CARLO ANDREA POZZO DI BORGO - A CORSICAN IN RUSSIAN SERVICE, WHO “SHAPED DESTINY OF FRANCE”

Abstract


The article is devoted to the study of the worldview and activities of Carlo Andrea Poz-zo di Borgo, the Russian diplomat of Corsican descent. The author considers such aspects as the role and infl uence of Pozzo di Borgo on the foreign policy of Russia in the early 19th cen-tury, on the evolution of the Russian social thought, in particular, its conservative direction.It is also imporant to analyze the very phenomenon of French emigration in Russia in the late 18th - early 19th centuries. The French revolution was an important stage of the Russian-French rapprochement. Despite the political and ideological confrontation between the revolutionary France and autocratic Russia, one can observe the development of huma-nitarian relations, intercultural contacts, etc., which was carried out largely due to the French emigrants in the Russian service.In the late 18th - early 19th centuries in Russia, at the invitation of Catherine II and later Paul I, there came a large number of French emigrants-royalists, who, when making an oath of loyalty to the monarchical regime, not only tetained their titles in Russia, but also got high positions in the government, property, position in the society etc. The diplomatic activities of Pozzo di Borgo is an example of such service to «the Second Homeland» - that is, Rus-sia. Pozzo di Borgo played an important role in resolving international issues of Europe after the Napoleoic wars, tried to implement the concept of a stable Europe, in which the primary role was played by the monarchical principles and the legitimacy of the authorities.The general conclusion of the article is the recognition of the contribution of Pozzo di Borgo not only to the settlement of the international issues related to the solution to Euro-pean problems after the Napoleonic wars, but also to the determination of Russia’s position in the world. In the context of the public policy debates that unfolded in Russia in 1830-1840, Pozzo di Borgo’s views played a key role in the evolution of the Russian conservative thought as well as the foreign policy course of Alexander I.


Elena V Linkova

Principal contact for editorial correspondence.
e.v.linkova@yandex.ru
Peoples` Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University) 6 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, Russia, 117198

Elena V. Linkova, PhD (in History), Associate Professor of the Department of Russian History at Peoples` Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University) (Moscow, Russia)

  • Vergé-Franceschi M. Pozzo di Borgo. L’ennemi juré de Napoléon.Paris: Editions Payot et Rivages; 2016.
  • Vergé-Franceschi M. Paoli : Un Corse des Lumières.Paris: Fayard; 2005.
  • Graziani A-M. Pascal Paoli. Père de la Patrie corse.Paris: Tallandier; 2002.
  • Bély L. Catherine II, Pascal de Paoli et l’Empire ottoman. La Corse, la Méditerranée et la Russie. Seizièmes Journées Universitaires d’Histoire maritime de Bonifacio. Mai 2014. Ajaccio, 2014: 49−60.
  • Cherkasov PP. Shpionskie i inye istorii iz arhivov Francii [Spyware and other stories from the archives of Russia and France]. Available at: fi ctionbook.ru/static/trials/11/ 97/85/11978529.a4.pdf (Date of access: 03.09.2017) (in Russian).
  • Bagni B. Les Russes en Corse. Etudes corses. Paris; 1995.
  • Mézin A, Rjéoutski V, eds. Les français en Russie au siècle des Lumières. Ferney-Voltaire: Centre internationald’étude du XVIIIe siècle; 2011; Vol. 1.
  • Rjéoutski V. La communauté francophone de Moscou sous le règne de Catherine II. Revue des études slaves. Paris; 1996: 445−461.
  • Poussou J.-P, Mézin A, Perret-Gentil Y, eds. L’influence française en Russie au XVIIIème siècle. Paris: Institutd’etudes slaves, Presseuniversité de Paris-Sorbonne; 2004.
  • Mezen A, Rzheutskij V. Francuzskajakolonija v Rossii XVIII v.: istochnikiiroblemissledovanija [French colony in Russia of XVIII century: sources and problems of research]. Otnoshenija mezhdu Rossiej i Franciej v evropejskom kontekste (v XVIII−XX vv.) [The Relations between Russia and France in the European context (in XVIII−XX centuries)]. Moscow: INIONRAN Publ.; 2002: 92−103 (in Russian).
  • Ado AV, Sirotkin VG, eds. Velikaja francuzskaja revoljucija I Rossija [The French revolution and Russia]. Moscow: Progress Publ.; 1989 (in Russian).
  • Rance K. L’historiographie de l’émigration. Les noblesses françaises dans l’Europe de la Révolution. Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes & Presse Universitaire Blaise- Pascal Rennes, Clermont-Ferrand; 2010: 355−368.
  • Tussjen I. Pocco di Borgo : Drugoj korsikanec. Chelovek, kotoryj nenavidel Napoleona [Pozzo di Borgo: Another Corsican. The man who hated Napoleon]. Moscow: Kriga Publ.; 2013 (in Russian).
  • Ordioni P. Pozzo di Borgo. Diplomate de l’Europe française.Paris: LibrairiePlon; 1935.
  • Shatobrian FR. Zamogil’nyezapiski [Sepulchral notes]. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo Sabashnikovyh Publ.; 1995 (in Russian).
  • Mestr Zh. de Peterburgskiepis’ma. 1803−1817 [The St. Petersburg letters. 1803−1817]. Saint-Peterbourg: INAPRESS Publ.; 1995 (in Russian).
  • Mestr Zh. de Chetyre neizdannye glavy o Rossii. Pis’ma russkomu dvorjaninu ob ispanskoj inkvizicii [Four unpublished chapters on Russia. Letters to a Russian gentleman on the Spanish Inquisition]. St-Peterbourg: Vladimir Dal’ Publ.; 2007 (in Russian).
  • Mil’china VA. Rossija i Francija. Diplomaty. Literatory. Shpiony [Russia and France. Diplomats. Writers. Spies]. St-Peterbourg: GIPERION Publ.; 2006 (in Russian).
  • Novikova LI, Sizemskaja IN, eds. Russkaja istoriosofi ja. Antologija [Russian historiosophy. Anthology]. Moscow: ROSSPEN Publ.; 2006 (in Russian).
  • Pypin AN. Panslavizm v proshlominastojashhem [Panslavism in past and present] Moscow: Granitsa Publ.; 2002 (in Russian).
  • Bonald LGA. Réfl exions sur l’intérét général de l’Europe, suivies de quelques considérations sur la noblesse. Paris, 1815. Available at: gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k206528/ f6.image.
  • Tjutchev FI. Polnoe sobranie sochinenij. Pis’ma. V 6-ti tomah [The Complete works. Letters. In 6 volumes] Moscow: Klassika Publ.; 2003: (3) (in Russian).
  • Aksakov IS. Otchego tak nelegko zhivetsja v Rossii? [Why is it so diffi cult to live in Russia?]. Moscow: ROSSPEN Publ.; 2002 (in Russian).
  • Berelovich VJa, ed. Otnoshenija mezhdu Rossiej I Franciej v evropejskom kontekste v XVIII–XX vv.) [Relations between Russia and France in the European context (in XVIII – XX centuries)] Moscow: INION RAN Publ.; 2002 (in Russian).
  • Vjazemskij PA. Starajazapisnajaknizhka. 1813−1877 [An Old notebook. 1813−1877]. Moscow: Zaharov Publ.; 2003 (in Russian).

Views

Abstract - 42

PDF (Russian) - 6


Copyright (c) 2017 Linkova E.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.