No 3 (2014): Middle East: Geopolitics, Energy, “Arab Spring”

Articles
The Middle East in the Emerging Global Order
Köchler H.
Abstract
The article analyzes the consequences of socio-political transformation in the Arab world for the wider region of the Middle East. After a review of the historical background, the author draws conclusions for world order in the context of a new balance of power.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):5-13
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On Geopolitical Situation in the Middle East: Interaction between Regional and Global Trends
Savicheva E.M.
Abstract
The article considers peculiarities of the political situation in the Middle East (the end of XX - beginning of XXI century), examines the changing balance of power and geopolitical aspirations of different international actors in the region. A special attention is paid to the «Arab spring» and its consequences for the regional international relations.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):14-21
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Islamist Perspectives on Energy Issues
Karagiannis E.
Abstract
Despite the centrality of oil and gas in the political life and economy of many Middle Eastern countries, scant attention has been paid to Islamist perspectives on energy issues [1]. This article will first outline the general Islamic approach to energy based on the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad, as well as the writings of prominent Muslim thinkers. Then the article will describe the energy perspectives of three major Islamist groups: Hizb ut-Tahrir, the Muslim Brotherhood, and al Qaeda.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):22-29
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Features of Constitutional Development in Tunisia and Egypt after the «Arab Spring»
Sapronova M.A.
Abstract
The article analyses regulation of new constitutions of Tunisia and Egypt adopted after shocks of the «Arab spring», which restore constitutional state institutions of these countries. Special attention is devoted to new constitutional regulation, which change the character of the state system and the political regime as well as to problem to secure Islam and Shariat at basic laws of these countries.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):30-38
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Syrian Uprising: Underestimated External Factors. Critical Analysis of an American Approach to the Onset of Insurgency and Civil Wars
Khlebnikov A.L.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the critical analysis of the Fearon and Laitin’s approach to the onset of insurgencies and civil wars, using the case of the Syrian Uprising. It examines the role of external factors which is underestimated by the American scholars.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):39-48
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Turkish Vector of German Policy in the Middle East
Dvoryadkina A.A., Chernenko E.F.
Abstract
The article considers the Middle East policy of modern Germany, taking Turkish vector as an example. The foreign EU policy in the Middle East, as a whole and cooperation of modern Germany with Turkey in attempt to join the European Union are examined. Attention is given to the modern crisis and difficulties that stand on the way of cooperation between the two states.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):49-58
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Middle East Policy of France under François Hollande (2012-2014)
Punavia I., Petrovich-Belkin O.K.
Abstract
The article examines the modern Middle East policy of the French Republic. French foreign policy goals in the Middle East Region, as well as cooperation with the countries of the region on a bilateral level are under consideration. Special focus is on the contemporary Syrian crisis and ways of its settlement.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):59-65
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Immigration Policy of Spain in the Context of Problems of Ceuta and Melilla in the 90-ies of XX century
Salamov E.V.
Abstract
This article analyzes the migration policy of Spain in the context of immigration processes from Morocco through the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla, which are the territory of the European Union. The problem of immigration to the cities is one of the most serious in the relationship between the two countries.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):66-74
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Interaction of China and Egypt in the Context of the Events of «Arab Spring»
Bokeriya S.A., Shao Dewan -.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the position of the People's Republic of China during the revolution in Egypt. The article discusses various points of view of the representatives of countries of the world on the events in Egypt. The article also analyzes the position of Egypt on the international arena. It also presents information about the collaboration between two countries before the events on the Middle East. The article is devoted to the relationship of People's Republic of China with Egypt in a context of “Arab spring”, the consequences of this event and influence on policy of the People's Republic of China. Various points of view of representatives of the People's Republic of China, and also the Russian Federation on events in Egypt are under analysis.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):75-84
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HE ROLE OF TURKEY IN EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN BY AMERICAN RESEARCHERS
Chmyreva V.A.
Abstract
The article analyzes the main approaches developed by American analysts in research centers - the “think tanks” and universities of the United States, concerning the role of Turkey in the eastern Mediterranean in the context of the events taking place in the region at the moment. Despite the fact that there is no consensus on the future role of Turkey as an ally of the United States and NATO in the region among American experts, the need for the direct involvement of the White House in the resolution of regional conflicts is not in doubt and is determined by strategic interests of the USA in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):85-95
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Intermediary Policy of Qatar in Arab World
Bukin A.V.
Abstract
The tiny state of Qatar could become one of the most influential player in the Middle East. Before it become a regional leader, Qatar came a long way. Mediation policy of Qatar in Sudan, Yemen, Lebanon was the first step in the implementation of the “Arab Spring”.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):96-100
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The Energy Dialogue Russia - the United States and Gulf Countries
Slobodian N.V.
Abstract
The article covers the basic mechanisms of Russian-American cooperation in the Gulf region, as well as the factors contributing to the aggravation of competitive struggle between two superstates are distinguished. The role of the region’s Gulf states in the energy policy of the United States and the Russian Federation was defined. The sense of the energy factor was considered as an instrument of «hard power» in foreign policy.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):101-109
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Role and Place of the Oil Industry in the Economic and Political Development in Iraq
Pashkova E.V., Al-Khalidi Haider, Ibrahim Hassum -.
Abstract
In the article the authors consider economic and political aspects of restoration and development of the oil industry in Iraq and make a brief historical analysis of it. It’s emphasized the role of political factors in the history of the development of the oil sector in the country. The article deals with the current situation in the oil industry of Iraq, and also the prospects and forecasts of development of it. It’s emphasized the idea that the oil export is one of the most important directions of Iraq's oil policy, which has a high degree of flexibility. It is noted that currently, the speedy recovery of Iraq and its oil industry depends on international companies. However, it is emphasized that there are established a lot of state-owned oil companies in recent decades in Iraq, which are working successfully in the global market. Authors consider the activity of one of them, a marketing company SOMO.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):110-115
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Current State and Prospects of the Development of Foreign Trade in the UAE
Merkulov K.A., Rodionova I.A.
Abstract
The UAE have been diversifying its exports and gradually becomes oil independent country. During past years oil and oil products dominated in the The UAE’s export. Nowadays, significant part of export and re-export is a wide range of goods. The UAE have developed transport infrastructure that makes country especially important as transport and economic hub. The article provides an analysis of the current situation of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) foreign trade.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):116-123
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Dynamics of the Asymmetric Conflict between the State of Israel and Radical Organizations of Gaza Strip (2009-2012)
Kornilov A.A., Ermakov A.A.
Abstract
The authors consider military policy of the State of Israel in regard to the radical organizations of the Gaza Strip during 2009-2012. The article focuses on the military standoff 2012, during which the Jewish State with minimum losses from its part could greatly weaken Hamas and others radical organizations.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):124-131
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Role of the Religious Factor in the Context of National Security of India (the Case of Hindu-Muslim Relations)
Kashnikova V.I.
Abstract
The author analyzes India’s national security from a religious position. In her opinion, sectarian violence passes into the category of strategic global problems. The huge attention should be paid to the role of religion in the frame of strategy of national security. The religion role must be attended to a huge attention in national security strategy in the multi-religious countries, such as India.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):132-139
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Major Tendencies of Practical Application of the concept of Jihad in the World at the Beginning of the XXI Century
Kadyrova K.A.
Abstract
The article examines the main tendencies of the practical application of the jihad concept in the beginning of XXI century, and its interpretations in the works of Islamic figures in the late XX - early XXI centuries.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):140-148
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Interaction of Morocco and Russia on the Bilateral and Multilateral Levels in the XXI Century
Ar-Rashidi Iman -.
Abstract
The article examines the relationship between Morocco and Russia in political, economic, trade, investment, military and cultural spheres in the 2000s. The author analyzes the existing bilateral cooperation between Moscow and Rabat and the multilateral relations within the «Deauville Partnership» as well.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):149-157
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Russia and Egypt: Reproachment Trend
Mohamed Abdou Hassan Ahmed -.
Abstract
The article focuses on the analysis of Egypt’s foreign policy after Muhammed Morsi’s dismissal as a result of the political crisis in July 2013. The author considers the shift in the regional balance of power and draws a special attention to political, military and economic aspects of the collaboration between Egypt and Russia.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):158-164
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Turkey-Israel Relations: History and the Rresent
Suleymanov A.V.
Abstract
This article discusses the historical aspects and current state of Turkish-Israeli relations. As you know, relations between the countries, which were for a long time at the level of strategic partnership have been revised, and diplomatic contacts collapsed. In this regard, using the comparative historical approach, the author analyzes the ideological and political problems of modern bilateral relations in details, as well as determined the impact on them of destructive factors - the Arab- Israeli conflict and the Iranian nuclear program.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):165-172
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Arabic Studies in France. Interview with Mansouria Mokhefi, Franch Institute of International Relations
Tyukaeva T.I.
Abstract
“Arab Spring” has revealed shortcomings of the French school of Arabic studies and demonstrated the need for the younger generation of Arabists produce truly scientific product and not politicized research... Clearly, the logic of the Arab spring development has once again demonstrated the importance of the region for the US, Russia and European states, which have their interests in the Arab world. But it also revealed the gaps in Arab studies of different countries and the failure to comprehend the complex socioeconomic and political processes that are unfolding in the Middle East and North Africa today. At the same time, the current state of the Russian and French schools of Arab studies, which are traditionally among the most developed in the world, may be described as critical and demands drastic measures to avoid their decay. As Mansouria Mokhefi, a French expert in Arab studies, points out, the whole concept of the Middle East and North Africa studies needs to be revised, and the younger researchers have to be taught to produce a high quality scientific work.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):173-176
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Russian Tradition of Arabic Studies. Interview with Isaev V.A., Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Science
Tyukaeva T.I.
Abstract
The Middle East and North Africa region remains the epicenter of world political processes, drawing attention of the main world powers. Thus, the Arab spring has become an important factor for social and political transformation of the region, and at the same time signaled the necessity for the experts in Arab studies to review the existing approaches in their research. Russian scholar Vladimir Aleksandrovich Isaev, in his turn, believes that the most urgent problem in Arabic studies in Russia today is the lack of inflow of younger experts, which will inevitably lead to its decay - and, consequently, cause problems for Russian policy in the region.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):177-186
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«Kuwait Crisis» (1990-1991): the Hard Choice of Saudi Arabia
Rodriges A.M.
Abstract
The article investigates the circumstances of the adopting the hard king Fahd decision to apply for USA assistance against Iraq during the “Kuwaition cricer 1990-1991”.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):187-195
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A World-Famous Scholar (In Memory of Natalia Bazhanova)
Zvereva T.V.
Abstract
Significance of the findings and scientific generalizations, which were made by the the leading Russian scientist of Korean Studies Natalia Bazhanova, goes far beyond the Korean issues. It is of great interest for both the expert community, and for a wide range of readers. Analysis of the political and economic development of the DPRK allowed Bazhanova highlight the characteristics of authoritarian regimes and non-market economy, and to see how they affect the foreign policy and international relations. Natalia Evgen'evna has made a great contribution to the development of historical science. She was the first who introduced into scientific use unique documents on the history of the Korean War of 1950-1953, allowing to understand the causes, course and consequences of the conflict. Bajanova proved itself as a political scientist, analyzing and forecasting the development of the international situation on the Korean Peninsula, making constructive proposals aimed at resolving the North Korean nuclear problem. The works of Bazhanova dedicated to Russian-Korean relations are very significant. Her conclusions on the current development of relations between our two countries are especially valuable, as well as on international multilateral cooperation in the matter of a Korean settlement. Natalia Evgen'evna was the author of monograph, publicistic books and papers devoted to the many countries of the world, including the United States, France, Italy, China. She put her exceptional talent to the study of these topics. The works of Bazhanova characterized by internal logic, depth and light, have “transparent” style of presentation.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):196-215
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Our authors
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Abstract
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):216-218
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Editorial
- -.
Abstract
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(3):219-226
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