Gender in Russian history: review of the latest researches

Cover Page

Abstract


The article reviews the works of gender studies published over the past 30 years, with the aim to show and generalize what is proposed in historiography and special literature about the relationship between historical sciences and gender studies. Firstly, the paper offers an updated concept of gender in relation to the different periods of the country’s history - tsarist, Soviet and post-Soviet. Secondly, the paper discusses the formation and gradual development of gender studies and gender discourse. The study reveals an uneven growth in the number of descriptive and empirical gender studies, which can be explained in correlation with socio-economic and political changes throughout Russia’s historical path. The correlation between the dynamic evolution of gender and the peculiarities of the historical path of the country has not been sufficiently studied; its analysis offers historians the opportunity to describe and explain the unique models of male/female (gender) relations and their evolution. So far gender studies have little to offer that would help identify, describe and explain the national specificity of gender, correlated with the specifics of national history in chronological and spatial-territorial terms. Future historians should also focus on developing methodological tools and a language that can foster interaction between historical, post-structuralist and feminist approaches. This will require a drastic transition in historical research to previously ignored topics and to more innovative, in-depth and qualitative research methods, such as the history of the life of ethnic groups and peoples of Russia at different stages of development of state and society next to case studies of gender and discourse analysis.


About the authors

Sergey I Resnyansky

Moscow State Regional University

Author for correspondence.
Email: s-r44@yandex.ru
10a, Radio St., Moscow, 105005, Russia

Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor of the Department of the Middle Ages and New Time Russian History at Moscow State Regional University

Irina S Amiantova

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)

Email: politnayka@mail.ru
k.3, block 9, 84, Vernadsky Prospekt, Moscow, 119571, Russia

Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of Political Science and Political Administration of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

References

  1. Ayvazova, S.G. “Gendernyy diskurs v pole konservativnoy politiki.” Zhenshchina v rossiyskom obshchestve, no. 4 (2017): 3–13 (in Russian).
  2. Anger, R. “Trekhstoronnee zerkalo.” In Vvedenie v gendernye issledovaniya, 437−463. St. Petersburg.: Alteia Publ., 2001 (in Russian).
  3. Bezrukova, A.A. Gendernye issledovaniya v Rossii: problemy stanovleniya i razvitiya. https://cyberleninka.ru/ article/v/gendernye-issledovaniya-v-rossii-problemy-stanovleniya-i-razvitiya (accessed: 10.02.2019) (in Russian).
  4. Boychenko, L.D. Vvedenie v gendernye issledovaniya. Petrozavodsk: PetrGU Publ., 2003 (in Russian).
  5. Belinskiy, V.G. Mysli i zametki o russkoy literature. http://librebook.me/mysli_i_zametki_o_russkoi_literature/vol1/1 (accessed: 07.02.2019) (in Russian).
  6. Borozdina, E.A., Kondakov, A.A., and Shtorn, E.M. “Sovremennye issledovaniya gendera i seksual’nosti: teoreticheskie razrabotki i ehmpiricheskie izyskaniya.” Zhurnal sociologii i social’noy antropologii 20, no. 5 (2017): 7–14 (in Russian).
  7. Colette, Henry, Helene, Ahl, and Lene, Foss. “Gender and Entrepreneurship Research: A Review of Methodological Approaches.” International Small Business Journal, no. 34 (3) (2015): 217−241.
  8. Dashkova, T.U. Gendernaya problematika: podhody k opisaniyu. http://www.el-history.ru/node/431 (accessed: 09.02.2019) (in Russian).
  9. Hotkina, Z.A. Gendernym issledovaniyam v Rossii – desyat’ let. https://studfiles.net/preview/407327/ (accessed: 05.02.2019) (in Russian).
  10. Kabaykina, O.V. Feministskoe dvizhenie v istoricheskoy perspective. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/v/feministicheskoe-dvizhenie-v-rossii-v-istoricheskoy-perspektive (accessed: 110.02.2019) (in Russian).
  11. Kondakov, A. “Teaching Queer Theory in Russia.” QED: A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking 3, no. 2 (2016): 107–118.
  12. Kurmashev, A.V. “Gendernye issledovaniya v Rossii.” Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo. Seriya: Social’nye nauki (2001): 78–80 (in Russian).
  13. Khatun Samia. The Book of Marriage: Histories of Muslim Women in Twentieth‐Century Australia. https:// onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1468-0424.12258 (accessed: 04.02.2019).
  14. Lloyd, Demoz. Psihoistoriya. Rostov-on-Don: Feniks Publ., 2000 (in Russian).
  15. Medvedev, N.P., Slizovskiy D.E., Shulenina, N.V., and Amiantova, I.S. “Feminizm i mirovye centry podderzhki zhenskih dvizheniy razvivayushchihsya stran.” Voprosy nacional’nyh i federativnyh otnosheniy, no. 2 (2018): 110–125 (in Russian).
  16. Novikova, E.A. Gendernyi aspekt politicheskogo uchastiya zhenshchin (sravnitel’nyi analiz). Saratov: SSU Publ., 2013 (in Russian).
  17. Novikova, E.A. Gendernye aspekty (osnovaniya) ekonomicheskogo regulirovaniya rynka truda i ikh realizatsiya v territorial’noi politike: monografiya. Krasnoyarsk: SFU Publ., 2017 (in Russian).
  18. Ostanina, N.A., Slizovskiy, D.E., and Amiantova, I.S. “Feminizm kak politika v novyh geopoliticheskih usloviyah: mezhdunarodnyy i rossiyskiy opyt.” Predstavitel’naya vlast’ – XXI vek: zakonodatel’stvo, kommentarii, problem, no. 4 (2018): 36–40 (in Russian).
  19. Pavlov, A.A., and Semenov, V.A. Gendernaya teoriya i istoricheskoe znanie: materialy Vtoroy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferencii 3–4 oktyabrya. Syktyvkar: SyktGU Publ., 2005 (in Russian).
  20. Potekhina, E.A. Gendernye modeli v kul’ture: filosofsko-antropologicheskii analiz]. St. Petersburg: GAOUVOLO Publ., 2018 (in Russian).
  21. Pushkareva, N.L. “Chto takoe «gender»? (Harakteristika osnovnyh koncepciy).” [What is gender? (Characteristics of the main concepts)] In Gender theory and historical knowledge: proceedings of second scientific and practical conference. 3d&4th October, 8−20. Syktyvkar: SyktGU Publ., 2005 (in Russian).
  22. Pushkaryova, N.L., Kotovskaya, M.G., and Micyuk, N.A. “Sohranyaya tradicii, stat’ sovremennymi (Tret’ya Mezhdunarodnaya nauchnaya konferenciya v Mahachkale, Respublika Dagestan, 24–28 iyunya 2018 goda).” Zhenshchina v rossiyskom obshchestve, no. 4 (2018): 151−154 (in Russian).
  23. Repina, L.P. Zhenshchin i muzhchiny v istorii: novaya kartina istoricheskogo proshlogo. Ocherki, Hrestomatiya. Moscow: ROSSPEN Publ., 2002 (in Russian).
  24. Solomatina, I. “Istoriya ‘gendernogo marshruta’ (2005−2015, Belarus’).” In Mezhdunarodnaya konferenciya. Gendernye syuzhety v kul’ture i SMI na postsovetskom prostranstve. Gendernaya cenzura kak ehlement kul’tury. Preodolenie seksizma. Gender i internet. 11–12 aprelya 2016 goda. Moscow: [S.n.], 2016 (in Russian).
  25. Slizovskiy, D.E., Shulenina, N.V., and Amiantova, I.S. Politika podderzhki zhenshchin-predprinimateley v razvivayushchihsya stranah: masshtab podderzhki i somnitel’nost’ uspekha.” Evraziyskiy Soyuz: voprosy mezhdunarodnyh otnosheniy, no. 1 (2018): 5–16 (in Russian).
  26. Scott, J. “Gender: a Useful Category of Historical Analysis,” American Historical Review 91, no. 5 (1986): 1053−1075.
  27. Unger, R.K. “Looking toward the Past: Social Activism and Social History.” Journal of Social Issues, vol. 42 (1) (1986): 215–227.
  28. Voronina, O.A. “Gendernoe ravenstvo.” In Globalistika. Mezhdunarodnyy mezhdisciplinarnyy ehnciklopedicheskiy slovar’, 143–146. Moscow; St. Petersburg: “Elyma” Publ., 2006 (in Russian).
  29. Zakharova, O.V. Gendernye stereotipy v sovremennom rossiiskom obshchestve. Irkutsk: ISU Publ., 2014 (in Russian).
  30. Zdravomyslova, E.A., and Temkina, A.A. “Issledovaniya zhenshchin i gendernye issledovaniya na Zapade i v Rossii.” Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost’, no. 6 (1999): 177−185 (in Russian).
  31. Zherebkina, I.A. Vvedenie v gendernye issledovaniya. Uchebnoe posobie. Har’kov: Har’kovskiy centr gendernyh issledovaniy Publ., 2001 (in Russian).
  32. Zherebkin, S.V. Vvedenie v gendernye issledovaniya. Hrestomatiya. Har’kov: Har’kovskiy centr gendernyh issledovaniy Publ., 2001 (in Russian).

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 438

PDF (Russian) - 467

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2019 Resnyansky S.I., Amiantova I.S.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies