Minimization of the impact of rubble production wastes on the environment by their involvement in the compositions of road'building materials

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Abstract

The impact of Taldan crushed stone plant and wastes formed in process of its activity on the environment is considered. About 2.9 million tons of siftings of rock grinding were accumulated in dump massifs with a total area of 600 hectares. Therefore, elimination of accumulated harm to the environment that has arisen over many years of operation of Taldan crushed stone plant is the actual task. One of the technological solutions of liquidation of objects of accumulated harm to the environment based on physicochemical impact on wastes is stabilization or artificial stone formation. Drawing of siftings of rock in soil concrete compositions (artificial stone materials) allows to solve complex of acute environmental problems due to their largetonnage direct use. The use of siftings of rock in road building will contribute to the rational and cost-effective use of natural mineral raw materials, since this process will not entail an increase in the costs of its extraction and processing. A set of modern methods (atomic-emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray phase analysis, infrared spectroscopy) were used to study the chemical, phase composition and properties of siftings of rock to substantiate the possibility of its utilization in the composition of soil concrete. It is shown that the introduction of an 8 wt. % of mineral binder and polymer stabilizing additive “Element” (1, 5, 10 wt. %) allows to get soil concrete with a mark of strength М100.

About the authors

Nataliya A. Konovalova

Trans-Baikal Institute of Railway Transport

Author for correspondence.
Email: zabizht_engineering@mail.ru

PhD in Chemistry, leading researcher

11 Magistralnaya St, Chita, 672040, Russian Federation

Pavel P. Pankov

Trans-Baikal Institute of Railway Transport

Email: pavelpankov110990@mail.ru

junior researcher

11 Magistralnaya St, Chita, 672040, Russian Federation

Dmitry V. Bespolitov

Trans-Baikal Institute of Railway Transport

Email: zabizht_engineering@mail.ru

graduate student

11 Magistralnaya St, Chita, 672040, Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2021 Konovalova N.A., Pankov P.P., Bespolitov D.V.

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