Vol 9, No 4 (2017)


Laws and Obligations of the Landlords of the Sacral Land in Attica (IV Century B. C.)

Bulycheva E.V.


The article is devoted to legal aspects of leasing of sacred land in Attica - the rights and responsibilities of landlords. The object of the lease are temenos, which represent land plots with gardens and business premises owned by the temple. As a result, in the first place, perfomed demos and orgeones. The special duty of the landlords was to guarantee compliance with the legal side of the lease, the protection of the rights of the parties involved in the transaction. Landlords took care of the land in their possession. They had to ensure the timely payment of the special tax - eisphora. The main right was the control over observance of obligations on the part of tenants. In General, based on the study material, we can come to the conclusion that the relationship between the parties to the lease temenos in ancient Attica had a sound legal basis.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2017;9(4):301-309
pages 301-309 views

Canadian Foreign Policy at the First Half of the Twentieth Century: From Dominion to Commonwealth

Komarov A.N.


This article discusses the way of Canada from the dominion to Commonwealth at the first half of the XX century. A special attention is paid to the imperial idea, the attainment of Canadian foreign policy sovereignty. The author comes to the conclusion that the trend of Canada’s commitment to the imperial idea, was lasting and defined the nature of Canada’s foreign policy in the first half of the XX century This idea was based also on the understanding of the traditional two-party system and a common Anglo-Saxon political culture. On the contrary, in the interwar period, 1919-1939, and after the Second world war, Canada gained sovereignty in foreign policy, primarily due to the Statute of Westminster 1931, and the Imperial Charter in 1949 which recorded the formation of the Commonwealth of Nations instead of the British Colonial Empire. After coming to power of the Сonservative government of B. Mulroney in 1984, Canada has strengthened its sovereignty and headed for Continentalism, i.e. the strengthening of Canadian-American trade relations, which were implemented in the agreements FTA with the US, NAFTA with USA and Mexico.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2017;9(4):310-317
pages 310-317 views

Welfare State Reform in the Nordic Countries in the 1990s

Naryshkin A.A.


Nordic countries made a significant historical contribution to the welfare state’s idea formation in European countries and all over the world. These countries put the public interest above private ones and formed a unique model of benefits distribution aimed to honor the principles of social justice. Historically Nordic welfare state model formed its characteristic features in the middle of the 20th century. But under the influence of external and internal crises, welfare state model shows its ability to change. During 1990s Nordic welfare state faced a period of strength test. This period was characterized by a large-scale economic crisis that affected all sectors of economic and social life in the Nordic countries. This article touches upon the issue of Nordic welfare state’s transformation during that historical period.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2017;9(4):318-330
pages 318-330 views

Jews in Germany: from Ancient Times to the Present Day

Khderi K.Y.


Antisemitism dates back to the remote past. Today it seems impossible to define whether antisemitism throughout centuries was stronger in Germany than in other European countries (France, Poland, and Russia) as from the point of view of historical science such phenomena as hate or prejudices cannot be measured. However, hate and prejudices against Jews reached its zenith in Germany when A. Hitler came to power. At the beginning of 2016, his book “Mein Kampf” for the first time during the last 70 years was published supplied with exhaustive scientific comments. One should not think that reissue of the Nazi manifest which became a prolog to the scariest page in the history of the Jewish people demonstrates revival of the anti-Semitic sentiment in the Federal Republic of Germany. It aims at studying and rethinking of own history to prevent the same events from taking place in the present and future.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2017;9(4):331-340
pages 331-340 views

Africa in the Foreign Policy Course of PRC

Zabella A.A.


This article is devoted to the African vector of the foreign policy of the People’s Republic of China, namely the cooperation of the PRC with the African states along the “South-South” line. Particular attention will be paid to developing a dialogue with the oil-producing states of Africa in view of the growing dialogue between the People’s Republic of China and the countries rich in black gold. The author will also identify the main areas of Chinese investment in the African continent, and emphasize their importance for China and Africa. The author will also highlight the main goals, tasks and foreign policy principles of the People’s Republic of China. The author examines the main directions of interstate cooperation, identifies their specifics, and also answers the question whether an integral and unified Chinese foreign policy strategy has emerged in relation to the countries of the African continent that can really reflect modern interstate relations.

RUDN Journal of World History. 2017;9(4):341-352
pages 341-352 views

Modern Political and Socio-Economic Situation in Afghanistan

Naderi A.


After several long decades of civil war Afghanistan since 2001 has been the main focus of attention not only of leading political and economic analysts and researchers around the world. Western political scientists have already dubbed Afghanistan as «a failed state» due to continuing instability and internal conflicts. Nevertheless, many experts consider this formulation to be an exaggeration because since 2001 the government has made some positive changes. Summarizing the results of the analysis, the author concluded that today Kabul faces a difficult task to improve the life of the population, which can be achieved by stabilizing the domestic situation and by economic development.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2017;9(4):353-362
pages 353-362 views

10 Years of University of Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Main Results

Efremova L.I., Fedorov R.G.


The article reviews the main results of the activities of the University of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) over a ten-year period, analyzes the effectiveness of its activities and the results of the universities participating in the SCO. Particular attention is paid to the role of joint scientific and methodological ivents of the development of the University of SCO. The article was prepared within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation 28. 4368.2017/5.1

RUDN Journal of World History. 2017;9(4):363-369
pages 363-369 views

“The Oirats-Ogeleds... crossed the Mankan River”: the ethnoreligious situation at the Oirats in the middle of XV - the beginning of XVI centuries

Kitinov B.U.


The article examines the problem, which so far had not been studied by the historical science - the fate of the Elet Oirats, who, according the Oirat and Kalmyk sources, suddenly had departured “to the west”. The author suggests, that the Elets’ exodus did take place in the past, the reasons probably lied in the ethnic and religious history of this people. The Choros clan, which headed the Elets, was of Turkic origin, and had had the close relationship with the Muslim rulers of Moghulistan, and there was a certain role of Islam among some clan’s members. At the time of the descendants of the famous Oirat ruler Esen Taisha (who actively supported Buddhism), there had happened the religious disputes between Amasanjee (the youngest son of Esen, an adherent of Buddhism) and his sons - Ibrahim and Ilyas (Esen’s grandsons, Muslims). The author hypothesizes that, being the leaders of the Elets, the brothers took a significant part of this Oirat people to Moghulistan, where they, most likely, almost all were exterminated by Alachi-khan (Ahmad-khan). Those events led to the significant transformative processes both among the Oirats themselves and in the fate of the Choros - a new confederation was created by the Oirats, where Buddhism was perceived not only as a religion but also as an ideology of society, and the remaining descendants of Esen, who left among the Oirats, had formed the new peoples: Derbets and Jungars. The very name “Choros” almost completely disappeared from the chronicles.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2017;9(4):370-382
pages 370-382 views

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