Deepfakes: Prospects for Political Use and Threats to the Individual and National Security

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Abstract


The article analyzes the potential of using deepfake technologies for political purposes. It is noted that in the near future, deepfakes may affect various levels of public and political life and contribute to the spread of a wide range of threats: from reputational risks for celebrities and individuals, to the development of organized crime and problems of social stability and national security. The authors evaluate potential threats, prospects and main directions of state regulation of deepfake content in the broader context of political and legislative initiatives to counter the spread of disinformation and fake news.


About the authors

Vladimir G. Ivanov

RUDN University

Author for correspondence.
Email: ivanov_vg@pfur.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3650-5460
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russian Federation, 117198

Doctor of Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of State and Municipal Management

Yaroslav R. Ignatovskiy

Analytical Center PolitGeneration

Email: hindutime@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2006-4621
Ligovskiy prosp., 74, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191040

Political Consultant, General Director

References

  1. Ignatovskiy Y.R., Ivanov V.G. Deepfakes: gde nachinaetsja ugroza dlja lichnosti i nacional’noj bezopasnosti? [Deepfakes: Where Does the Threat to the Individual and National Security Begin?]. Politgen. 05.03.2020. URL: https://www.politgen.ru/analytics/reports/deepfakes-gde-nachinaetsya-ugroza-dlya-lichnosti-i-natsionalnoy-bezopasnosti/. Accessed: 02.05.2020 (In Russ.).
  2. Edelman Trust Barometer. 19.01.2020. URL: https://www.edelman.com/trustbarometer. Accessed: 02.05.2020.
  3. Waldrop M. Synthetic Media: The Real Trouble with Deepfakes. Knowable Magazine. 03.16.2020. URL: https://knowablemagazine.org/article/technology/2020/synthetic-media-real-trouble-deepfakes. Accessed: 02.05.2020.
  4. Fallis D. The Epistemic Threat of Deepfakes. Philosophy & Technology. 2020. doi: 10.1007/s13347-020-00419-2
  5. Tayseer M., Mohammad J., Ababneh M., Al-Zoube A., Elhassan A. Digital Forensics and Analysis of Deepfake Videos. 11th International Conference on Information and Communication Systems (ICICS). April 2020. doi: 10.1109/ICICS49469.2020.239493
  6. Qi H., Guo Q., Juefei-Xu F., Xie X., Ma L., Feng W., Liu Y., Zhao J. Deep Rhythm: Exposing Deep Fakes with Attentional Visual Heartbeat Rhythms. Proceedings of the 28th ACM International Conference on Multimedia. October 2020: 4318–4327. doi: 10.1145/3394171.3413707

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Copyright (c) 2020 Ivanov V.G., Ignatovskiy Y.R.

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