COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE PARAMETERS OF HEART RATE VARIABILITY IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

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Abstract


The studies have shown that the importance of identifying the specifics of the variability of heart rate (HRV) in primary school children with different levels of emotional intelligence (EI) is due to a change in the child’s features of the emotional response at this age. It is suggested that HRV analysis will help understand the characteristics of the vegetative component of emotional reactions in primary schoolers and predict the specificity of their interpersonal relationships and academic performance on their basis. The study involved 150 subjects aged 7-8 years. It is shown that the experimental group is dominated by children with high and medium level of the development of emotional intelligence components. Primary school children are characterized by an emotional focus on the world of people, on the other people’s inner world, their emotions and feelings. A high level of understanding emotions prevails in them, which gives them the opportunity to recognize the emotions in themselves and in other people better, understand both their own emotions and the emotions of the others. The HRV analysis showed that the children with high levels of EI, have higher rates of activity of the parasympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) compared to other test groups, which indicates a more optimal regulation of the heart rate in the course of an emotional response in children with high levels of the development of emotional intelligence components compared to the children who have a low level.


About the authors

Alexander V Dobrin

Yelets Sate Bunin University

Author for correspondence.
Email: doktor-alexander@mail.ru
Communarof str., 28, Yelets, Lipetsk region, Russia, 399770

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