Truncation in Korean Cyber Communication

Cover Page


The aim of the research work is to deliver a consistent patterns of truncation in the internet communication and the factors that initiate the truncation based on the Optimality Theory suggested by McCarthy and Prince 1995, McCarthy 2008. The tasks of the research are to review the types of truncation in Korean language, to make a detailed analysis of the overall processes of truncation based on analytical tool - the Optimality Theory. Truncated forms in Korean language are mainly observed in the Internet communication, but not in regular communication. There are three main types of truncation in the internet communication. This paper examines the patterns of truncation in internet communication and suggests the major factors triggering truncation and desyllabification. To this end, we employ the basic framework of Optimality Theory (McCarthy & Prince 1995, McCarthy 2008) as our tool of analysis. During the discussion, we invoke several major constrains and show how they interact to represent the surface realization of those new forms. First of all, two major constraints, Truncate-Weak and Recoveralility, indicate that morpho-phonologically weak elements can be truncated only if the original form or meaning can be recovered from the truncated ones. Beside these, the markedness constraints, *Off-glide, *CC, *VV, and *VhV, interact with the faithfulness constraints, such as Max-Initial and Max-σ, in which the markedness constraints are ranked higher than the faithfulness constraints. In any morphological changes the main constraint is RECOVERABILITY. It is also shown that the same analytical method applies to the truncation in English loanwords as well.

About the authors

Kyunney Grigor'evna Egorova

North-Eastern Federal University

Belinskogo str., 58, Yakutsk, Russia, 677000 Institute of Foreign Philology and Regional Studies

- Ahn San Chol

North-Eastern Federal University

Belinskogo str., 58, Yakutsk, Russia, 677000 Institute of Foreign Philology and Regional Studies


  1. Ahn Sang-Cheol. 2010. Korean Phonology. London: EAP.
  2. Beckman Jill N. 1997. Positional Faithfulness. Doctoral dissertation, University of Massachusetts.
  3. Crystal David. 2001. Language and the Internet. Cambridge University Press.
  4. Crystal David. 2008. Txtng: The Gr8 Db8. Oxford University Press.
  5. Crystal David. 2010. Internet Linguistics. London: Routledge.
  6. Jeon Byung-yong. 2002. 통신언어의 음운론적 특성에 대한 연구-대화방 언어를 중심으로. Hanguk Eoneo Munhwa (Korean Language and Culture) 21:251-274, 한국언어문화학회. Hanguk Eoneo Munhwa Hakhoe.
  7. Kager René. 1999. Optimality Theory. Cambridge University Press.
  8. Lee Jeong-bok. 2003. 인터넷 통신언어의 이해 (Understanding Internet Languages). Wolin.
  9. Lee Jeong-bok. 2005. 사회언어학으로 인터넷 통신언어 분석하기 (Analyzing Internet languages in sociolinguistcs). Hangukeohak (Korean Linguistics) 27, 37-79. Hangukeo Hakheo.
  10. Lee Jeong-bok. 2009. 인터넷 통신언어의 확장과 한국어 연구의 확대 (Expansion of Internet-mediated languages and Korean language studies). Sothong.
  11. Lee, Jeong-bok. 2012. 스마트폰 시대의 통신 언어 특징과 연구 과제 (Usages, research trends, and challenges of net-language in the smart-phone era). The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea 20: 1, 177-211.
  12. Lee Ju-Hee. 2010. Tongsin eoneouy phyogiwa eumunjeok theukseong (A Study of Phonological features and orthography in computer mediated language). Linguistic Research 27.1: 1-18.
  13. Lee Ju-Hee and Sunwoo Park. 2012. 한국어 문자메시지의 표기와 특성: 20대 대학생을 중심으로 (A study of writing styles and characteristics of Korean text messages: With reference to university students). Studies in Phonetics, Phonology and Morphology 18:1, 131-161.
  14. McCarthy John and Alan Prince. 1995. Faithfulness and reduplicative identity. University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers 18: Papers in Optimality Theory, 249-384.
  15. McCarthy John. 2008. Doing Optimality Theory. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  16. Oh, Mira. 2003. A correspondence-theoretic account of truncation. Korean Journal of Linguistics 28. 4, 629-650.
  17. Park Cheol-Ju. 2006. PC 통신언어 명사의 음운론적 연구. Gukeo Gyoyuk (Korean Language Education) 119: 457-486, 한국어교육학회 (The Society of Korean Language Education).
  18. Partridge Eric. 1942. Dictionary of Abbreviations. London: George Allen and Unwin.
  19. Shi Chung-Kon. 2006. 사이버 언어의 조어법 연구 (A study on word-formation patterns in cyber language). Hangukeohak (Korean Linguistics) 31: 215-243, Hangukeo Hakheo.
  20. Song Min-Kyu. 2004. 사이버언어 사전과 사이버언어의 현재 (A dictionary of cyberlanguage and a present condition of cyberlanguage). Hangukhak Yeongu (Korean Studies) 20: 107-126. Center for Korean Studies, Korea University.
  21. Song, Min-Kyu. 2007. 가상공간의 신어연구 (A Study on the New Words in Cyber-space). Doctoral dissertation, Korea University.



Abstract - 1049

PDF (Russian) - 123


Copyright (c) 2016 Егорова К.Г., Ан Сан Чоль -.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies