Runoff of nutrients and pollutants from urban watersheds

Cover Page

Cite item


Runoff of nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus) and toxic pollutants from urbanized areas is significant source of toxic contamination and anthropogenic eutrophication of water bodies. It is difficult to calculate the surface runoff value. Overview of the runoff modules from urban watersheds with various degrees of urbanization is presented. Some results of our evaluation of the values for the watersheds of the Volkovka and Okhta rivers of St. Petersburg are considered. The evaluation was carried out with usage of our own methodology. The results of our research are compared with ones of other researches. The comparison demonstrates that urbanization significantly influences at intakes of the nutrients and pollutants into water object. The surface runoff is the main source of the pollutants and nutrients intakes into water objects from urban areas.

About the authors

Stepan M. Klubov

Russian State Hydrometeorological University; State Budgetary Institution of Additional Education, Palace of Child Youth Art «At the Voznesensky Bridge» of the Admiralteyskiy district

Author for correspondence.
SPIN-code: 3247-3114
graduate student Russian State Hydrometeorological University; teacher State budgetary institution of additional education, Palace of Child Youth Art “At the Voznesensky Bridge” 98 Malookhtinsky Ave., St. Petersburg, 195196, Russian Federation

Victor Yu. Tretyakov

Russian State Hydrometeorological University; Saint Petersburg State University

SPIN-code: 1716-5118
PhD, Associate Professor Russian State Hydrometeorological University and Saint Petersburg State University 98 Malookhtinsky Ave., St. Petersburg, 195196, Russian Federation; 7-9 Universitetskaya Naberezhnaya St, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation


  1. Klubov SM, Тretyakov VYu. Influence of St. Petersburg urban rivers on the inflow of pollutants into the Baltic Sea. E3S Web of Conferences. 2020;163:1–5.
  2. Serebritckiy IA, Grigoriev IA. Environmental protection, nature management and environmental safety in St. Petersburg. St. Petersburg: Sezam-print Publ.; 2018. (In Russ.)
  3. Radulescu D, Racoviteanu G, Swamikannu X. Comparison of urban residential storm water runoff quality in Bucharest with int. data. E3S Web of Conferences. 2018;85:1–9.
  4. Shvecov VN. Recommendations for the calculation of systems for collecting, diverting and cleaning surface runoff from residential areas. Moscow: VST Publishing House; 2006. (In Russ.)
  5. Kondratiev SA. Assessment of the biogenic load on the Gulf of Finland of the Baltic Sea from the Russian part of the catchment area. Water resources. 2011;38(1):56–64. (In Russ.)
  6. Butler D, Digman C, Makropoulos C, Davies JW. Urban Drainage. 4th ed. London: CRC Press Publ.; 2018.
  7. Ershova AA. Complex assessment of the transfer of biogenic substances from the Neva River watershed to the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland [dissertation]. Saint Petersburg; 2013. (In Russ.) Available from:
  8. Lozovik PA, Borodulina GS, Karpechko YuV, Kondratiev SA, Litvinenko AV, Litvinova IA. Biogenic load on Lake Onega according to field observations. Proceedings of the Karelian Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2016;5:35–52. (In Russ.)
  9. Janke Benjamin D, Finlay Jacques C, Hobbie Sarah E, Baker Larry A, Sterner Robert W, Nidzgorski D. Contrasting influences of stormflow and baseflow pathways on nitrogen and phosphorus export from an urban watershed. Biogeochemistry. 2014;121:209–228.
  10. Jolankai G. Modelling of non-point source pollution. Ecological Modelling in Environmental Management. 1983;5:283–285.

Copyright (c) 2022 Klubov S.M., Tretyakov V.Y.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies