# Modern interpretation of Saint-Venant’s principle and semi-inverse method

## Abstract

Relevance. The progressive development of views on the Saint-Venant formulated principles and methods underlying the deformable body mechanics, the growth of the mathematical analysis branch, which is used for calculation and accumulation of rules of thumb obtained by the mathematical results interpretation, lead to the fact that the existing principles are being replaced with new, more general ones, their number is decreasing, and this field is brought into an increasingly closer relationship with other branches of science and technology. Most differential equations of mechanics have solutions where there are gaps, quick transitions, inhomogeneities or other irregularities arising out of an approximate description. On the other hand, it is necessary to construct equation solutions with preservation of the order of the differential equation in conjunction with satisfying all the boundary conditions. Thus, the following aims of the work were determined: 1) to complete the familiar Saint-Venant’s principle for the case of displacements specified on a small area; 2) to generalize the semi-inverse Saint-Venant’s method by finding the complement to the classical local rapidly decaying solutions; 3) to construct on the basis of the semi-inverse method a modernized method, which completes the solutions obtained by the classical semi-inverse method by rapidly varying decaying solutions, and to rationalize asymptotic convergence of the solutions and clarify the classical theory for a better understanding of the classic theory itself. To achieve these goals, we used such methods , as: 1) strict mathematical separation of decaying and non-decaying components of the solution out of the plane elasticity equations by the methods of complex variable theory function; 2) construction of the asymptotic solution without any hypotheses and satisfaction of all boundary conditions; 3) evaluation of convergence. Results. A generalized formulation of the Saint-Venant’s principle is proposed for the displacements specified on a small area of a body. A method of constructing asymptotic analytical solutions of the elasticity theory equations is found, which allows to satisfy all boundary conditions.

## Full Text

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### Evgeny M. Zveryaev

Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics; Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: zveriaev@mail.ru

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, senior researcher of Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Professor of Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University)

4 Miusskaya Sq, Moscow, 125047, Russian Federation; 4 Volokolamskoe Highway, Moscow, 125993, Russian Federation

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