No 1 (2015)

ARTICLES
BY THE 55 TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE RUSSIAN PEOPLES' FRIENDSHIP UNIVERSITY
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(1):5-8
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MIKHAIL BAKUNIN AND HIS IDEAS IN THE GERMAN ANARCHISIC PRESS IN THE FIRST THIRD OF 20 TH CENTURY
Zhukova N.A.
Abstract
The object of research of the article is five German anarchistic newspapers and journals of the first third of 20 th century. The purpose of this article is to find out specifics of the perception of Mikhail Bakunin’s ideas among the part of German society. The analysis allowed determining general trends, stages of the German anarchistic press and showing the difference of views on Bakunin’s theory depending on period. The author of the article concludes that the interest in Russian anarchist study among German authors was stable during the first third of 20 th century. Before the First World War the name of Bakunin was used for propaganda of active revolutionary movement. After 1918 he was the main critic of centralism and Marxism. German authors appreciated positively theories of Bakunin and try to find in his works answers for contemporary problems; he was for them an ideal revolutionary, who was always ready for struggle, for leading the way and who can inspire the other people.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(1):9-20
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MISCELLANY “VEKHI” IN THE CONTEXT OF PUBLIC DEBATE ON WAYS OF RUSSIA’S DEVELOPMENT: EXPERIENCE OF INTROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS
Bagdasarian V.E., Resnyansky S.I.
Abstract
The authors restore the socio-political context of criticism of the intelligentsia in the miscellany “Vekhi” ("Signposts" in translation). It was published in 1909 in Moscow and represented a collection of articles of Russian philosophers of the early XXth century on Russian intelligentsia and its role in the history of Russia. The article reconstructs the social and political context of intellectuals’ criticism in the miscellany “Signposts”. The authors examine the reaction of different ideological groups to the appearance of that book, trace internal ideological discrepancies between the miscellany’sauthors.The authors expose the revision of the settled view of the collection as a mouthpiece of the Black-Hundred party or Cadets ideology, indicating that its conceptual content allows to talk largely about its anti-Cadet orientation. The article highlights some ideas that united the authors of the collection, but deny their common theoretical positions.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(1):21-42
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V.I. KHARLAMOV AND FORMATION OF MODERN HISTORIOGRAPHY OF RIGHT-WING POPULISM
Mokshin G.N.
Abstract
The article deals with the formation process of modern historiography ofliberal populism in the 1870-1890s and analyzes historian V.I. Kharlamov’scontributionto the study of kulturnichestvo of populist reformers.The author considers the main provisions of the concept of "liberal" populism proposed by Kharlamov, traces its evolution in the context of domestic populism studies in the 1980s - the first half of the 1990s, establishes the influence of his work on the authors of the first monographs in the mid-1990s devoted to the history of the right-wing populism. Particular attention is paid to the development of Kharlamov’s first evidence-based periodization of the history of liberal populism, the conceptual apparatus ("liberal" and "legal" populism, "kulturnichestvo of populism")proposed by him, as well as his analysis of the views of the leading theorists of the right populism headed by I.I. Kablits-Yuzov. The author concludes that Kharlamov’sattempts to study the process of the birth and evolution of the liberal trend of populism, based on the peculiarities of its ideologists’ worldview, had a considerable influence on the formation of the modern approach to the study of the history of the right-wing populism.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(1):43-57
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THE ROLE OF INSTITUTIONS ASSISTANT BARRISTER IN THE HISTORY OF RUSSIAN ADVOCACY
Rubinstein D.V.
Abstract
The article analyzes the activities of assistant barristers and their role in the history of the Russian Bar system. In particular, the author proves the proposition that in practice assistant barristers were an independent part of the Bar system. They were both jurors and members of private attorney institutions. In this regard, the article describes the main activities of St. Petersburg Council of barristers concerning assistant barristers, in particular their status, legal education, forms of control of their daily practice, etc. Simultaneously, the author pays special attention to the analysis of the creation and improvement of the legal base for assistant barristers’ activities. In the author’s opinion, it was done up to 1917. Particular attentionis paid to the work of the Commission of assistant barristers related to establishing and holding legal conferences at which there were delivered lectures and discussed essays on various topical issues of law practice.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(1):58-68
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EVERYDAY LIFE IN CAMPS FOR DISPLACED PERSONS IN GERMANY (ON PERSONAL MEMOIRS OF THEIR INHABITANTS)
Kotova T.A.
Abstract
The object of the research of the article is to reveal the main lines of everyday life in camps for displaced persons on the example of such camps as Fyussen, Kempten and Shlayskhaym, located in Germany. The author reveals thepeculiarities of the structure of the camps, household, cultural and spiritual life. The article is written on the basis of memoirs of contemporaries of that time, inhabitants of camps DPs I. N. Koren, V. Gashurova, O. Bezradetskaya-Astromova, I. Hrapunov, I. Savostina and others. The author concludes that in the camps for displaced persons there was active life, but not without difficulties. Despite various problems, in DP camps there was cultural life, various sporting and game events; inhabitants of camps spent leisure time by participating in theatrical and scout circles, ballet troupes. An important role in people’sadaptation to difficult conditions of accommodation in camps was played by publishing activities and the Church which helped people to survive financially and spiritually.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(1):69-80
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SOME ASPECTS OF FORMATION OF FINANCIAL-INDUSTRIAL GROUPS IN RUSSIA IN 1990S
Lutoshkin S.A.
Abstract
The article examines the main stages of the financial-industrial groups formation in Russia in the 1990s, analyzes the main premises of these forms of association in the industrial and financial sectors, as well as the mechanism of their creation under conditions of the transitional market economy. The study revealed the main forms of financial and industrial groups in Russia and the fact that they had a national specificity. The author concludes that the distinctive feature was the formation of Russian business groups mostly from the former nomenklatura and Komsomol workers on the basis of pre-existing material base, which largely contributed to their rapid transformation into large concerns. The state did not prevent the creation of industrial and financial corporations, because of receiving financial support in the form of replenishment of the state budget through tax revenues and revival of production through investments in illiquid corporate enterprises.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(1):81-90
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TRANSPORT PROBLEM AND ITS SOLUTION IN THE METROPOLIS - AN EXAMPLE OF MOSCOW AND NEW YORK: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
Mironova A.V.
Abstract
In the article the author explores the problems of public transport and traffic congestion in the two largest cities of the world - Moscow and New York, analyzes the proposed solutions in both cities, especially congestion pricing used to restrain traffic in New York, and the activities of Russian non-profit public organization Probok.net. The analysis of transport solutions of the world's largest metropolises - Moscow and New York showed that the authorities of these cities, despite the objective difficulties of transport, made an efficient transport system that fully provides for the needs of citizens within the city boundaries. Thanks to the efforts of the authorities of both Moscow and New-York, many priority types of modern transport systemshave been developed, while they are constantly updated and improved. Common to the Moscow and New York authorities were care of townspeople, the pursuit of diversity and enrichment of transport systems, timely decisions of smooth functioning of all kinds of public transport. Transportation problems could be successfully resolved by the common interest, as it is clearly seen in the comparative analysis of transport solutions in Moscow and New York.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(1):91-101
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BILATERAL COOPERATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN IN ECONOMIC SPHERE
Sagindikov R.E.
Abstract
The article discusses the main directions of the bilateral Russia-Kazakhstan cooperation after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the creation of the Commonwealth of Independent States, which are based on the joint agreement “on Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance” between the Republic of Kazakhstanand the Russian Federation, as well as a number of other treaties and agreements. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the preparation and holding of the forum of interregional cooperationof the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan, which have been held annually since 2003. Within them there are discussed and resolved many problems of trade and economic cooperation, and there are made proposals and projects designed for the prospects of the bilateral cooperation between the two countries. As a result, as it is shown in the article on the specific facts, Russia and Kazakhstan have laid a solid foundation of bilateral relations in the spirit of strategic partnership on the basis of political and economic contacts and legal framework.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(1):102-111
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CLAUDIUS PASKHALOV IN THE CONTEXT OF HISTORICAL FATES OF RUSSIAN CONSERVATISM
Resnyansky S.I.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the general characteristics of journalist practice of Claudia Paskhalov. He was a Russian conservative person who lived in the early 20 th century and whose ideas were presented in an extremely distorted form. The author examines the early articles of K. Paskhalov, reveals his basic views, compares them with the ideas of Russian liberalism, drawsparallels with the general attitudes of Russian conservatism and its historical destiny up to the present time. Also, it is shown that the main Paskhalov’s proposals to overcome Russian socio-political crisis were not the expansion of rights and freedoms on which his ideological opponents insisted, but the increase of the degree of responsibility at all levels of society and public service. In conclusion, the author states that public interest in conservative ideas and approaches in the Russian society and historical science is cyclic.
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(1):112-119
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DISSERTATION COUNCIL D212.203.03 OF PEOPLES` FRIENDSHIP UNIVERSITY OF RUSSIA IN THE 2 ND HALF OF 2014
Kozmenko V.M., Kryazheva-Kartseva E.V.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(1):120-123
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OUR AUTHORS
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of Russian History. 2015;(1):124-125
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