Cite item

Full text / tables, figures


The article focuses on the formation of cultural and social self-identification of an ethnic minority within a multicultural society as well as on the establishment and functioning of a state as a conglomerate of various ethnic constituents. Nowadays this subject is vital, as many European countries have found themselves in a situation under which they have to host numerous migrants and assimilate them. It should be emphasized that minorities, their way of life, language they speak and education their children get always reflect general trends existing in the society as well as the official policy towards minorities, prejudices or lack of prejudices in the society. In this study, the authors investigate the possibility of integration and assimilation as well as the historical and social conditions necessary for assimilation in a society and for understanding its importance within a community. Integration means acceptance of a new culture, language and traditions, better understanding of a new religion and ethnic characteristics in order to be a part of a hosting society. It is the history of the Jewish community in Russia, which is analyzed in the article. Since the aim of the present study is the understanding of self-identification, i.e. personal self-perception of an individual in the society, of great value are the memoirs as sources of information and their textual analysis. The objectives of the research are to study the main aspects of social life: religion, education, language. Based on the exact results, the conclusion may be regarded as universal and generally applicable when forming ways of integration of minorities into a single public space.

About the authors

Alla Meyerovich

Achva Academic College

POB Shikmim, Beer Tuvia, 79800

Irena V Vladimirsky

Achva Academic College

POB Shikmim, Beer Tuvia, 79800


  1. Aronson, I.M. “Russian Commissions on the Jewish Question in the 1880’s.” East European Quarterly 14, no. 1 (1980): 59-74.
  2. Brushtein, A. Doroga uhodit vdal’. Moscow: Detguz Publ., 1956 (in Russian).
  3. Brutzkus, B. Statistika evreiiskago naseleniia: raspredielenie po territorii, demograficheskie i kul’turnye priznaki evreiskago naseleniia po dannym perepisi 1897 g. St. Peterburg: Sever Print Hous, 1909 (in Russian).
  4. Dubnov, S.M. Kniga zhizni. Vospominaniia i razmyshleniia: materialy dlya istorii moego vremeni. Moscow: Eveiskiy universitet Publ., 1998 (in Russian).
  5. Dubnov, S.M. Noveishaiia istoriia evreiskogo naroda. 1789-1881. Moscow; Ierusalim: Mosty kultury, and Gershaim Publ., 2002 (in Russian).
  6. Fraenkel, Josef. The Jewish Press of the World. London: Cultural Department of the World Jewish Congress, 1956.
  7. Gel’fond, M.M. “Tvorcheskaiia istoriia avtobiograficheskoi trilogii A.Ya. Brushtein ‘Doroga ukhodit vdal’.” Novyi Filologicheskii Vestnik 28, no. 1 (2014): 81-90 (in Russian).
  8. Gessen, Yuliy I. “Popytka emansipatsii evreev v Rossii.” Perezhitoe, no. 1 (1990): 144-163 (in Russian).
  9. Gessen, Yuliy I. Istoria Evreiskogo naroda v Rossii. 2 vols. Leningrad: Printing house K.-O. Leningrad Gubprofso Council, 1925-1927 (in Russian).
  10. Gradovskii, N.D. Otnoshenie k evreyam v devnei i sovremennoi Rusi: Motivy istoriko-nacional’nye. S tochki zreniia russko-pravoslavnoi. Part 1. St. Petersburg: [S.n.], 1891 (in Russian).
  11. Grets, H. Ot nachala Mendel’sonovskoi epohi do noveishego vremeni (1750-1848). Vol. 12 of Istoriia evreev ot drevneishih vremen do nastoyashchego. Odessa: Print Hous of Sherman, 1900 (in Russian).
  12. Grossman, Leonid. Ispoved’ odnogo evreiia. Moscow; Leningrad: Svetoch Press, 1924 (in Russian).
  13. Gumilev, Leonid N. Otkrytie Khazarii. Moscow: AST Publ., 2014 (in Russian).
  14. Harcave, S.S. “The Jewish question in the first Russian Duma.” Jewish Social Studies 6 (1944): 55-176.
  15. Ivask, U.G. Evreiskaia pechat’ v Rossii. Materialy dlya istorii evreiskoi zhurnalistiki. Issue 1. Tallin: [S.n.], 1935 (in Russian).
  16. Kantor, R.M. “Razgrom evreiskoi intelligentsia.” Evreiskaia letopis, no. 2 (1924): 87-95 (in Russian).
  17. Karasik, V. Evreiskaia pressa na russkom yazyke: bibliograficheskii spravochnik. Moscow: N.I. Krotov Publ., 1992 (in Russian).
  18. Kassil, Lev A. Konduit i Shvambraniia. Moscow: Detskaiia literature Publ., 1960 (in Russian). Karamzin, Nikolay M. Pis’ma russkogo puteshestvennika. Moscow: Pravda Publ., 1980.
  19. Klier, John Doyle. Russia gathers her Jews: the origins of the “Jewish question” in Russia, 1772-1825. Dekalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2011.
  20. Klier, John Doyle. “The Ambiguous Legal Status of Russian Jewry in the Reign of Catherine II.” Slavic Review 35, no. 3 (1976): 504-517.
  21. Krutikov, M. “Pushkin v Vil’ne: Russkaiya Literatura i Evreiskaiya Intelligentsiya.” In Leo Philologiae. 128-163. Moscow: [S.n.], 2016 (in Russian).
  22. Levanda, L.O. Tipy i siluyety: iz vospominanii zhkol’nika kontsa 40-h godov. St. Petersburg: Voshod Publ., 1881 (in Russian).
  23. Lotman, Yuriy M. Struktura khudozhestvennogo teksta. Semioticheskie issledovaniia po teorii iskusstva. Moscow: Iskusstvo Publ., 1970 (in Russian).
  24. Lowenstein, S.M. “Governmental Jewish policies in early nineteenth century Germany and Russia: A comparison.” Jewish Social Studies 46, no. 3/4, (1984): 303-320.
  25. Marshak, Samuil. V nachale zhizni: stranitsy vospominanii. Moscow: Sovetskii pisatel’ Publ., 1961 (in Russian).
  26. Mordovtsev, D.L. Irod: istpricheskii roman. Moscow: P.P. Soikin Publ., 1914.
  27. Mordovtsev, D.L. Vol. 1 of Polnoe sobranie istoricheskih romanov, povestei rasskazov. S kritikobiograficheskim ocherkom. Moscow: [S.n.], 1902 (in Russian).
  28. Morgulis, M. “Iz moih vospominanii.” Voskhod, no. 2, 1895, p. 110-116; no. 5/6, 1896, p. 177-181; no. 6/7, 1897, p. 65-84 (in Russian).
  29. Orbach, A. New Voices of Russian Jewry: a study of the Russia-Jewish press of Odessa in the era of the Great reforms, 1860-1871. Leiden: Brill, 1980
  30. Orshanski, I.G. Evrei v Rossii: ocherki ekonomicheskogo i obshchestvennogo byta russkikh evreev. St. Petersburg: Print Hous of Bakst, 1877 (in Russian)
  31. Pasternak, L.O. Zapisi raznyh let. Moscow: Sovetskii khudozhnik Publ., 1975 (in Russian). Perlmann, M. “Notes on ‘Rassvet’ 1860-61.” Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research, no. 33 (1965): 21-50
  32. Pipes, Richard. “Catherine II and the Jews: The origins of the pale of settlement.” East European Jewish Affairs 5, no. 2 (1975): 3-20
  33. Pomyalovskii, N.G. Ocherki bursy. Moscow: Prospekt Publ., 2014 (in Russian)
  34. Pozner, S.V. Evrei v obshchei shkole: k istorii zakonodatel’stva i pravitel’stvennoi politiki v oblasti evereiskago voprosa. St. Peterburg: Razum Publ., 1914 (in Russian)
  35. Slutsky, Y. Ha-‘Itonut ha-Yehudit-Rusit ba-me’ah ha-tesha-esreh [Jewish Russian-language press in the 19th century]. Jerusalem: Bialik institute, 1970 (in Hebrew)
  36. Springer, A. “Gavriil Derzhavin’s Jewish Reform Project of 1800.” Canadian-American Slavic Studies 10, no. 1 (1976): 1-23

Copyright (c) 2018 Meyerovich A., Vladimirsky I.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies