Study of interaction of xenobiotics with macrophytes in experimental aquatic ecosystems

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Abstract

Phytotoxicity of three types of organic xenobiotics (ethyl acetate, butanol-1, tetrachloromethane) was evaluated when three macrophyte species Ceratophyllum demersum , Elodea canadensis , Chara fragilis were exposed. Pollutant concentrations of 5 and 10 MAC (maximum allowable concentration) were created in microcosms. Incubation lasted for 14 days. New information was obtained experimentally that C. fragilis macrophyte is a highly sensitive test object, which can be used for bioindication purposes. Xenobiotics had no toxic effects on E. canadensis , so it can be considered for phytoremediation purposes. The data obtained are necessary for the development of phytotechnologies for water purification. A number of conditions under which these plant species can be used for ecotechnology are shown.

About the authors

Vladislav A. Poklonov

International Independent Eсological and Politological University

Email: warvir@rambler.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2722-7283

Candidate of Biological Sciences, Head of the Laboratory of Water Treatment, Water Purification and Environmental Monitoring of Water Bodies

23 Varshavskoye Shosse, Moscow, 117105, Russian Federation

Viktor V. Glebov

Russian State Agrarian University - Timiryazev Moscow Agricultural Academy

Email: vg44@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3390-161X

Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Ecology

49 Timiryazevskaya St, Moscow, 127550, Russian Federation

Danara A. Askarova

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: danara.84@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1594-7622

Candidate of the Department of Forensic Ecology with a Course in Human Ecology, Institute of Environmental Engineering

6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Victoria V. Erofeeva

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: erofeeva-viktori@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0236-1876

Candidate of Biological Sciences, senior lecturer, Department of Forensic Ecology with a Course in Human Ecology, Institute of Environmental Engineering

6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Elizaveta V. Anikina

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: likanika2008@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1872-1792

Candidate of Biological Sciences, senior lecturer, Department of Forensic Ecology with a Course in Human Ecology, Institute of Environmental Engineering

6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2021 Poklonov V.A., Glebov V.V., Askarova D.A., Erofeeva V.V., Anikina E.V.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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