Cover Page

Cite item


Studies of political systems and political processes in the post-Soviet states of the Central Asian region are based, as a rule, on institutional and neo-institutional concepts. Attempts to mechanically apply certain ready-made western description schemes and even the corresponding conceptual apparatus to the Central Asian material rarely lead to convincing results. Many important factors affecting the political development of the region remain beyond research. By the beginning of the 2010s institutionalization and pluralization of the political space outside state control also included the development of the necessary legislative framework. Such a framework implies the consolidation of the legal basis for the creation and effective functioning of public associations and organizations, and the formation of legitimate and viable representation institutions. Russian authors are much more familiar with the material of the political reality of the CAR, therefore they give more balanced and accurate assessments. The disadvantage of Russian studies is the fact that, methodologically, they follow the approaches developed by Western political science. This encourages one to concentrate on some aspects of the political development of the Central Asian states and to underestimate or even completely ignore other, no less, and sometimes much more significant ones. In recent years, this deficiency is gradually being replenished. The findings of the researchers are becoming more objective, which helps to overcome erroneous political decisions and strengthen interstate cooperation. Over time, such studies will have the results of the development of new systematic and well-reflected approaches, adequate to the subject of political science studies.

About the authors

Irlan Zh Iskakov

University Associated with the IA EAEC

Author for correspondence.

PhD in Law, Rector of the University Associated with the IA EAEC

St. Petersburg, Russian Federation


  1. Burdakov D. The Results of the Elections in Kyrgyzstan: Parliament of Oligarchs in Turbulence. RIAC. 02.11.2015. Available from: itogi-vyborov-v-kyrgyzstane-parlament-oligarkhov-v-usloviyakh/. Accessed: 11.12.2018.
  2. Burdakov D. To Assemble a Rubik's Cube: The Political Transformation of Kyrgyzstan. RIAC. 17.11.2016. Available from: Accessed: 11.12.2018.
  3. Kadyrov S.H. “Nation” of Tribes. Ethnic Origins, Transformation and Prospects of Statehood in Turkmenistan. Moscow: Center for civilizational and regional studies of IA RAS; 2003. 362 p.
  4. Kadyrov S.H. Oath on “Blood”. Ethnology of Nation-Building. Moscow: IFECAS; 2016. 186 p.
  5. Kazantsev A. Post-Soviet Turkmenistan: Unknown Present and Uncertain Future. RIAC. 09.02.2017. Available from: postsovetskiy-turkmenistan-maloizvestnoe-nastoyashchee-i-neo/. Accessed: 11.12.2018.
  6. Kazantsev A. Central Asia: Regional Development Trends. RIAC. 10.07.2013. Available from: Accessed: 11.12.2018.
  7. Knyazev A.A. Vectors and Paradigms of Kyrgyz Independence (Essays on Post-Soviet History). Bishkek: A. Knyazev Public Foundation; 2012: 8—14.
  8. Kurtov A. Ulcers of the Middle Ages in the Constitutional Systems of Central Asia. Fergana. 17.10.2006. Available from: Accessed: 11.12.2018.
  9. Lukyanov G. Kyrgyzstan: “Island of Democracy” before the Challenge of Effective Governance. RIAC. 23.06.2017. Available from: kyrgyzstan-ostrov-demokratii-pered-vyzovom-effektivnogo-upravleniya/. Accessed: 11.12.2018.
  10. Markedonov S. Escape from Geography: Why Democratization Does Not Work in the PostSoviet Space. Eurasian studies. 27.08.2018. Available from: archives/9853. Accessed: 11.12.2018.
  11. Omarov N.M. Kyrgyz Republic: Initial Conditions of Transformation. Political process in Central Asia: Results, Problems, Prospects. Moscow: RAS Institute of Oriental studies; 2011: 204—234.
  12. Collins K. Clan Politics and Regime Transition in Central Asia. N.Y.: Cambridge University Press; 2009. 376 p. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511510014.
  13. Luong P. The Transformation of Central Asia: States and Societies from Soviet Rule to Independence. Itaca and L.: Cornell University Press; 2004. 332 p.
  14. Sultanistic Regimes. Ed. by H.E. Chehabi, J.J. Linz. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press; 1998. 284 p.
  15. Wittfogel K.A. Oriental Despotism; A Comparative Study of Total Power. New Haven: Yale University Press; 1957. 570 p.
  16. Wittfogel K.A. Results and Problems of the Study of Oriental Despotism. The Journal of Asian Studies. 1969; Vol. 28; 2: 357—365.

Copyright (c) 2019 Iskakov I.Z.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies