NATIONAL MODEL OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN GERMAN AUTONOMY

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Abstract


The article analyzes the process of the higher education system in the Volga German Autonomous SSR in 1920-1930. The main aim of the work is to examine the basic assumptions and key moments of opening higher education institutions for the training of professional managerial personnel for the party apparatus of the republic, teaching staff for schools, professionals in the field of agriculture as well as places of compact settlement of Germans in the Soviet Union. Among other things are the difficulties faced by the universities of German autonomy in the period of its activity, namely the lack of funding, facilities and premises for training, lack of qualified personnel to teach in their native language, lack of students. This study led to the conclusion that most of all the described processes were characteristic of the education system throughout the country. And the Soviet government, taking into account national peculiarities and economic needs of the republic, acted aggressively to set up a clear structure of the Soviet educational institutions by expanding the network of national institutions with instruction in the native language.

About the authors

B V Gartvig

Samara State Technical University

Email: redwinter@rambler.ru
Department of Sociology, Political Science and Russian History

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Copyright (c) 2014 Гартвиг Б.В.

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