Cover Page


The article contains the analysis of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum. Within the scope of the analysis fall such aspects of it as its preconditions, its context, arguments of both its proponents and opponents, as well as the factors that influenced its outcome and its possible consequences. The relevance of the article is due to the importance of the referendum in question and its possible influence on the future of the European Union.

About the authors

I E Khlebnikov

RUDN University (Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia)

Author for correspondence.
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198


  1. Drobnickij D. Brexit i novaja slozhnost'. Russkaja ideja. 27 ijunja 2016. Available from: (in Russ).
  2. Benjamin C. Britain chooses Freedom over Fear. Sargon of Akkad Channel. 24 June 2016. Available from:
  3. Burn-Murdoch J. Brexit: voter turnout by age. Financial Times. 24 June 2016. Available from:
  4. Brexit Polls Using Metafused Technology. Metafused Blog. 15 June 2016. Available from:
  5. Cooper C. EU referendum: What effect would Brexit really have on the NHS? The Independent. 9 June 2016. Available from:
  6. Corbyn will not resign say allies amid battle with MPs. BBC. 27 June 2016. Available from:
  7. Cressey D. Scientists say “no” to UK exit from Europe in Nature poll. Nature. 30 March 2016. Available from:
  8. Dalgleish A. EU Referendum: Brexit ‘will not damage UK research’. Times Higher Education. 9 June 2016. Available from:
  9. Erlanger S. European? British? These ‘Brexit’ Voters Identify as English. The New York Times. 16 June 2016. Available from:
  10. EU referendum results. The Electoral Commission. 2016. Available from: upcoming-elections-and-referendums/eu-referendum/electorate-and-count-information.
  11. EU referendum: The result in maps and charts. BBC. 24 June 2016. Available from:
  12. Fenton S. EU referendum result: Sinn Fein's Martin McGuinness calls for border poll on united Ireland after Brexit. The Independent. 25 June 2016. Available from: news/uk/politics/brexit-northern-ireland-eu-referendum-result-latest-live-border-poll-united-martin-mcguinness-a7099276.html.
  13. Gardner F. EU referendum: The debate around counter-terrorism. BBC. 22 February 2016. Available from:
  14. Goodwin M. Identity trumps economics in revolt against elites. Financial Times. 24 June 2016. Available from:
  15. Hill J. Prospect of Brexit bemuses and worries Germany. BBC. 15 June 2016. Available from:
  16. Hobsbawm E. Identity Politics and the Left. New Left Review. May-June 1996; Issue 217.
  17. Jamieson A. Scotland Seeks Independence Again After U.K. 'Brexit' Vote. NBC News. 24 June 2016. Available from:
  18. Ledeen M. Brexit Is Not A British Revolution; It's Part Of A Global Revolt. Forbes. 26 June 2016. Available from:
  19. Lilley P. Peter Lilley: Yes, I believe in free trade. But here’s why we must protect our NHS from TTIP. ConservativeHome. 3 April 2016. Available from: platform/2016/04/peter-lilley-yes-i-believe-in-free-trade-but-heres-why-we-must-protect-our-nhs-from-ttip.html.
  20. Lowe J. Is Jeremy Corbyn The Brexit Camp's Secret Weapon? Newsweek. 20 June 2016. Available from:
  21. Mason R. Iain Duncan Smith: UK risks Paris-style attacks by staying in the EU. The Guardian. 21 February 2016. Available from:
  22. McCann K. Jeremy Corbyn Forced to Abandon Speech Calling for Turkey to Join the EU Amid Fears it Would Push UK to Brexit. The Daily Telegraph. 5 May 2016. Available from:
  23. McFaul M. How Brexit is a Win for Putin. The Washington Post. 25 June 2016. Available from: 2016/06/25/800e4d3c-3b06-11e6-8f7c-d4c723a2becb_story.html.
  24. McGill A. Who Voted for the Brexit? The Atlantic. 25 June 2016. Available from:
  25. Merry R.W. Identity Politics Makes a Comeback in America. The National Interest. 7 January 2016. Available from:
  26. Moreno E. I'm mixed race, female, left-wing, a 19-year-old student — and yes, I really am voting for Brexit. The Independent. 21 June 2016. Available from: voices/im-mixed-race-female-left-wing-and-a-student-and-yes-i-really-am-voting-for-brexit-a7093221.html.
  27. Nazca J. Spain seeks to jointly govern Gibraltar after Brexit. Reuters. 24 June 2016. Available from:
  28. Paxman J. Brexit has exposed the chasm between the Establishment... and the rest of us. The Telegraph. 25 June 2016. Available from:
  29. Schrieberg D. Donald Trump Thinks Brexit Foreshadows His Victory. Here's Why He May Be Right. Forbes. 24 June 2016. Available from: 2016/06/24/donald-trump-believes-brexit-could-foreshadow-his-victory-heres-why-he-may-be-right/.
  30. Speed B. How did different demographic groups vote in the EU referendum? New Statesman. 24 June 2016. Available from:
  31. Stevens R. UK generals intervene to oppose Brexit. World Socialist Web Site. 27 February 2016. Available from:
  32. Sturgeon: EU exit could trigger demand for Scottish independence referendum. BBC. 21 Feb¬ruary 2016. Available from:
  33. Tories in Brexit turmoil — Andrew Feldman quits as chairman — will more follow? Daily Express. 24 June 2016. Available from:
  34. United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016. Wikipedia. 2016. Available from:,_2016.
  35. United Kingdom EU referendum 2016 area results. Wikipedia. 27 June 2016. Available from:
  36. United Kingdom EU referendum 2016 area results (Northern Ireland). Wikipedia. 24 June 2016. Available from: results(Northern_Ireland).svg.
  37. What is Article 50 and what does it mean for Britain? ITV. 27 June 2016. Available from:
  38. Why the Government believes that voting to remain in the European Union is the best decision for the UK. Government of the United Kingdom. 2016. Available from: government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/517014/EU_referendum_leaflet_large_ print.pdf.
  39. Wright O. TTIP: Government caves in to cross-party alliance of Eurosceptic MPs demanding NHS is protected from controversial deal. The Independent. 19 May 2016. Available from:



Abstract - 539

PDF (Russian) - 262




Copyright (c) 2017 Khlebnikov I.E.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies