaluate dynamics of air pollution during inhalational anaesthesia with sevoflurane in In Vitro Fertilization. Measurements of volatile organic compounds (VOC) were performed using portable photoionization gas analyzer in 5 areas of operating room during 7 working days and near the patient’s head and in the location of anaesthesia apparatus during 14 days without additional air cleaning. Then we used air carbone filter and measured VOC during next 14 days (49 anaesthesias altogether). Maximal air pollution was detected in the awakening period. There were no VOC traces in the area of embryologist during all periods of inhalational anaesthesia. It was shown that air pollution level reduced significantly after air carbone filter installation.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):118-125
views
DYNAMICS OF CHOLERA IN ZIMBABWE AND AN ASSESSMENT OF INFLUENCE OF SYSTEM OF THE INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN AID ON REDUCTION OF CASES DURINGTHE 2008-2009 CHOLERA EPIDEMIC
Hlomayi K.O., Rodionova O.M.
Abstract
The article assess the cholera dynamics in Zimbabwe, environmental factors contributing to the cholera crises and the 2008-2009 cholera epidemic; humanitarian aid strategies and how they reduced the cholera case fatality rate from approximately 4.4 in January 2009 to 0 in June 2009.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):126-135
views
FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF THE ECOLOGIST RESEARCHER IN THE CONTEXT OF CROSS-CULTURAL SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION
Valeeva N.G.
Abstract
In the context of cross-cultural scientific communication the foreign language academic environmental discourse proficiency is the component of the professional competence of an ecologist researcher. Formation of professional communicative foreign language competence of researchers is carried out by modeling scientific cross-cultural асademic dialogue in the field of ecology.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):136-142
views
TRANSLATION OF TEXT IN ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT OF INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION
Avdonina M.Y., Valeeva N.G., Zhabo N.I., Terekhova S.I.
Abstract
Teaching and learning translation of professionally-oriented texts has received a new dimension thanks to ICT. Methodological, didactic and psychological analysis of teacher and students practical activity is proposed in order to achieve the goal to go beyond providing information when interpreting information, to reveal deeper meaning, to identify cultural and pragmatic plans of the text in the course of the analysis before translation of the text on ecology.
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):143-150
views
NAShI AVTORY
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Ecology and Life Safety. 2016;(2):151-155
views

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies