Influence of environmental factors on the evolution of phytocenoses of reclamation objects of the Ryazan Meschera

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Abstract

The limiting influence of weather conditions on agricultural crops is known, but from an ecological point of view, the preservation of the biological diversity of phyto- cenoses is important. In 2010-2020, within the framework of soil-reclamation monitoring, the climatic features of the territory of the Ryazan Meschera were analyzed and the evolution of phytocenoses of two reclamation objects in the Ryazan and Klepikovsky districts of the Ryazan region was tracked. Ryazan Meschera has a number of climatic features due to the distinctive features of heat and moisture availability, terrain, air humidity and other indicators. A high degree of coverage, a large number of individuals, but a small number of species have been established at the Tinki-II and Makeyevsky Cape reclamation sites. More moist soil was determined at the Makeyevsky Cape object, which is reflected to a greater extent by the development of grasses belonging to the hygrophytic group Alopecurus pratensis , Dactylis glomerata , Glycerria maxima , etc., less water-demanding cereals were identified at the Tinki-II object, for example, Bromopsis inermis , Dactylis glomerata , Festuca pratensis , Phlum pratense , etc. Summarizing the results of the research, the primary role of environmental factors on the evolution of phytocenoses of reclamation objects in the Ryazan Meschera is established.

About the authors

Olga A. Zakharova

Ryazan State Agrotechnological University named after P.A. Kostychev

Author for correspondence.
Email: ol-zahar.ru@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0933-0714

Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor of the Department of Agronomy and Agrotechnology

1 Kostycheva St, Ryazan, 390041, Russia

Dmitry E. Kucher

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: kucher-de@rudn.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7919-3487

Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Agroengineering Department, Agrarian and Technological Institute; Deputy Dean of the Institute of Environmental Engineering for Innovation and Strategic Development

6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russia

Farruh A. Musaev

Ryazan State Agrotechnological University named after P.A. Kostychev

Email: farruh.musaev@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8414-4890

Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor of the Department of Technology of Production and Processing of Agricultural Products

1 Kostycheva St, Ryazan, 390041, Russia

Konstantin N. Evsenkin

All-Russian Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation named after A.N. Kostyakov

Email: kn.evsenkin@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0194-8552

Candidate of Technical Sciences, Leading Researcher

44 Bolshaya Akademicheskaya St, bldg 2, Moscow, 127550, Russia

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Copyright (c) 2021 Zakharova O.A., Kucher D.E., Musaev F.A., Evsenkin K.N.

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