Method of computational models of resistance for reinforced concrete

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Based on a comprehensive analysis of the experimental studies from the standpoint of their convergence with the theoretical solutions, the computational models of resistance (CMR) of reinforced concrete are proposed. These models include CMR1 - modeling of normal cracks, CMR2 - modeling of inclined cracks, CMR3 - modeling of diagonal cracks, CMR4 - modeling of intersecting cracks in the wall, CMR4* - modeling of cracks in a flat slab, and CMR5 - modeling of spatial cracks in torsion with bending, CMR5* - modeling of spatial cracks in bending with transverse force. Also, a hierarchy of computational models of the second and third levels is proposed. The distribution of intensity of working reinforcement along the cross-section of the calculated element was obtained in an analytical form by creating closed equations of blocks, corresponding to the blocks of the reinforced concrete element under the condition of equality to zero of partial derivatives of the Lagrange function to determine the maximum crack opening width. It is considered the effect proposed by the author on the additional deformation impact of the reaction “concrete - reinforcement” from the discontinuity of concrete during the formation of the crack by means of a special model of the two-cantilever element of fracture mechanics. Hypotheses about the distribution of linear and angular deformations during cross-section with account of gradients of deformations caused by formation of cracks were formulated for a complex-stressed element subjected to torsion with bending. Crack opening is defined as mutual displacements of reinforcement and concrete, taking into account deformation. The consolidation of substructures in the building system is performed by the method of initial parameters.

About the authors

Vladimir I. Kolchunov

National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering; Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Physics of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5075-1134

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, corresponding member of the RAACS, Department of Engineering Graphics and Computer Modeling, National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering; chief researcher, Scientific and Research Institute of Construction Physics, Russian Academy of Architecture and Construction Sciences

Moscow, Russian Federation


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Copyright (c) 2023 Kolchunov V.I.

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