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Russia ecosystems have significant potential for various types of alternative energy sources development (AES) throughout the country. Especially great potential for wind, geothermal and solar energy. However, alternative energy sources are not well represented in Russia. As a result Russia is far behind the others economically developed countries now.The aim of this study is ecosystem-based analysis of renewable energy facilities activity in Russia, and linking production activities of energy facilities with the performance of ecosystems. As of 01.01.2014 the share of alternative energy sources in the electric power Russia is about 0,3%. The total capacity of alternative energy sources is 480 MW, of which: the share of wind power plants - 18,2%, solar power plants - 65%, geothermal power plants - 16,5% and tidal power - 0,3%.The basis for the alternative energy sources development is climatic conditions of ecosystems and settlements energy supply. Installed capacity of AES is associated with indicators of the impact on the ecosystem and the area used by the power facilities.Ensuring the implementation of AES construction projects in Russia will meet the growing demand for electricity in energy-deficient regions of the country, significantly reduce annual emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases and make greater use of independent sources in remote regions.Research in the field of natural resource management and environmental protection are the basis for the state programs of territories development for cities of the Russian Federation. Examination of the ecological potential and strategies for landscape development in the region is the basis for urban planning.

About the authors

G E Artamonov

People’s Friendship University of Russia

V A Gutnikov

FGBU TSNIIP Ministry of Construction Russia


Copyright (c) 2016 Артамонов Г.Е., Гутников В.А.

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