No 1 (2016)

Articles
ZERO DETERMINATION AS A FEATURE OF ROMANTIC HERO(for example a poem “The song of a deadness shipper” by A.L. Polezhaev)
Ankudinov K.N.
Abstract
The article reveals a problem of hero in romantic text. Basic feature of a romantic hero is zero determination. Earlier philologists have demonstrated this feature as an example of epical romantic heroes. The article demonstrates a lyrical romantic text with the lyrical hero - tragically poem of Russian romantic poet Alexander Polezhaev “The song of the deadness shipper”, which has been written in 1828. This poem is distinct off the near of the thematic poem non-romantic poet Nikolay Jazykov “The shipper”. This poems reveal a conflict between “I” and “Non-I”. Hero in Jazykov’s poem is not zero determinated. Therefore, zero determinate gives romantic sense to the romantic hero.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):7-16
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THE THEME OF “DEATH - IMMORTALITY” IN M. VOLOSHIN’S POEMS OF THE 1900-th
Pinaev S.M.
Abstract
The poems of the first book of verse by M. Voloshin are analysed in terms of life and death, instant and eternity, philosophy of time, subtext and secret meaning. The cycle of little poems “When Time stops” is analysed. The main thing is the concept of “cave - space” in the sonnet “Grotto of Nymphs” set against antroposophic theory. The tie of the verse with the treatise of Greek thinker Porfiriy is traced. The sonnet is perceived as mystical project of poet’s fate.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):17-24
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MILESTONES OF THE FORMATION OF FRENCH SYMBOLISM AND ITS REFLECTION IN THE FRENCH CRITIQUE AT THE TURN OF THE ХХ CENTURY
Kuntsevich D.V.
Abstract
In this article, we provide a partial analysis of the theoretical manifests and some interviews of French symbolists based on the “Questionnaire on the evolution of literature” (Enquête sur l’évolution littéraire) by Huret J. These texts have never been translated from French into Russian before. The structure of this questionnaire presents some difficulties, however. As for instance, Mallarmé and Verlaine appear at the head of symbolists and decadents; Huysmans, who wrote “À rebours”, becomes a naturalist; as for Baju, he does not appear at all in the list. The work of Huret, and of symbolists rose numerous controversies. We tried to reflect the main milestones of the history of French symbolism, a literary trend at the end of the 19th century. The authors of this period tried to influence the mind and the moral senses of a person by the means of aesthetic emotions.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):25-35
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THE THEME OF THE DREAM IN THE LYRICS OF B.L. PASTERNAK: MYTHOPOETIC ASPECT
Zakroyeva G.A.
Abstract
The article considers the system of artistic hypnology in the lyrics of B. L. Pasternak. Detailed analysis from the point of view of mythopoetic be the group of poems in which the dream - plot motif. The selected poems are divided into three groups: 1) the dream is an omen or a source of new knowledge;the dream and the sleep, are part of the system of cosmogonic myth; 3) the motif of the dream as a call care to another reality. All poems are arranged in a system in which man is conceived with the Universe. The lyrical subject and the poet himself in this case appears as a demiurge, creating a consistent world of the universe in visions and poetic creativity. The dream - state, akin to poetic inspiration, but it is implemented in the state of wakefulness and hard work. In the dream, the lyrical subject gets a secret understanding about the world that after awakening embodies in poetic creativity.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):36-44
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THE ARTISTIC HERITAGE OF A.P. PLATONOV AND SEMANTIC AND AESTHETIC SEARCHES IN CONTEMPORARY RUSSIAN PROSE (A.N. VARLAMOV “THE SPIRITUAL WOLF”,A.V. IVANOV “FOUL WEATHER”)
Soldatkina Y.V.
Abstract
The article considers relevant for contemporary Russian literature subjects of aesthetic continuity and development of traditions of Russian prose of the Soviet period in the works of 2010s: the novels of A.N. Varlamov “The Spiritual Wolf” and A.V. Ivanov “Foul Weather” that scientifically analyzes for the first time. These texts are characterized by an appeal to the key motives and philosophical ideas expressed by A.P. Platonov - the problem of spiritual orphanage and attempts to overcome it, the need for social and moral transformation of a society experiencing a revolutionary upheaval. Сommon derivation: сontemporary writers taking after Platonov show how the temptation to accumulate wealth and change the world through violence is overcome by self-sacrifice and love for one’s neighbor; they explore national utopian consciousness and believe in the possibility of spiritual rebirth of an individual as well as the whole country. Platonov’s motifs productively influence the poetics of these works and expand their semantics.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):45-54
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DESTINATION OF ART: VARLAM SHALAMOV’S CONCEPT
Krotova D.V.
Abstract
In the article Varlam Shalamov’s ideas of the role and tasks of art and literature are analyzed, his conception of writer and poet’s moral duty is revealed. Proved that Shalamov’s creation is the organic continuation of specific directive of Russian literature, when the main tasks of the writer are the assertion of moral values and answer ethic questions - for Varlam Shalamov it is, in the first place, the question about conservation of personality in the inhuman conditions. Based the statement that in Varlam Shalamov’s creativity the traditional for Russian world outlook perception of literature as the central element of culture is continued. The author of the article supposes, how Varlam Shalamov’s ideas of mental significance of literature are adjusted with his well-known expressions that he does not believe in art. Shalamov denied the role of literature as a political instrument but acknowledged its indisputable value for moral consciousness of personality.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):55-62
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ARTISTIC UNIQUENESS OF M.A. BULGAKOV’S “A YOUNG DOCTOR’S NOTEBOOK”
Tang M.V.
Abstract
The article thoroughly describes the artistic uniqueness of M.A. Bulgakov’s one of the earliest works - “A young doctor’s notebook”. These series were inspired by writer’s own experience working as a country doctor in Nikolskoe. Seven stories are united not only by the narrator’s personality, but also by the time and place of the action. The single storyline, which connects all the stories, is the fate of a young doctor in a collision with the harsh historical reality. Bulgakov filled his short stories with different strokes, which are fragments of the medical practice for recently graduated young doctor. These fragments were able to create the whole vision of life for the intellectual hero living in a small village during the Revolution. The mosaic, multifaceted composition of works are some of the early characteristics attributed to the author.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):63-71
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THE RHETORIC STRUCTURE OF CHARLES DICKENS’ SKETCHES
Shuyskaya Y.V.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the Charles Dickens’ book “Sketches by Boz”, one of the first author’s books which collects the traits of journalism and literature. The hypothesis that Charles Dickens used for attracting and prolongation of audience’s attention the rhetoric tricks is analyzed in the article.The schemes of constructing the text which are used in the modern rhetoric are the generalization of the experience of successful texts and popular speeches, so Dickens could have used the composition schemes since he had the great experience of creating the court sketches and knew many variants of composition schemes and speech practice. The fact that he used these composition schemes helped his sketches to become popular and gave them the interest of key audience. The intuitive usage of these tricks was a great solution for the sketches firstly published one by one in periodical journals then came as a whole book.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):72-78
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MOTIVES OF “THE MANAVI MASNAVI” OF MOVLANA JALAL AD DIN RUMI IN THE RUSSIAN BOOKS FOR READING OF L.N. TOLSTOY
Nafise N.
Abstract
The article is devoted to “Alphabet”, the low-studied pedagogical work of Lev Tolstoy. The ancient Persian source of a plot of one of the stories of the Russian books for reading is established, the didactic orientation and features of language of children’s stories of Tolstoy and works Rumi is emphasized. The most popular work by Movlyana Jalal of ad-Din Mahomed Rumi is “Masnavi”. The name of Persian writer, thinker and world scientist Jalal of ad-Din Mahomed Rumi and the name of its book “Masnavi Manavi” are inseparably linked in the consciousness of readers. Article expands ideas of communication of the Russian literature with East literatures.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):79-83
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THE PROBLEM OF THE MODERN PERSON AND TRADITIONAL ART IN MODERN WORLD
Azizova A.O., Zholdasbekova B.U.
Abstract
In this article the problem of the modern person and traditional art in the modern world is considered. On the basis of the analysis T. Asemkulov’s work “Midday” and D. Amantaya “Flowers and books” the problem of loss and alienation of traditional culture in the field of dwelling of “a modern era” reveals.Focusing attention to images being the sacral center, so-called sacred values the author of article emphasizes skill of the artist who created shape of the modern person and “Adzhigerey’s pochvennik” remote from the contemporaries and the young writer Alisher dreaming to create the book of history. Both of them are followers of national spiritual tradition. If in T. Asemkulov’s prose the world of high traditional culture “leaves under water”, at D. Amantaya “time of literature consigns to the past”.In article the author gives examples which deeply open a problem of alienation of traditional culture and which draw a picture of cross-cultural dialogue and a civilization in prose of writers of the period of independence.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):84-90
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CRITICAL CONTROVERSY WITH A.I. SOLZHENITSYN AT THE PAGES OF “SYNTAX”
Denisenko A.V.
Abstract
The article reveals a controversy which took place at the pages of Russian Literary magazine “Syntax” at the middle of 1980-th between A.I. Solzhenitsyn and Russian intellectuals abroad. The magazine took a liberal position and defended a right of righters to express their own views on various facts about life in Soviet Union and abroad, among them the tasks of Russian Literature. The article presents a wide range of points of view of the critics of “Syntax” - from those expressed sharp criticism to the author of “The Archipelago Gulag”, reproaches against his “authoritarianism” to the recognition of relative rightness of “Vermont exile”.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):91-95
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THE INFLUENCE OF MEDIA CONVERGENCE PROCESS ON REDUCTION OF RADIO PROGRAMM LENGTHAND MINI-COLUMNS DEVELOPMENT
Baranova E.A.
Abstract
In summer - autumn 2014 the author, using the method of in-depth interview, conducted a survey among 10 people. They are authors of radio programs and top managers of Russian and foreign spoken radio stations. Among them are: S. Buntman, 1st deputy chief editor of “Echo of Moscow”; A. Svetenko, author and columnist, “The lessons of history” to “Vesti FM»; A. Rodionov, deputy chief editor of “Kommersant FM»; E. Serov, from 2008 to 2014 - General Producer of Radio “Star”; A. Shary, deputy director of the Russian service of Radio “Liberty” and representatives of other stations anonymity (their opinion, we have taken into account in data processing), as well as employees of production studios that produce programs for radiostations and know which of them there is a special demand.The author first asks the question of how the process of media convergence, which determines the development of modern mass media, especially affects the flow of spoken content on radio. We came to the conclusion that it has an impact on the reduction of radio program length, mini-columns development and is connected with the tendency to a strong fragmentation of the ether.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):96-103
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THE TELEVISION BRAND: AN ALGORITHM
Ulyura A.A.
Abstract
The article analyzes the key problems of formation of a television brand in the context of the systemic problems of media brand formation. On the Russian market there was a contradictory situation: the experts in strategic marketing weren’t actively applying the principles of a television brand, though there was a useful foreign experience, which remains unclaimed. To grow the domestic television on a new level author (Marketing Head of ZEE TV Russia channel) offers the adaptation of Western theories and practices taking into account the peculiarities of local TV viewing.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):104-111
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THE OCCURRENCE OF THE JEWISH PRESSIN THE EUROPEAN PRESS IN THE ХIХ-ХХ AS A BASIS OF FORMATION OF ISRAELI PRESS
Baskina E.S.
Abstract
The article is dedicated to occurrence of the Jewish press in Europe. Considers Jewish periodicals in European languages, Yiddish and Yebrew. Also the issue is addressed, it allows us to understand how there was a Jewish periodical press. The problem of religious and assimilation of the Jewish community and their reflection on the pages of Jewish periodicals were also given special view. At the turn of XIX- XX centuries publishers failed to go beyond the usual scopes and create a mass press, which aims primarily to inform and protect the interests of Jewish readers in society. The main problems of Jewish periodicals focus in the beginning of XX century, in the era of the formation of a new Jewish press in journalism. A departure from the strict orthodox press of religious dogma, poses on the Jewish press of that period, marked a new time of development and formation of press. In the social periodical Jewish press was evident professionalism of journalists and authors of published materials, in addition, scope issues are extended.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):112-117
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MULTIMEDIA STORY: PERCEPTION OF MASS AUDIENCE
Prasolova E.V.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the perception of the genre of journalistic multimedia stories. Having considered the basic features of the interaction of this genre with a mass audience in connection with the implementation of key features of journalism and journalistic text, as well as actual changes of the Russian language in the practice of journalism, the author comes to the conclusion that the effect of multimedia stories is significantly enhanced translates the problem of perception at a deeper level, which is not just getting information about the event, and the assimilation of the differently encoded meanings of the message.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):118-125
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“STONE” AND “PSYCHE”: NEW RESEARCH OF OSIP MANDELSTAM’S POETIC SEMANTICSReview of the book: Kikhney L.G. and Merkel E.V.Osip Mandelshtam: the philosophy of word and poetic semantics: monography. М.: Flinta publishers, 2013. 168 p
Gavrikov V.A.
Abstract
The review covers the monograph by L.G. Kikhney and E.V. Merkel “Osip Mandelstam: the philosophy of word and poetic semantics” which is devoted to Mandelstam’s linguistic philosophy and his individual semantic principal. The main goal is to study Mandelshtam’s interaction of his artistic texts and theoretical ideas concerning the philosophy of word and text as well as author’s and reader’s images. The monograph reveals Mandelstam’s poetic universe during its three development stages. As theoretical reflection in his articles and essays and artistic methods refer to different chronological frames, they inconsistently show Mandelstam’s dialectics of views on the author’s key poetic categories. In this paper the syntagmatic and paradigmatic evolution of notional complexes, complicated interaction of images and inspirations in Mandelstam’s works are described. The particular aspect of his artistic method lies in inclusive and associatively determined «flowing» of certain notional complexes into the others as well as in accumulation of morphologically different, but semantically identical structures.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):126-132
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JOURNAL-NEWSPAPER ACTIVITY A.V. ZHIGULIN(on materials of the writer’s archive)
Kolobov V.V.
Abstract
The paper first analyzes the professional activities of the greatest poet of the second half of the XX century, a native of Voronezh, a former prisoner of Stalin’s camps Anatoly Zhigulin (1930-2000) in the permanent staff of editors literary-artistic and public-political magazines «Podyem», «Druzhba narodov» and «Literaturnaya gazeta». Materials writer’s archive, A.V. Zhigulin’s (documents, diaries, workbooks and letters) received in 2011-2013 for permanent storage in the Voronezh literary Museum of I.S. Nikitin, and open up new, previously unknown pages of the life and work of the poet and the history of domestic journalism. Conclusions about the necessity of further study of the epistolary heritage of the famous writer.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):133-140
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REVIEW OF THE BOOK:Fedotov O.I. Between Mozart and Saliery (on the poetic talent of Nabokov): monography.M.: Flinta publishers; Nauka, 2014. 400 p
Verina U.Y.
Abstract
The review reflects the basic range of problems identified and resolved by professor O. Fedotov in the monograph “Between Mozart and Salieri (a poetic gift of Nabokov)”. It is emphasized the significance of scientific work, independence and validity of the author’s position, the value of the materials used in scientific research for the first time.
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):141-144
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PUBLICITY AS A PHENOMENON OF HUMAN ACTIVITYReview of the book: Barabash V.V., Bordyugov G.A. and Kotelenetz E.A. State Propaganda And Informational Wars; student book.Moscow: “AIRO-XXI” publishing house, 2015. 400 p
Ivanova E.A.
Abstract
This article is a review on the new book by V.V. Barabash, G.A. Bordyugov and E.A. Kotelenetz State Propaganda And Informational War s that was published at “AIRO-XXI” publishing house in 2015. The main goals of this review is to find answers to the questions: What makes this book different from some similar works?; How does propaganda relate to PR?; How this book might be used in teaching and training of specialists in the field of mass communication (especially, journalism and PR)?
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):145-150
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NAShI AVTORY
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism. 2016;(1):151-153
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