Research on carbon balance in Japan

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The article presents an overview of scientific publications on the subject of the study «carbon balance in terrestrial ecosystems», made for the territory of Japan and indexed in the Scopus database for the period 2017-2021. Within this theme, the areas with the highest number of articles are highlighted: carbon fluxes in soils, carbon stocks in above ground phytomass (mainly studies of the ecosystems of Hokkaido), features of carbon dioxide sequestration by various plant species typical for Japan, as well as the carbon balance dynamics associated with deforestation, reforestation and natural phenomena such as typhoons. The most active in publishing activity scientific and academic institutions were identified (Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute; National Agriculture and Food Research Organization; Hokkaido University).

About the authors

Alexandra I. Bancheva

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5845-2833
SPIN-code: 1495-9863

Ph.D. in Geography, Researcher, Department of Physical Geography of the World, Faculty of Geography

1 Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation


  1. Chen S, Yoshitake S, Iimura Y, Asai C, Ohtsuka T. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) input to the soil: DOC fluxes and their partitions during the growing season in a cool-temperate broad-leaved deciduous forest, central Japan. Ecological Research. 2017;32(5):713-724.
  2. Gong Y, Li P, Lu W, Nishiwaki J, Komatsuzaki M. Response of soil carbon dioxide emissions to no-tillage and moldboard plow systems on andosols in a humid, subtropical climate, Japan. Geoderma. 2021;386.
  3. Kamarudin KN, Tomita M, Kondo K, Abe SS. Geostatistical estimation of surface soil carbon stock in Mt Wakakusa grassland of Japan. Landscape and Ecological Engineering. 2019;15(2):215-221.
  4. Hasukawa H, Inoda Y, Toritsuka S, Sudo S, Oura N, Sano T, et al. Effect of paddy-upland rotation system on the net greenhouse gas balance as the sum of methane and nitrous oxide emissions and soil carbon storage: A case in western Japan. Agriculture (Switzerland). 2021;11(1):1-16.
  5. Iimura Y, Kinjo K, Kondo M, Ohtsuka T. Soil carbon stocks and their primary origin at mature mangrove ecosystems in the estuary of Fukido river, Ishigaki Island, southwestern Japan. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 2019;65(5):435-443.
  6. Ishizuka S, Hashimoto S, Kaneko S, Tsuruta K, Kida K, Aizawa S, et al. Soil carbon stock changes due to afforestation in Japan by the paired sampling method on an equivalent mass basis. Biogeochemistry. 2021;153(3):263-281.
  7. Kim J, Lee J, Yang Y, Yun J, Ding W, Yuan J, et al. Microbial decomposition of soil organic matter determined by edaphic characteristics of mangrove forests in east Asia. Science of the Total Environment. 2021;(763).
  8. Kim Y, Tsunogai S, Tanaka N. Winter CH4 oxidation in cold-temperate grassland soils of northern Japan: 222Rn as a proxy for the validation of CH4 diffusivity. Polar Science. 2021;(29).
  9. Kitamura R, Sugiyama C, Yasuda K, Nagatake A, Yuan Y, Du J, et al. Effects of three types of organic fertilizers on greenhouse gas emissions in a grassland on andosol in southern Hokkaido, Japan. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems. 2021;(5).
  10. Koga N, Shimoda S, Shirato Y, Kusaba T, Shima T, Niimi H, et al. Assessing changes in soil carbon stocks after land use conversion from forest land to agricultural land in Japan. Geoderma 2020;(377).
  11. Koga N. Tillage, fertilizer type, and plant residue input impacts on soil carbon sequestration rates on a Japanese andosol. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 2017;63(4):396-404.
  12. Matsui K, Takata Y, Matsuura S, Wagai R. Soil organic carbon was more strongly linked with soil phosphate fixing capacity than with clay content across 20,000 agricultural soils in Japan: A potential role of reactive aluminum revealed by soil database approach. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 2021;67(3):233-242.
  13. Matsuura E, Komatsuzaki M, Hashimi R. Assessment of soil organic carbon storage in vegetable farms using different farming practices in the Kanto region of Japan. Sustainability. 2018;10(1).
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  15. Takakai F, Hatakeyama K, Nishida M, Nagata O, Sato T, Kaneta Y. Effect of the long-term application of organic matter on soil carbon accumulation and GHG emissions from a rice paddy field in a cool-temperate region, Japan-II. effect of different compost applications. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 2020;66(1):96-105.
  16. Takakai F, Kominami Y, Ohno S, Nagata O. Effect of the long-term application of organic matter on soil carbon accumulation and GHG emissions from a rice paddy field in a cool-temperate region, Japan. -I. comparison of rice straw and rice straw compost. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 2020;66(1):84-95.
  17. Araki MG, Gyokusen K, Kajimoto T. Vertical and seasonal variations in temperature responses of leaf respiration in a Chamaecyparis obtusa canopy. Tree Physiology. 2017;37(10), 1269-1284.
  18. Ichihashi R, Chiu C-W, Komatsu H, Kume T, Shinohara Y, Tateishi M, et аl. Contribution of lianas to community-level canopy transpiration in a warm-temperate forest. Functional Ecology. 2017;31(9):1690-2699.
  19. Inoue A, Miyazawa Y, Sato M, Shima H. Allometric equations for predicting culm surface area of three bamboo species (Phyllostachys spp.). Forests. 2018;9(6).
  20. Kenzo T, Yoneda R, Ninomiya I. Seasonal changes in photosynthesis and starch content in Japanese fir (Abies firma Sieb. et Zucc.) saplings under different levels of irradiance. Trees - Structure and Function. 2018;32(2):429-439.
  21. Kohyama TS, Potts MD, Kohyama TI, Niiyama K, Yao TL, Davies SJ, et al. Trade-off between standing biomass and productivity in species-rich tropical forest: Evidence, explanations and implications. Journal of Ecology. 2020;108(6):2571-2583.
  22. Koide D, Ito A. Temporal changes in the relationship between tree-ring growth and net primary production in Northern Japan: A novel approach to the estimation of seasonal photosynthate allocation to the stem. Ecological Research. 2018;33(6):1275-1287.
  23. Suzuki SN. Acceleration and deceleration of aboveground biomass accumulation rate in a temperate forest in central Japan. Forest Ecology and Management. 2021;479.
  24. Takahashi K, Matsuki S. Morphological variations of the solidago virgaurea L. complex along an elevational gradient on Mt Norikura, central Japan. Plant Species Biology. 2017;32(3):238-246.
  25. Teramoto M, Liang N, Takahashi Y, Zeng J, Saigusa N, Ide R, et al. Enhanced understory carbon flux components and robustness of net CO2 exchange after thinning in a larch forest in central Japan. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 2019;274:106-117.
  26. Egusa T, Kumagai T, Shiraishi N. Carbon stock in Japanese forests has been greatly underestimated. Scientific Reports. 2020;10(1).
  27. Suwa R, Rollon R, Sharma S, Yoshikai M, Albano GMG, Ono K, et al. Mangrove biomass estimation using canopy height and wood density in the South East and East Asian regions. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 2021;248.
  28. Mori A. Greenhouse gas emissions from cut grasslands renovated with full inversion tillage, shallow tillage, and use of a tine drill in Nasu, Japan. Agriculture (Switzerland). 2020;10(2).
  29. Tomotsune M, Yoshitake S, Iimura Y, Kida M, Fujitake N, Koizumi H, et al. Effects of soil temperature and tidal condition on variation in carbon dioxide flux from soil sediment in a subtropical mangrove forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology. 2018;34(4):268-275.
  30. Tomotsune M, Arai H, Yoshitake S, Kida M, Fujitake N, Kinjo K, et al. Effect of crab burrows on CO2 flux from the sediment surface to the atmosphere in a subtropical mangrove forest on Ishigaki Island, Southwestern Japan. Estuaries and Coasts. 2020;43(1):102-110.
  31. An JY, Osawa A. Seasonal patterns of fine root dynamics and their contribution to net primary production in hinoki cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) and konara oak (Quercus serrata) forests. Trees - Structure and Function. 2021;35(1):255-271.
  32. Takeda S, Takahashi K. Elevational variation in abundance of coarse woody debris in subalpine forests, central Japan. Forest Ecology and Management. 2020;473.
  33. Suzuki SN, Tsunoda T, Nishimura N, Morimoto J, Suzuki J-. Dead wood offsets the reduced live wood carbon stock in forests over 50 years after a stand-replacing wind disturbance. Forest Ecology and Management. 2019;432:94-101.
  34. Yuen JQ, Fung T, Ziegler AD. Carbon stocks in bamboo ecosystems worldwide: Estimates and uncertainties. Forest Ecology and Management. 2017;393:113-138.
  35. Kono Y, Ishida A, Saiki S-T, Yoshimura K, Dannoura M, Yazaki K, et al. Initial hydraulic failure followed by late-stage carbon starvation leads to drought-induced death in the tree Trema orientalis. Communications Biology. 2019;2(1).
  36. Lei T. The summer-deciduous habit of Daphne pseudomezereum is a response to warm summer as cooling converts it to an evergreen. Plant Ecology. 2020;221(6):431-440.
  37. Yamochi S, Tanaka T, Otani Y, Endo T. Effects of light, temperature and ground water level on the CO2 flux of the sediment in the high water temperature seasons at the artificial north salt marsh of Osaka Nanko bird sanctuary, Japan. Ecological Engineering. 2017;98:330-338.
  38. Hasukawa, H., Inoda, Y., Toritsuka, S., Sudo, S., Oura, N., Sano, T., et al. Effect of paddy-upland rotation system on the net greenhouse gas balance as the sum of methane and nitrous oxide emissions and soil carbon storage: A case in western Japan. Agriculture (Switzerland). 2021;11(1):1-16.
  39. Hotta W, Morimoto J, Inoue T, Suzuki SN, Umebayashi T, Owari T, et al. Recovery and allocation of carbon stocks in boreal forests 64 years after catastrophic windthrow and salvage logging in northern Japan. Forest Ecology and Management. 2020;468.
  40. Shimoda S, Wagai R. Ecosystem dynamics after abandonment of rice paddy fields: Does alien plant invasion enhance carbon storage? Ecosystems. 2020;23(3):617-629.
  41. Wu L, Kato T, Sato H, Hirano T, Yazaki T. Sensitivity analysis of the typhoon disturbance effect on forest dynamics and carbon balance in the future in a cool-temperate forest in northern Japan by using SEIB-DGVM. Forest Ecology and Management. 2019;451.
  42. Akita N, Ohe Y. Sustainable forest management evaluation using carbon credits: From production to environmental forests. Forests. 2021;12(8).
  43. Hojo A, Tsuji N, Kasuga T, Osaki M. Natural capital evaluation in the FutureCity of Shimokawa, northern Japan, based on forest economics. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 2021;193(12).
  44. Yoshida T, Naito S, Nagumo M, Hyodo N, Inoue T, Umegane H, Yamazaki H, Miya H, Nakamura F. Structural complexity and ecosystem functions in a natural mixed forest under a single-tree selection silviculture. Sustainability (Switzerland). 2017;9(11).
  45. Yousefpour R, Nakamura N, Matsumura N. Forest management approaches for climate change mitigation and adaptation: A comparison between Germany and Japan. Journal of Sustainable Forestry. 2020;39(6):635-653.
  46. Passarelli, R. N. (2018). The environmental impact of reused CLT panels: Study of a single-storey commercial building in Japan. Proceedings of the WCTE 2018 - World Conference on Timber Engineering; Seoul, South Korea; 2018.
  47. Nakano K, Koike W, Yamagishi K, Hattori N. Environmental impacts of cross-laminated timber production in Japan. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. 2020;22(10):2193-2205.
  48. Koide D, Ito A. Temporal changes in the relationship between tree-ring growth and net primary production in northern Japan: A novel approach to the estimation of seasonal photosynthate allocation to the stem. Ecological Research. 2018;33(6):1275-1287.
  49. Nomura, S., Mukai, H., Terao, Y., Takagi, K., Mohamad, M., & Jahaya, M. F. Evaluation of forest CO2 fluxes from sonde measurements in three different climatological areas including Borneo, Malaysia, and Iriomote and Hokkaido, Japan. Chemical and Physical Meteorology. 2018;70(1).
  50. Wang Q, Imasu R, Arai Y, Ito S, Mizoguchi Y, Kondo H, et al. Sub-daily natural CO2 flux simulation based on satellite data: Diurnal and seasonal pattern comparisons to anthropogenic CO2 emissions in the greater Tokyo area. Remote Sensing. 2021;13(11).

Copyright (c) 2023 Bancheva A.I.

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