The Changes of Forms of Public Contestation in PostDemocracy


The paper discusses the main trends in changing forms of political contestation of citizens in contemporary competitive and non-competitive political regimes. Social transformations led to the destruction of traditional social groups capable of joint political action. Along with social changes in the political sphere, the nature of the basic institution of political contestation - political parties - has changed, acting as political opposition. Contemporary political party reduces the scale of citizen involvement in political action, increasing the cost of political advertising, thereby becoming dependent on influential economic interest groups and state funding. The weakening of the political pressure of society through institutionalized channels led to the disappointment of the democratic system as a whole. Citizens in the contemporary world increasingly prefer noninstitutionalized and illegitimate forms of political action. However, observations of dispute practices in North Africa, the Middle East, Spain, the United States, France, and Russia in the 2010s demonstrate that the dominant position of institutional channels of influence on political and public decisions has been maintained. New opportunities of the Internet for organizing collective actions of citizens have not led to the formation of a new identity of dissatisfied people and the consolidation of effective online deliberation practices.

About the authors

Roman V. Savenkov

Voronezh State University

Author for correspondence.

PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor of the Department of Sociology and Political Science

Universitetskaya Square, 1, Voronezh, Russian Federation, 394018


  1. Publichnaya politika: Instituty, tsifrovizatsiya, razvitie: Kollektivnaya monografiya. Ed. by L.V. Smorgunova. Moscow: Aspekt-Press; 2018. 349 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Cohen J., Arato A. Civil Society and Political Theory. Moscow: Ves Mir; 2003. 349 p. (In Russ.).
  3. Vainshtein G.I. Massovoe soznanie i sotsial'nyi protest v usloviyakh sovremennogo kapitalizma. Moscow: Nauka; 1990. 169 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Partii i partiinye sistemy: sovremennye tendentsii razvitiya. Ed by B.I. Makarenko et al. Moscow: Politicheskaya ehntsiklopediya; 2015. 303 p. (In Russ.).
  5. Lawson K. Novyi podkhod k sravnitel'nomu issledovaniyu politicheskikh partii. Politicheskaya nauka. 2010; (4): 29–48 (In Russ.).
  6. Croch C. Post-Democracy. Moscow: ID VSHEh; 2010. 192 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Dahl R. Polyarchy. Participation and Opposition. Moscow: ID VShE; 2010. 288 p. (In Russ.).
  8. Konstituirovanie sovremennoi politiki v Rossii: institutsional'nye problem. Ed. by S.V. Patrushev, L.E. Filippova. Moscow: Politicheskaya ehntsiklopediya; 2018. 262 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Protest Publics. Toward a New Concept of Mass Civic Action. Ed. by N. Belyaeva, V. Albert, D. Zaytsev. Springer; 2019. 306 p.
  10. Lobanova O. Protestnye dvizheniya i «politika osparivaniya: kontseptual'nye ramki. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Seriya: Politologiya. 2013; (4): 163–167 (In Russ.).
  11. Ochkina AV. Sotsial'nyi protest v sovremennoi Rossii: faktory i tendentsii razvitiya. Ehkonomika i upravlenie: nauchno-prakticheskii zhurnal. 2016; (4): 69–75 (In Russ.).
  12. Sokolov A.V. Kollektivnye deistviya v sovremennoi Rossii: osobennosti organizatsii i reaktsiya vlasti. Yuzhno-Rossiiskii zhurnal sotsial'nykh nauk. 2019; 20 (2): 45–59 (In Russ.). doi: 10.31429/26190567-20-2-45-59.
  13. Al'-Daini M.A. Ehlektoral'nyi protest: teoreticheskie problemy i vozmozhnosti regional'nykh issledovanii. Sotsial'no-gumanitarnye znaniya. 2017; (2): 269–280 (In Russ.).
  14. Savenkov RV. Sovremennye issledovaniya politicheskoi oppozitsii. Politicheskaya ehkspertiza (PoliTEhks). 2019; 15 (2): 275–290. (In Russ). DOI: 11701/spbu23.2019.208.
  15. Tilly C. From Mobilization to Revolution. Moscow: ID “VSHE”; 2019. 432 p. (In Russ.).
  16. Tilly C. Social Movements (1768-2004). Routledge; 2004. 204 p.
  17. Tarrow S. Power in Movement. Social Movement and Contentious Politics. Cambridge University Press; 2011. 328 p.
  18. Porta D., Diani M. Social Movements. An Introduction. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford; 2006. 345 p.
  19. Katz R., Mair P. The Cartel Party Thesis: A Restatement. Politicheskaya nauka. 2010; (4): 77–112 (In Russ.).
  20. Katz R., Mair P. Changing Models of Party Organization Party Democracy: The Emergence of the Cartel Party. Politicheskaya nauka. 2006; (1): 27–42 (In Russ.).
  21. Populizm kak obshchii vyzov. Ed by K. Krouford, B.I. Makarenko, N.V. Petrov. Moscow: Politicheskaya ehntsiklopediya; 2018. 127 p. (In Russ.).
  22. Van Vossole J. Long Waves of Political Contestation. Kondratieff Waves. 2015; (2): 276–297.
  23. Sotsial'nyi protest na sovremennom Vostoke. Ed. by D.V. Strel'tsova. Moscow: Aspekt Press; 2016. 304 p. (In Russ.).
  24. Tehrrou S. Strategiya rezhima – ehto samyi vazhnyi faktor, opredelyayushchie razmakh i dlitel'nost' protestov. Svobodnaya mysl'. 2011; (12): 5–16 (In Russ.).
  25. Prognozirovanie sotsial'no-politicheskikh protsessov i konfliktov v stranakh Zapada i v Rossii. Ed. by V.I. Pantin, I.S. Semenenko. Moscow: IMEHMO RAN; 2016. 183 p. (In Russ.).
  26. Grazhdanskoe i politicheskoe v rossiiskikh obshchestvennykh praktikakh. Ed. by S.V. Patrusheva. Moscow: Rossiiskaya politicheskaya ehntsiklopediya (ROSSPEHN); 2013. 525 p. (In Russ.).
  27. Krastev I. Upravlenie nedoveriem. Moscow: Izdatel'stvo «EvropA»; 2014. 128 p. (In Russ).
  28. Zolo D. Democracy and Complexity. A Realist Approach. Moscow: ID VSHE; 2010. 320 p. (In Russ.).
  29. Ranciman D. The Confidence Trap. A History of Democracy in Crisis from World War I to the Present. Moscow: Izd. dom “Vysshaya shkola ehkonomiki”; 2019. 400 p. (In Russ.).

Copyright (c) 2020 Savenkov R.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies