THE NEWSPAPER "RUSSIAN BULLETIN" ABOUT THE ROLE OF THE ZEMSTVO IN THE MODERNIZATION OF POST-REFORM RUSSIA (1870 S.)

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Abstract


This article analyzes the work of the newspaper "Russian bulletin". It was known in Russia as the organ of the liberal, non-partisan press in the mid-1870s. Newspaper united under the roof of the famous representatives of Russian liberal thought-economists and lawyers A.S. Posnikov, A.I. Chuprov, V.Y. Skalon. The purpose of the article - the study of the social and political situation of the newspaper and its role in the protection of liberal reformsin the first place - the protection of the zemstvo.The new qualitative stage in work of zemstvo was connected with development of statistics. Statistical researches allowed to solve more effectively local problems and highly lifted authority of zemstvo. For the 1870th the newspaper resolutely defended idea of democratization of zemstvo. Publicists of the newspaper considered that local authorities has to be released from under control of the nobility, serve interests of all groups. The newspaper considered means of democratization of local governments. "The Russian bulletin" resolutely supported association of zemstvo.The newspaper supported liberal tendencies of the government M.T. Loris-Melikov, also supported to him the address of "25 Moscow citizens". The program of the newspaper consisted in attractting to the solution of public problems of representatives of civil society.

Yana Viktorovna Taymasova

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Email: siriys80@mail.ru
Department of Russian History

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