Hazard indicators of urban soil contamination with polycyclic hydrocarbons on the example of monitoring results of the RUDN campus

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Abstract

The characteristics of the hazard of urban soils pollution by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are considered: naphthalene (Naph), anthracene (An), phenanthrene (Phen), pyrene (Py), fluoranthene (Flu), chrysene (Chr), benzo(a)anthracene (BaA), benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), benzo[b]fluoranthene (BbFlu), benzo[k]fluoranthene (BkFlu), dibenzo[ah]antracene (DBa), benzo[ghi]perylene (Bghi), indeno[1,2,3-c,d]pyrene). On the example of monitoring data on the RUDN University campus and the adjacent South-West Forest Park, modern approaches to assessing the hazard of pollution levels and the environmental risk of soil pollution are demonstrated: RQ indicators, total relative toxicity in comparison to BaP, carcinogenic risk, behavior of the representative PAHs. On the basis of a critical analysis of the pollution indicators, the optimal approaches to assessing the danger of the presence of polyarenes in the soils of urban areas are demonstrated. The leading sources of pollution (influence of vehicles) were identified. Different levels of environmental hazard of polyarene soil contamination in different functional zones of the analyzed territory are demonstrated: relatively clear territory in the middle zone of the park and a specific configuration of the pollution field on the rest of the territory. The necessity of developing ecosystem standards for urban natural complexes is justified, taking into account the individual characteristics of soils, the role of soil microbiota, the specificity of the use of the territory and the characteristics of pollution sources.

About the authors

Margarita M. Redina

Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: redina-mm@rudn.ru

Dr.Sc. (Econ.), Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Applied Ecology

6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Alexander P. Khaustov

Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: khaustov-ap@rudn.ru

Honored Worker of the Higher School of the Russian Federation, Dr.Sc.(Geol.), Professor of the Department of Applied Ecology

6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Xiangkai Li

Lanzhou University

Email: xkli@lzu.edu.cn

Doctor of Biology, Professor at the School of Life Sciences

222 Tianshui South Rd, Chengguan Qu, Lanzhou Shi, Gansu Sheng, People’s Republic of China

Zhandos D. Kenzhin

Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: kenzhin-zhd@rudn.ru

postgraduate student of the Department of Applied Ecology

6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Polina Yu. Silaeva

Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: silaeva-pyu@rudn.ru

senior lecturer of the Department of Applied Ecology

6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2020 Redina M.M., Khaustov A.P., Li X., Kenzhin Z.D., Silaeva P.Y.

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