Values and Moral Foundations as a Basis for Attitude toward Mentally Retarded People in Students

Cover Page

Abstract


An important factor of the successful integration of mentally retarded people is the readiness of the society to accept such people as equal members. In this study we tested the hypothesis that the attitude toward mentally retarded people depends on values and moral factors. The sample comprised 169 students of technical college and pedagogical university. The attitude toward mentally retarded people was measured using a modified version of Mental Retardation Attitude Inventory (MRAI-R by Antonak & Harth), values were tested using Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ-R2 by Schwartz), and moral foundations were measured using Moral Foundations Questionnaire (MFQ by Graham et al.). We elaborated modified Russian version of MRAI-R, showed its factor structure and good psychometric properties. The main moral factor of the attitude toward mentally retarded people was the importance of fairness: the higher it is the higher is the readiness to diminish the social distance with the mentally retarded. The importance of authority was associated with the low approval of inclusive education for the mentally retarded. The most important predictor of the attitude toward mentally retarded people was gender: girls demonstrated a more positive attitude towards the mentally retarded.


About the authors

Oleg A Sychev

Shukshin Altai State Humanities Pedagogical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: osn1@mail.ru
Korolenko str., 53, Biysk, Russia, 659333

PhD in Psychology, research fellow

Evgeniya M Trofimova

Shukshin Altai State Humanities Pedagogical University

Email: jmt662008@rambler.ru
Korolenko str., 53, Biysk, Russia, 659333

PhD in Psychology, associate professor

References

  1. Antonak, R.F., & Harth, R. (1994). Psychometric analysis and revision of the Mental Retardation Attitude Inventory. Mental Retardation, 32(4), 272—280.
  2. Antonak, R.F., & Livneh, H. (1988). The measurement of attitudes toward people with disabilities: Methods, psychometrics and scales. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas Pub Ltd. 326 p.
  3. Boer, A. de, Pijl, S.J., & Minnaert, A. (2011). Regular primary schoolteachers’ attitudes towards inclusive education: a review of the literature. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 15(3), 331—353. doi: 10.1080/13603110903030089.
  4. Daruwalla, P., & Darcy, S. (2005). Personal and societal attitudes to disability. Annals of Tourism Research, 32(3), 549—570. doi: 10.1016/j.annals.2004.10.008.
  5. Graham, J., Haidt, J., Koleva, S., Motyl, M., Iyer, R., Wojcik, S., & Ditto, P.H. (2013). Moral foundations theory: The pragmatic validity of moral pluralism. Advances in experimental social psychology, 47, 55—130. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-407236-7.00002-4.
  6. Graham, J., Nosek, B.A., Haidt, J., Iyer, R., Koleva, S., & Ditto, P.H. (2011). Mapping the Moral Domain. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 366—385. doi: 10.1037/a0021847.
  7. Greenina, E.S. (2015). Attitude of Student Youth to People with Reduced Capabilities. Izvestiya of Saratov University. New Series. Series Educational Acmeology. Developmental Psychology, 4(4), 333—337. doi: 10.18500/2304-9790-2015-4-4-333-337 (in Russian).
  8. Korosteleva, N.A., Krasnov, A.M., & Leonov, V.V. (2014). Urgency of the Problem of a Tolerant Attitude Formation towards Students with Disabilities in the Modern Society. Pedagogical Review, 1(3), 24—33 (in Russian).
  9. Liventseva N.A. (2011). Review of Current Foreign Research in Inclusive Education. Psychological Science and Education, (3), 114—121 (in Russian).
  10. Morin, D., Rivard, M., Crocker, A.G., Boursier, C.P., & Caron, J. (2013). Public attitudes towards intellectual disability: a multidimensional perspective. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 57(3), 279—292. doi: 10.1111/jir.12008.
  11. Ouellette-Kuntz, H., Burge, P., Brown, H.K., & Arsenault, E. (2010). Public Attitudes Towards Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities as Measured by the Concept of Social Distance. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 23(2), 132—142. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3148.2009.00514.x.
  12. Questionnaires on moralfoundations.org. URL: http://moralfoundations.org/questionnaires (Access date: 05.07.2016).
  13. Sam, K.-L., Li, C., & Lo, S.-K. (2016). Validation of the Mental Retardation Attitude InventoryRevised (MRAI-R): A Multidimensional Rasch Analysis. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 6(7), 519—524. doi: 10.7763/IJSSH.2016.V6.703.
  14. Schwartz, Sh., Butenko, T.P., Sedova, D.S., & Lipatova, A.S. (2012). Theory of Basic Personal Values: Validation in Russia. The Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, 9(2), 43—70 (in Russian).
  15. Shcherbakova, A.M. (2013). Psychological Aspects of the Inclusion of Children with Disabilities. Mental Health of Children and Adolescent, 13(2), 67—74 (in Russian).
  16. Sychev, O.A., Bespalov, A.M., Prudnikova, M.M., & Vlasov, M.S. (2016). Features of Moral Foundations in Mongol, German and Russian Adolescents. Cultural-Historical Psychology, 12(1), 85—96. doi: 10.17759/chp.2016120109 (in Russian).
  17. Tringo, J.L. (1970). The Hierarchy of Preference Toward Disability Groups. The Journal of Special Education, 4(3), 295—306. doi: 10.1177/002246697000400306.

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 606

PDF (Russian) - 324

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2017 Sychev O.A., Trofimova E.M.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies