Theoretical aspects of identyifying legal personality of artificial intelligence: cross-national analysis of the laws of foreign countries

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Research analyzes the issues of determining the legal status of artificial intellect. As artificial intellect (AI) systems become more sophisticated and play an increasingly important role in society, the arguments that they should have some form of legal personality are becoming increasingly relevant. The research argues that most legal systems could create a new category of legal persons. The issues of innovative trends in law enforcement practice are also in the focus as well as the issues of establishing general provisions on liability for criminal acts committed due to technical failures of artificial intelligence without the presence of anthropogenic participation and intervention. The article presents the results of the relevance of philosophical-legal and ontological analysis not only to a state, but also to the prospective future modifications of artificial intelligence. It outlines the results of a comparative analysis of the laws regulating artificial intelligence in a number of foreign countries along with the results of a retrospective analysis of some historical stages in the development of legal regulation of artificial intelligence.

About the authors

Kamilla S. Musina

Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
post-graduate student of the Department of Theory of Law and State, Law Institute 6 Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation


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