Do is it necessary to resist to the evil by force? (on the foundation of humanistic policy)

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Abstract


In this research reveals possible variants of the correlation between violence and nonviolence in politics: especially Machiavelli's idea ( only the good political end justifies any means ), Machiavellianism ( the end justifies any means ), humanistic ( the good end can be achieved only by good methods ), and pacifist ( non-resistance to evil by force - L. Tolstoy) concepts. The basic difference between the specified variants of understanding the correlation between morality and politics in humanistic and pacifist version is established. In the article stresses that the pacifist non-resistant variant is immoral. Asserts that global problems, both international and domestic ones, can be solved only based on the humanistic nonviolence policy: nonresistance to evil by violence , which does not exclude resistance to evil by force and sometimes even requires it. Its principles revealed in the “axial time” suggested by the world religions and philosophy and developed by I. Kant, F. Dostoevsky, M. Gandhi, M.L. King, etc.

S A Nizhnikov

nizhnikovs@mail.ru
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

History of Philosophy Chair

References in Roman alphabet are in a PDF file of the article

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