No 4 (2014)

Articles
Economic time as a regulator mechanism of self-organization economic system
Zhelayeva S.E.
Abstract
In this article as an object of study is considered the economic system and the mechanism of self-organization. Subject of research-economic times in the mechanism of self-organization of the economic system. The essence of our proposed scientific hypothesis is that economic times because of its heterogeneous structure is the basis of socio-economic fluctuations, providing a mechanism for self-organization of the economic system. Based on the theory of general market equilibrium Walrasian proved the mechanism of socially necessary total time that interacts production and consumption, supply and demand, is the source of cyclical fluctuations in the market, providing a self-organization of the economic system as a whole.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):5-17
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Social reforms of the public sector in Russia: a course for commercialization
Ponomarenko E.V.
Abstract
Developing the theme of modern public sector reforms in Russia (reform of natural monopolies, local government reforms and budget reforms), the author [1] gives an estimation of the results of social reforms in health and education of recent decades. The article summarizes the causes of excessive market orientation of social reforms, as well as highlights the reasons of existing market “distortion” (which is connected, according the author, with the lack of knowledge of modern economic theory). The ways to overcome the problems are identified in both theory and practice, including the resource base of social reform of public sector in Russia.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):18-26
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Aircraft industry in Russia: national interests’ balance and integration into global supply chains
Lopatkin R.V.
Abstract
Problems of modern aircraft production take on a new character in a constantly changing geopolitical situation. The Aircraft industry as a catalyst for the development of national high-tech production requires special attention as a source of potential new quality of economic growth for the Russian economy. The article examines the options for rules change of competition, technology transfer and conditions of participation in production/supply chains in the framework of global aerospace industry, which could potentially raise the issue of the impossibility of functioning of the Russian civil aviation within already established production systems.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):27-37
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External debts’ stability of the Russian economy (1991-2014)
Fedyakina L.N.
Abstract
The article deals with the question of Russian external debt payments in 1991-2014 years. In 1990’s the Russian Federation had a lot of economic problems and financial difficulties with the debts’ payments because of the budget deficit, lack of foreign currency reserves, the debts of the USSR to be paid. In the 2000’s the situation has become better thanks to the positive economic growth and the high oil prices, and the Russia fulfilled its debts’ obligations in time. The world crisis (2008-2009) and the West countries’ economic sanctions had made less the debts’ stability of the Russian economy.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):38-46
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Russia in the world flows of foreign direct investment
Volgina N.A.
Abstract
This article deals the recent trends in global foreign direct investment (FDI), the role and place of Russia in this process. The author indicates the following modern trends in global FDI: the increasing role of developing countries as well as transitive countries (including Russia) in FDI flows; the growing role of regional groupings and state-owned TNCs in global FDI. The article stresses the long-term trend of steady increase of services share in the world FDI at the expense of decreasing share of manufacturing and extracting industries. The author came to the conclusion that during last decade the role of Russia in the world market of FDI increased substantially. Nevertheless, if to take into account the process of offshorization of Russian FDI flows, the “real” role of Russia in world FDI will be much less, than the “pure” statistics says. The article concludes, that future FDI flows to and from Russia will be under uncertainties due to geopolitical factors, particularly, regional Russian-Ukrainian conflict as well as mutual sanctions between Russia and western countries.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):47-61
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European investments in Russian electroenergetics - away to the industry modernization?
Kornyukhova A.V.
Abstract
The article deals with Russia and EU’s collaboration in electroenergetics. The short overview of actual problems and tendencies of European and Russian energy market development is provided. Russian electroenergy companies’ activities analysis of technical and financial indicators is held: of companies with foreign participation - OAO E.ON Russia, OAO Enel OGK 5, OAO Fortum, and Russian company - OAO OGK-2. Strong and weak sides of the companies are identified, as well as threats and possibilities for their further development. Collaboration of Russia and EU’s outcomes are summed in the frames of Energodialog in 2013.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):62-71
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On the state entrepreneurship in the Russian health care
Stolyarova E.I.
Abstract
This article discusses the problems of state-owned enterprises on the market of medical services related to the low efficiency of public enterprise sector organizations. The main purpose of this issue is to identify the ways to improve efficiency of the state entrepreneurship in the health sector with the definition of the features of its analysis. The author defines the goals and objectives of public health facilities in quality medical services in Russia.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):72-81
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Increasing of the efficiency of public spending in developed countries: lessons for Russia
Nalbandyan A.A.
Abstract
In this article, the object of research is the efficiency of public spending. The author substantiates the necessity of raising the efficiency of public spending at the present stage of development of the world economy, leads the dynamics of the share of public expenditure in GDP of developed and developing countries. The author also analyzes modern methods and approaches, by which to increase the efficiency of public spending, applied in the developed countries. As a result of study of foreign experience author comes to the conclusion that the most optimal way is chosen in Russia: strategic planning and application of instrument of program budgeting. Therefore now budgets of all levels are complexes of the different concrete programs realizing strategic state aims.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):82-92
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Corporate social responsibility: measuring problems
Nekhoda E.V.
Abstract
In the article the questions of corporate social responsibility are examined from positions of her estimation and measuring. On the basis of analysis of evolution of modern model of the «social state» new methodological hikes are offered to the estimation of economic and social through continuous prosperity of man and societies (wellbeing). Approaches over are brought to measuring of corporate social responsibility through quality of life and continuous prosperity of man in organization. Indexes over of estimation of satisfaction are brought by labour and complex estimation of quality of labour life.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):93-103
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On the role of corporate social responsibility at the regional level (on the materials of the Republic of Kalmykia)
Mantaeva E.I., Goldenova V.S.
Abstract
The paper analyzes the regional experience of interaction between government and business in the implementation of social responsibility, allocated areas to stimulate social responsibility with regard to their adaptation to Russian conditions. Revealed the absence of a developed system of social responsibility of business in the territory of the Republic of Kalmykia on the basis of a survey of heads of small and medium-sized businesses, as well as all groups of stakeholders. Offers ways of improving cooperation between the state and business in the implementation of social responsibility at the regional level, such as the introduction of non-financial reporting, tax incentives, the development of regional and local legislation relating to corporate social responsibility.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):104-112
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Modern trends in the Russian mortgage-backed securities market
Davtyan M.A., Dankevich E.L.
Abstract
The article analyzes the key performance indicators of the mortgage securitization market in Russia. The paper defines the types of mortgage-backed securities, as well as the characteristics of its issue and circulation. It is examined the dynamics and structure of mortgage securitization transactions. It is formulated the role of the state in the process of establishing and development of the mortgage securitization market. It gives a detailed analysis of the regulatory changes in the field of mortgage securitization. It explores the role of major banks and determines its impact on the mortgage securitization market. The article touches upon the basic weaknesses of the mortgage securitization in Russia, as well as proposes additional measures to boost the development of mortgage securitization.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):113-123
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The aspects of using rating in bank sphere: Russian and European experience
Tyuleneva N.A., Nikolaeva A.A.
Abstract
This work provides a comparative analysis of creating internal credit risk rating system for Russia and Europe bank sectors. It is established that in comparison to European techniques the features of Russian bank methods to rate credit risk have: firstly, low integration, secondly, inflexibility. It doesn’t allow to include important characteristics from clients’ business at full. The importance of creating standards base, regulating the creation principles of such systems is justified. The main problems of Russian banks transition to credit risk rating are revealed with the Basel committee recommendations: the imperfection methodological support, the lack of sufficient statistical base, costly character of the implementation of valuation models.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):124-134
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Integration processes in the CIS system of higher professional education
Bagirova I.H.
Abstract
The main directions and trends in the development of integration processes in the higher education system in the Commonwealth of Independent States. The paper identifies the main problems of socio-economic and socio-cultural adaptation of students from the Commonwealth of Independent States in Russia, as well as problems of universities, which arise in connection with the training of foreign students and require priority solutions. Considered strategy of labor behavior of college graduates in terms of integration processes in the field of higher education, and provides recommendations for improving policies promote Russian education and training to attract migrants from Commonwealth of Independent States countries in Russia.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):135-144
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Integration processes in the “education - science - industry” system based on networking and their impact on the development of the region
Makoveeva V.V.
Abstract
The level of innovation activity and innovation capacity, elaboration of interaction mechanisms for the subjects of the regional innovation system make a significant impact on the development of the region. This article investigates the development of integration processes in the “Education - Science - Industry” system based on networking. Advantages of forming networks and their special features for the research university as a network metacenter are described. The view of the “Education - Science - Industry” system is connected with models of networking, principles and forms of their operation, approaches to the organization and development of networks.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):145-158
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Efficiency and competitiveness: the interconnection and interdependence
Dolgova A.V., Dolgova M.V.
Abstract
The purpose of the disclosure of the nature and role of economic efficiency and competitiveness in the process of analyzing activity in the manufacturing industry in this article identified the approaches to the specification of a data entity economic categories. In this regard, work on the basis of the review retrospective analysis of theoretical research existing definitions in this direction; it is revealed that in the modern economic literature single point of view chosen by the majority of scholars, the definition of these concepts at the present stage yet. The authors found that competitiveness as an integrated indicator of economic efficiency implies more complex relationships between economic entities in comparison with the efficiency, which in this context acts as an indicator of a degree of efficiency of use of available enterprises limited resources.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):159-168
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Our Authors
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):169-170
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For the authors of “Bulletin of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia. Series “Economics””
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2014;(4):171-174
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