Community Tradition in Pre-Romanov Russia


The understanding of the basic laws of the political history of Russia will be obviously incomplete without a scientific understanding of the role of the community (agricultural, rural, peasant) in the development of national statehood at each appropriate stage. The unity and continuity of the national history up to and including the Soviet period was ensured by the reproduction of the community in its various concrete historical forms. The way out of the most significant points of bifurcation in the history of Russia is inextricably linked with the communal tradition: the revival of the national statehood both after the overthrow of the Horde yoke, and during the overcoming of the Troubles of the beginning of the XVII century. The article is devoted to the consideration of community tradition as a long-term factor in the history of national statehood. The markers of the civilizational specificity of Russia associated with the community (attitude to private property, neighborly character) are emphasized. The view of the politogenesis of the Eastern Slavs and the statehood of the lands of pre-Mongol Russia as the formation and development of a system of subordinate communities is consistently substantiated. The inclusion of the estate self-government of the tyagly posadsky and volost worlds in the system of state administration of Moscow Russia as a grassroots administration is revealed.

About the authors

Oleg Y. Yahshiyan

State University of Management

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0097-5193

PhD in History, Associate Professor of the Department of Public Administration and Political Technologies

99 Ryazansky Prospekt, Moscow, Russian Federation, 109542


  1. Pipes R. Rossija pri starom rezhime [Russia under the Old Regime]. Moscow: Nezavisimaya Gazeta; 1993. 421 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Skazkin S.D. Ocherki po istorii zapadnoevropejskogo krest’janstva v srednie veka. Izbrannye trudy po istorii. [Essays on the History of the Western European Peasantry in the Middle Ages. Selected Works on History]. Moscow: Nauka; 1973. 454 p. (In Russ.).
  3. Perevezentsev S.V. Russkaja istorija: s drevnejshih vremen do nachala XXI veka [Russian History: From Ancient Times to the Beginning of the XXI Century]. Moscow: Academic Project; 2018. 571 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Kuzmin A.G. Samoupravlenie v Rossii. Marodery na dorogah istorii [Self–government in Russia. Looters on the Roads of History]. Moscow: “Russian panorama”; 2005. 336 p. (In Russ.).
  5. Shapiro A.L. Russkaja istoriografija s drevnejshih vremen do 1917 g. [Russian Historiography from Ancient Times to 1917]. Moscow: Publishing House “Culture”; 1993. 761 p. (In Russ.).
  6. Orlov A.S., Georgiev V.A., Georgieva N.G., Sivokhina T.A. Hrestomatija po istorii Rossii s drevnejshih vremen do nashih dnej. Uchebnoe posobie [A Textbook on the History of Russia from Ancient Times to the Present Day]. Moscow: “Prospect”; 1999. 592 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Danilova L.V. Sel’skaja obshhina v srednevekovoj Rusi [Rural Community in Medieval Russia]. Moscow: Nauka; 1994. 318 p. (In Russ.).
  8. Povesti vremennyh let (Lavrent’evskaja letopis’). Sost., avtory primechanij i ukazatelej A.G. Kuz’min, V.V. Fomin; vstupitel’naja stat’ja i perevod A.G. Kuz’mina [Tales of Bygone Years (Lavrent’evskaja letopis’). Ed. by A.G. Kuzmin, V.V. Fomin]. Arzamas; 1993. 383 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Andreeva L.A. Monarhicheskaja gosudarstvennost’ v Rossii. Rossijskaja civilizacija: Jetnokul’turnye i duhovnye aspekty: Jenc. Slovar’. Red. Kol.: Mchedlov M.P. i dr. [Monarchical Statehood in Russia. Russian Civilization: Ethno-cultural and Spiritual Aspects. Ed. by Mchedlov M.P. et al.]. Moscow: Republic; 2001. 544 p. (In Russ.).
  10. Grafsky V.G., Efremova N.N., Karpets V.I. et al. Instituty samoupravlenija: istoriko-pravovoe issledovanie [Institutes of Self-Government: Historical and Legal Research]. Moscow: Nauka; 1995. 301 p. (In Russ.).
  11. Zemskoe samoupravlenie v Rossii, 1864–1918: v 2 kn. Otv. red. N.G. Koroleva [Zemstvo Selfgovernment in Russia, 1864–1918: in 2 books. Ed. by N.G. Koroleva. Book 1: 1864–1904]. Moscow: Nauka; 2005. 428 p. (In Russ.).

Copyright (c) 2023 Yahshiyan O.Y.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies