ENDOMETRITIS ULTRASOUND DIAGNOSIS: FEATURES OF BLOOD SUPPLY OF DIFFERENT MORPHOLOGICAL TYPES

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Abstract


Aim. Despite significant advances in modern gynecology, endometritis is often unrecognized, being the main reason leading to persistent infertility or repeated pregnancy loss. There are 3 morphological types of chronic endometritis: hyperplastic, hypoplastic and mixed. The aim of the study was to develop ultrasound signs and hemodynamic features of various morphological types of chronic endometritis. Matherials and Methods. A retrospective analysis of 162 patients of reproductive age (22-50 years old) diagnosed with endometritis was carried out. The comparison group consisted of 96 women 17-42 years old without gynecological pathology (P > 0.05). The study was conducted in the proliferative phase of the cycle up to 10 days. The hemodynamics of the uterus and endometrium was evaluated on the basis of Doppler blood flow parameters in the uterine arteries, the calculation of arterial perfusion index (API), vascularization index (VI) and flow index (FI) of the uterus and endometrium obtained by 3D Doppler. Results. Depending on the morphotype of endometritis, hemodynamic features were evaluated. It was revealed that in the hypoplastic type, to which patients are related with the ratio of the endometrial volume to the volume of the uterus less than 2.5%, there is a significant (P < 0.05) decrease API, as well as hypovascularization of the uterus. Hypervascularization of the uterus and endometrium was observed both with a mixed morphotype, when the ratio of the endometrial volume to the volume of the uterus was from 2.5 to 9.0%, and in the case of a hyperplastic morphotype, when the volume of the endometrium to the volume of the uterus exceeded 9.0%. AIP was no different from healthy women. Conclusions. Diagnosis of impaired blood supply to the uterus will allow reasonable treatment and restore the reproductive function of women.


About the authors

I. A. Ozerskaya

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: ozerskaya_usd@mail.ru
Moscow, Russia

G. G. Kazaryan

LLC Scientific and Practical Center for Minimally Invasive Surgery and Gynecology

Email: ozerskaya_usd@mail.ru
Moscow, Russia

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