The article analyzes the development of the system of youth organizations in our country in the 1920s.The Young Communist League (Komsomol) was formed as one of the Communist organizations among diverse youth entitieswhich were engaged in addressing social challenges the young generation faced in the first decade after the revolution. The Komsomol acted along with political, peasant, national, sports youth organizations. Following the VKP(b) and under its leadership, the Komsomol pursued the policy of expulsion and elimination of alternative organizations. Firstly, all the non-socialist entities disappeared from the system of youth organizations in the course of a fierce struggle, and then came the turn of anarchists and other Communist organizations. The Komsomol actively participated in the defeat of the scout movement, in part by accepting some of its functions on the organization of youth sports. The Young Communist League struggled with national youth organizations, seeking their dissolution, as in the case of the Communist Union of Jewish youth (Jewkomol). However, the Young Communist League cooperated with other Pro-government public organizations such as the OSOAVIAKHIM. In the course of its development, the Young Communist League was closely connected with state authorities, such as the OGPU, actively using their abilities to achieve a monopoly position in the youth environment.

About the authors

Pavel A Merkulov

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

Author for correspondence.
5A Boulevard Pobedy, Orel, Russia, 302028

Orel branch


  1. Kondrashin N. Krizis soyuza. Orel, 1921 (in Russian).
  2. Shokhin A. Komsomol’skaya derevnya. Moscow; 1923 (in Russian).
  3. Moskatov K. Bor’ba za molodezh’: O parallel’nykh komsomolu organizatsiyakh. Yunyi kommunist. 1926; 17–18:51–56 (in Russian).
  4. Khanin D. Bol’shevistskoe vospitanie molodezhi i oppozitsiya. Moscow; 1926 (in Russian).
  5. Bobryshev I. Melkoburzhuaznye vliyaniya sredi molodezhi. Moscow-Leningrad; 1928 (in Russian).
  6. Voprosy istorii VLKSM. Sb. nauchnykh trudov. Moscow; 1978.
  7. Kanev SN. Oktyabr’skaya revolyutsiya i krakh anarkhizma. 1917–1922 gg. Moscow; 1974 (in Russian).
  8. Sokolov VI. Rossiiskoe molodezhnoe dvizhenie: ot mnogoobraziya k unitarizmu. 1917–1925 gg. Moscow; 1996 (in Russian).
  9. Tsvetlyuk LS. Politicheskiikontrol’ v molodezhnoi srede. 1920–1930-e gody. Moscow; 2001 (in Russian).
  10. Krivoruchenko VK., Tsvetlyuk LS. Molodezh’. Komsomol. Obshchestvo: ot Oktyabr’skoi revolyutsii do Otechestvennoi voiny. Moscow; 2012 (in Russian).
  11. Merkulov PA. Istoricheskii opyt razrabotki i realizatsii gosudarstvennoi molodezhnoi politiki v Rossii (vtoraya polovina XIX v. – nachalo XXI v.). Orel: izdatel’stvo OF RANKhiGS, 2014 (in Russian).
  12. Krivoruchenko VK., Tsvetlyuk LS. Yunosheskoe dvizhenie Rossii. 20–30-e gody XX stoletiya. Informatsionnyi gumanitarnyi portal «Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie». 2011; 3. URL: Accessed: 23 December 2013 (in Russian).
  13. Saran AYu. Vlast’ i obshchestvennye organizatsii v Tsentral’noi Rossii. 1928−1934 gg. Moscow – Orel: OGAU, 2003 (in Russian).



Abstract - 335

PDF (Russian) - 258




Copyright (c) 2017 Меркулов П.А.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies