Все ли социалисты антирелигиозны? Антирелигиозность и «левые» в 21 стране Западной Европы (1990-2008 гг.)

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Аннотация


Политическая ситуация в Советском Союзе в течение двадцатого века привела некоторых исследователей к мнению, что социализм является своего рода «секулярной религией» как противоположной «нормальной» религии. Однако в современной Европе были яркие христианские социалистические движения. Данная статья рассматривает разные подходы социалистов к религии и отвечает на вопрос, что является причиной, по которой социалисты противостоят религии: давление религиозной активности или давление религиозной идентичности. Результаты многоуровневого анализа трех волн Исследования европейских ценностей (1990-2008) в 21 стране Западной Европы, в частности, указывают на увеличение антирелигиозных настроений со стороны социалистов в странах, отмеченных католической и православной религиозной идентичностью.

Эгберт Рибберинк

Egbert.Ribberink@soc.kuleuven.be
Лёвенский университет Бельгия

Петер Ахтерберг

p.achterberg@40uvt.nl
Университет Тилбурга Нидерланды

Дик Хаутман

Dick.Houtman@soc.kuleuven.be
Лёвенский университет Бельгия

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© Рибберинк Э., Ахтерберг П., Хаутман Д., 2016

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