SOME FEATURES OF ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL NEWSPAPER IN RUSSIA

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Abstract


This paper shows the author’s results in studying the emergence and development of city newspapers and features of urban readership’s priorities in Russia in the 19th - beginning of the 20th century. Origin of Russian city dailies and weeklies nearly coincided with the end of formation of city estates, which took place in the first third of the 19th century. Social life democratizing of the end of the 1850s - the beginning of the 1860s served as catalyst of acceleration of information processes. Growth of education influenced the formation of city readership. During half a century development, city newspaper became multifunctional. It also performed as communication channel. Being a type of commercial enterprise, private newspaper often showed the ability to respond to civic needs of citizens notwithstanding the censorship. Such features became especially noticeable on the eve of the first Russian revolution in 1905 and establishment of the First State Duma in 1906. It was the qualitative result of evolution of city daily and urban public’s information priorities.


About the authors

T S Rodionov

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: tavto2014@yandex.ru
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 10/2, Moscow, Russia, 117198

Candidate of Philological sciences, Doctoral student of the Department of Mass Communications, Philological Faculty, RUDN University

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