NEW DATA ON VICTIMS OF CHURCH PERSECUTIONIN THE USSR IN THE 1920-1930S (BASED ON THE MATERIALS OF THE VYSOKOPETROVSKY MONASTERY IN MOSCOW)

Abstract


The article gives examples of obtaining new information about martyrs in the 20th century, namely the clergymen and parishioners of the Vysokopetrovsky Monastery in Moscow, including its abbot Archbishop Bartholomew (Remov). The new data are obtained by researching the newly discovered documents in private and foreign archives, a more thorough critical and comparative analysis of the already well-known sources, and interviewing individuals who personally knew those people, who were repressed and lived up to the second half of the twentieth century. The sources introduced into the scientifi c activities come from the private archive of his-torian Sergey Belyaev, as well as from the archives of the General Curia of the Assumptionist Congregation in Rome (the letters from Bishop Pie Eugene Neveu, apostolic administrator in Moscow in 1926-1936) and the Historic archives of the Secretariat of State. There are subjected to critical examination the investigative materials against Archbishop Bar-tholomew (Remov) and the members of the community, who in the investigation case were named members of the “Catholic group of the counter-revolutionary organization under the illegal “Petrovsky monastery”. The author refutes the conclusions made earlier by the researchers on the existence of a Catholic group in the Vysokopetrovsky Monastery, as well as casts doubt on the hypothesis on the adherence of the monastery abbot Archbishop Bartholomew (Remov) to Catholicism.


Elena G Balashova

Principal contact for editorial correspondence.
pravob@mail.ru
Synod Department for Religious Education and Catechism 28/2 Petrovka St., Moscow, 127051, Russia

Elena G. Balashova, Expert on expert-accreditation activities of the Synodal Department of Religious Education and Catechesis of Russian Orthodox Church, Moscow, Russia.

  • Damaskin (Orlovskii), igumen. Mucheniki, ispovedniki i podvizhniki blagochestiya Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi ХХ stoletiya. Zhizneopisaniya i materialy k nim. V 7 knigakh [Martyrs, confessors and ascetics of piety of the Russian Orthodox Church in the XX century. Biographies and materials. In 7 books]. Tver’: Bulat Publ.; 1992–2002.
  • Krutitskiy, Kolomenskiy Yuvenaliy, eds. Zhitiya novomuchenikov i ispovednikov Rossiiskikh ХХ veka Moskovskoi eparkhii [Нagiography of the martyrs and Confessors of Russia of the XX century in the Moscow diocese]. Tver’: Bulat Publ.; 2002–2006.
  • Tsypin Vladislav, archpriest. Istoriya Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi: Sinodal’nyj i novejshij periody [The history of the Russian Orthodox Church, Synodal and modern periods]. Moscow: Sretenskiy monastyr’ Publ.; 2007.
  • Balashova EG., ed. Gosudarevo bogomol’e. Vysoko-Petrovskii muzhskoi monastyr’ g. Moskvy. Yubileinoe izdanie k 700-letiyu monastyrya i 20-letiyu Otdela religioznogo obrazovaniya i katekhizatsii Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi [The sovereign’s pilgrimage. Vysoko-Petrovsky monastery in Moscow]. Moscow, 2011; pp. 35–41.
  • Ignatiya (Petrovskaya), conventual. Starchestvo v gody gonenii [The spiritual eldership in the years of persecution]. Moscow: Moskovskoe podvor’e Svyato-Troitskoi Sergievoi Lavry; 2001.
  • Ignatiya (Petrovskaya), conventual. Vysoko-Petrovskii monastyr’ v 20–30-e gody / Podgotovka teksta, publikatsiya, vstupitel’naya zametka i primechaniya A.L. Beglova [Vysoko-Petrovsky monastery in the 20–30-ies]. Al’fa i Omega. 1996; 8(1): 114–135.
  • Beglov AL., ed. Arkhiepiskop Varfolomei (Remov). Iz dukhovnogo naslediya: [Zhiznennyi put’ arkhiepiskopa Varfolomeya] [From spiritual heritage: [The Life of Archbishop Bartholomew]]. Al’fa i Omega. 1998; 4(18):119–133.
  • Beglov AL., ed. Arkhiepiskop Varfolomei (Remov). Pis’ma i avtobiografi ya [Letters and Autobiography]. Al’fa i Omega. 1996; 2–3 (9–10): 353–378.
  • Beglov AL. Prozelitizm sredi mertvykh: Katolicheskaya propaganda zapisyvaet v ryady priverzhentsev Rimskogo prestola rasstrelyannykh pravoslavnykh episkopov [Proselytism among the dead: Catholic propaganda records in the ranks of adherents to the Roman throne shot of Orthodox bishops]. NG-religii. 11 August 1999.
  • Vasil’eva OYu. Obraz novomuchenikov v istorii Rossii [The image of the new martyrs in the history of Russia]. Gosudarstvo, religiya, Tserkov’ v Rossii i zarubezhom [State, religion, Church in Russia and abroad]. 2008; 3–4: 47–66.
  • Wenger A. Rome et Moscou. 1900–1950. Moscow: Russkii put’, 2000.
  • Vorob’ev Vladimir, archpriest. Varfolomei (Remov Nikolai Fedorovich). Pravoslavnaya entsiklopediya [The Orthodox encyclopedia]. Moscow, 2003; 6: 716–717.
  • Golubtsov Sergii, protodiakon. Professura MDA v setyakh Gulaga i CheKa [Professors of Moscow theological Academy in the bonds of Gulag and Cheka]. Moscow: Pravoslavnoe bratstvo Sporuchnitsy greshnykh Publ.; 1999.
  • Gubonin M. Sovremenniki o Patriarhe Tihone. [Contemporaries about Patriarch Tikhon]. Typescript. From S.A. Belyaev’s personal archive. Part 3.
  • Gubonin M. Sovremenniki o Patriarhe Tihone. Sbornik pechatnyh, rukopisnyh i ustnyh vospominanij. V dvuh tomah. [Contemporaries of the Patriarch Tikhon. A collection of printed, manuscript and oral memoirs in two volumes]. Typescript. From S.A. Belyaev’s personal archive. Moscow, 1965; 1.

Views

Abstract - 62

PDF (Russian) - 9


Copyright (c) 2017 Balashova E.G.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.