INGUSHETIA UNDER THE “WHITE” POWER: PECULIARITIES OF STATE BUILDING IN 1919 - EARLY 1920

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Abstract


The article is devoted to the state building on the territory of Ingushetia in 1919 - early 1920 in order to find out the essence of the national state policy of White Guards in the mountain regions of the North Caucasus.The article analyzes the relations of White Guard administration with representatives of the Ingush society, considers the reasons which induced general A.I. Denikin for the first time in the history of Russia to grant autonomy to Ingushetia, the essence of the Ingush autonomy which existed less than a year. The author examines the nature of the political regime functioning in Ingushetia during the described period, offers the explanation for the failures and crash of White Guard policy in this region. The carried-out analysis allows establishing that the heads of the “White” movement in the south of Russia sought to consider the interests of the mountain people, in particular, Ingush, providing them with broad internal self-government. However, inconsistency of the policy conducted by the Denikinets didn't allow creating a wide social base in the region that led to the crisis and falling of White Guard model of statehood in the region.

Sergey Aleksandrovich Oreshin

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: Oreshin12345@yandex.ru
Department of Russian History of XXth Century

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