Institutional Foundations of Intraparty Coalitions in Presidential Systems: Case of Uruguay

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The article analyzes the institutional foundations of the emergence and functioning of the major party factions in Uruguay and their influence on maintaining the stability of the presidential regime. The Uruguayan parties are historically characterized by fragmentation and consist of many ideologically diverse movements, which allows us to view them as coalitions. The factions competing among themselves for the influence on the political agenda ultimately form the party’s common strategy. Coalition tendency within parties is largely determined by the peculiarities of the electoral system established in Uruguay. The elected president with a broad mandate, being a representative of his faction, must build coalition relations with other factions of his party, giving them various concessions in the executive branch. Based on the factors considered, the author concludes that the electoral characteristics of the Uruguayan political system create the necessity for coalitions among party factions, thus affecting the stability of presidential rule.

About the authors

Arseny Y. Varshavsky

Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University) under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.

PhD candidate of Comparative Politics Department, MGIMO University, Attaché at the Russian Embassy in Nicaragua

76, Vernadskogo Av., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119454


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