Honorary citizenship in Moscow history


There was no accident in appearing of honorary citizenship class in Russian empire in the end of 18 century. It helped to solve several problems: removal of social tensions, integration problem of other worship and new ethnic groups, choosing people and giving them special privileges for the benefit of Russian state. Advantages of eminent citizens written by Katherine the 2nd in letters patent were: exemption from corporal punishment, conscription, ability in owning country yards and gardens (except for populated estates), moving around city in a carriage pulled by 2 or 4 horses. Titles of eminent citizens were inheritable. Grand children of eminent citizens who were bearing the title blamelessly could ask for nobility on reaching 30 years old. In 1832 Emperor Nikolay the 1st established manifest about class of honorary citizens. Honorary citizens were divided in personal and hereditary. Morozovy, Ryabushkinky, Guchkovy families were the famous representatives of this class. The title of honorary citizen was removed by VCIK and CNK decree from November 11 (24) 1917 about abolition of classes and civil officials. Soon it was decided (on the similar principals) to reward honored citizens with “honorary citizen” title for the benefit of the city. New title establishment not only helped to solve the problem of national scale but also encouraged the development of patronage, culture, science and municipal administration system in the whole Russian economics.

About the authors

Ilia V Akulenko

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: akulenko@live.ru


27/4 Lomonosovskyi ave, Moscow, Russia, 119991


  1. Belyaev I.N. Two centuries of honorary citizenship in Russia. History. Law. Sovremennost. Printing house of Smolensk. Smolensk: 2001.
  2. Bokhanov A.N. Russian business elite 1914. IRI. М. 1994.
  3. Gradovskiy A.D. Beginning of Russian state law. Book I, II, III. Printing house М.М. Stasiulevicha: SPb., 1875–1883.
  4. Decree of VCIK and SNK from 11 (24) of November 1917 «About the destruction of classes and civil ranks” Law of Kemerovskaya region from 14 of February 2005. № 32-ОZ» About awards».
  5. The Code of Laws of Moscow from 5 of September 2001 № 38 «Approval of honors and titles Moscow».
  6. Mironov B.N. Russian social history. Т. 1. Est. Dmitriy Bulanin SPb., 2000.
  7. Federal portal of MVD of Russia. URL: http://petrovka38.ru/news/item/53322.
  8. The first nationwide populationensus in Russian EmpirePublication of the central statistical committee of Home office Edited by N.A. Troinitskiy. Book 24. Moscow, 1901.
  9. Decision of the Executive committee of Moscow city council of People’s deputies from 25 of January 1995. № 9 from «Approval of «Of title «Honorary city Moscow citizen».
  10. Decision of the Executive committee of Moscow city council of People’s deputies from 5 of March 1866.
  11. Rogovin L.M. Honorary citizenship: laws and clarification of the Senate and the Ministries of reckoning honorary citizens, rights and benefits of this class. Awards for the differences in the general and charitable interest. SPb., 1914.
  12. The Code of Laws of the Russian Empire. The second collection. Highest Approval of the Regulation about the Jews from 31 of May 1835.
  13. The Code of Laws of the Russian Empire. Highest approved by the Council of State est. 15 of November 1843.
  14. Federal portal of Moscow state Duma. URL: http://duma.mos.ru/ru/593/page/cpisokpochetnyih-grajdan-moskvyi.
  15. The decree of Alexander I from 1 of January 1807.
  16. Khazin A.L. Honour have, and do not sell. Rossiyskaya Gazeta – Federal release № 6699 (128). 06.15.15.
  17. Shmelev G.N. Acts of the reign of Catherine II. Institution to manage the provinces and charters nobility and cities. Moscow Higher Courses for Women. М., 1907.

Copyright (c) 2017 Akulenko I.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies