Cover Page

Cite item


The holding of joint exercises is one of the forms of cooperation in the South-South format. It contributes to strengthening military-political ties between the countries of the Global South and ensuring security in the key regions. An example is IBSAMAR, a joint naval exercise involving the Indian, Brazilian and South African Navies. The emergence of a new geopolitical construct (the Indo-Pacific region) and the growth of its popularity in the Indian expert and political community make it necessary to rethink the place of IBSAMAR in India’s security system. The article analyzes the main imperatives that induce India to participate in this format: the desire to maintain dominance in the Western Indian Ocean and involve the countries of East Africa in its foreign policy orbit, to ensure the security of one of the strategic “choke points” to the Indian Ocean, the intention to strengthen ties with South Africa and Brazil, taking into account the need to ensure the security of movement of goods (especially hydrocarbons) through the South Atlantic and to demonstrate its independence and multi-vector nature of its external policy. Analyzing the proposals of Indian experts on the possible expansion of the IBSAMAR format and the creation on its basis of a regional security structure, the author comes to the conclusion that it is impossible to implement them without a radical change in the Indian external strategy. At the same time, the experience gained in the holding of IBSAMAR can be in demand within the framework of security cooperation in the Russia-India-China format.

About the authors

Alexey Vladimirovich Kupriyanov

Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations

Author for correspondence.
Email: a.kupriyanov@imemo.ru

PhD in History, Researcher at the Sector of International Organizations and Global Political Regulation, Department of International Political Problems, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations of RAS, Russian Federation


  1. Abdenur, A.E., Folly, M., Moura, K, Jordão, S.A.S. & Maia, P. (2014). The BRICS and the South Atlantic: Emerging arena for South—South cooperation. South African Journal of International Affairs. 21 (3). 303—319. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10220461.2014.972442.
  2. Bhojwani, D. (2016). Latin America and the Caribbean on India’s Map. In: Modi and the World: The Ring View Inside Out. Ed. by Y. Chowdhury, A.D. Chowdhury. New Delhi: Bloomsbury, p. 266—271.
  3. Brazil is a rising center of economic and political influence. (2008). Moscow: ILA RAS. (in Russian).
  4. Brewster, D. (2014). India’s Ocean: the story of India’s bid for regional leadership. London:Routledge.
  5. Flemes, D. & Vaz, A.C. (2011). Security Policies of India, Brazil and South Africa — Regional Security Contexts as Constraints for a Common Agenda. GIGA Working Paper No. 160. URL: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1780208 (accessed 31.05.2018).
  6. Ghimire, S. (2018) Rising powers and security: a false dawn of the pro-south world order? Global Change, Peace & Security, 30 (1), 37—55. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14781158.2018.1431878.
  7. Ghosh, P.K. (2015). Evolving Indian Ocean governance architecture: an Indian perspective. Journal of the Indian Ocean Region, 11 (2), 236—255. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19480881. 2015.1077546.
  8. Hedrick, B.K. (2009). India’s Strategic Defense Transformation: Expanding Global Relationships. US Strategic Studies Institute. URL: http://ssi.armywarcollege.edu/pdffiles/pub950.pdf (accessed 31.05.2018).
  9. Kornegay Jr. F.A. (2006). IBSA: Toward a ‘Gondwanan’ strategic vision. Synopsis, 8 (2), 11—14. URL: https://www.africaportal.org/documents/2415/Syn8_2_Jun2006.pdf (accessed 22.07.2018).
  10. Kornegay, Jr. F.A. (2012). South Africa and SADC in the Indian Ocean maritime security equation. Journal of the Indian Ocean Region, 8 (1), 71—89. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19480881. 2012.683629.
  11. Kornegay Jr. F.A. (2015). South Africa and the global South in critical perspective: 1994—2014. In: South African Foreign Policy Review. Vol. 2. Ed. by L. Masters, S. Zondi, J.-A. van Wyk& C. Landsberg. Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa. p. 231—252.
  12. Mann, B.S. (2017). Changing Dynamics of India’s Indian Ocean Policy. Maritime Affairs: Journal of the National Maritime Foundation of India, 13 (2), 11—22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/ 09733159.2017.1410937.
  13. Ogden, C. (2017). China and India: Asia’s Emergent Great Powers. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  14. Öniş, Z. & Gençer, A.S. (2018). Democratic BRICS as role models in a shifting global order: inherent dilemmas and the challenges ahead. Third World Quarterly, 1—21. DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1080/01436597.2018.1438185.
  15. Singh, A. (2015). IBSA trilateralism and Southern oceans' security — evaluating India’s strategic responses. Journal of the Indian Ocean Region, 11 (2), 205—219. DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1080/19480881.2015.1072297
  16. Singh, B. & Verma, N. (2015). India’s Needs and Naval Capabilities: A Symbiotic Relationship. Journal of Asian Security and International Affairs, 2 (1), 52—74. DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.1177/2347797014565294
  17. Stuenkel, O. (2015). India—Brazil—South Africa Dialogue Forum (IBSA): The rise of the global South? London: Routledge.
  18. The India—Brazil—South Africa Trilateral Dialogue Forum at 10 Years: Reflections and looking ahead. (2013). Institute for Global Dialogue. URL: http://www.igd.org.za/jdownloads/ IGD%20Reports/ibsa_report.pdf (accessed 31.05.2018).
  19. Trinity of the South: Potential of India—Brazil—South Africa (IBSA) Partnership. (2008). New Delhi: Academic Foundation.
  20. Vaz, A.C. (2015). Brazilian approaches to maritime security cooperation in IBSA and the prospects for an Atlantic—Indian maritime security governance. Journal of the Indian Ocean Region, 11 (2), 170—183. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19480881.2015.1067382.
  21. Vreÿ, F. (2017). A Blue BRICS, Maritime Security, and the South Atlantic. Contexto Internacional, 39 (2), 351—371. doi: 10.1590/s0102-8529.2017390200008.
  22. Wapmuk, S. (2012). Bilateral Trade and Investment Relations between Nigeria and India. Africa Review, 4 (2), 122—135. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09744053.2012.782954.

Copyright (c) 2018 Kupriyanov A.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies