Diet and lifestyle guidelines for prevention of cardiovascular disease and diabetes amog elderly persons

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Abstract


Elderly subjects have unique nutrient needs with revised recommended dietary reference intakes based on age, sex, ethnicity and special vulnerability to compromised nutrient status. The food intake tends to decrease with advancing age due to decreased physical activity and metabolic rate. However vitamin; A, E, C, B vitamins and beta-carotine and minerals magnesium, calcium, selenium, chromium, zinc and copper as well as w-3 fatty acids needs either remain constant or increase. Omega-3 fatty acid, calcium, vitamin D and magnesium and antioxidant intakes are inversely associated with ageing and other complications like cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and dementia as well as cancers. It is pertinent to advise to eat 400 g/day of fruits, vegetables and nuts and another 400 g/day of whole grains in conjunction with 25-40 g/day of canola oil or mustered oil, depending upon energy requirement, for prevention of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

R B Singh

Halberg Hospital and Research Institute

Email: drkk@dataone.in
Halberg Hospital and Research Institute

S M Chibisov

People's Friendship University of Russia

Email: kalcna@mail.ru
Кафедра общей патологии и патологической физиологии; Российский университет дружбы народов; People's Friendship University of Russia

V A Frolov

People's Friendship University of Russia

Email: rudnvestnik@yandex.ru, frolov@medl.rudn.ru
Кафедра общей патологии и патологической физиологии; Российский университет дружбы народов; People's Friendship University of Russia

S A Shastun

People's Friendship University of Russia

Email: sshastun@mail.ru
Кафедра нормальной физиологии; Российский университет дружбы народов; People's Friendship University of Russia

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Copyright (c) 2012 Сингх Р.Б., Чибисов С.М., Фролов В.А., Шастун С.А.

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