The comparative analysis of the psychoemotional and cognitive sphere of the schoolboys living in the territory of Moscow with different environmental conditions

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Abstract


The study presents a comparative analysis of psycho-emotional and mental activity of junior schoolchildren living in Moscow with different environmental conditions. The study was conducted on a sample of 206 primary school children (students of the first grade), age 7,8-8,9 years old who attended primary schools located in different districts of the capital city - South-Western administrative district (SWAD) and South-Eastern administrative district (SEAD). Depending on environmental conditions (ecological and social) subjects were divided into 4 groups. The first subgroup of E1 schoolboys were under the influence of negative social factors (low socio-economic status family, single-parent families, and inharmonious child-parent relationships) and environment (air pollution, noise, industrial areas). The second subgroup E2 of schoolboys lived in ecologically adverse and favorable social environment (high socio-economic status of the family, a complete family, a harmonious parent-child relationship). The third subgroup E3 schoolboys lived in ecologically favorable and unfavorable social environment. The fourth group, conditionally designated as a control of schoolboys lived in a favorable ecological (lack of industrial zones, the forest zone) and the social environment. Comparative analysis of the investigated sub-groups of schoolboys confirmed the existence of differences in the indicators of the development of psycho-emotional and cognitive development of children living in different environmental conditions. Our study showed that in the SEAD, where the action of unfavorable physical environment has a stronger, more pronounced than the social environment psycho-emotional state, cognitive development and for the adaptation processes of schoolboys takes place with overvoltage functional systems. As a consequence of these impacts, affected-environmental conditions of the southeastern administrative area, the level of morbidity of children was higher than favorable in the South.

About the authors

V V Glebov

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Email: vg44@mail.ru
Moscow, Russia

S A Shastun

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Email: sshastun@mail.ru
Moscow, Russia

T A Trifonova

Vladimir State University

Email: tatrifon@mail.ru
Vladimir, Russia

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Copyright (c) 2016 Глебов В.В., Шастун С.А., Трифонова Т.А.

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