Project of environmental monitoring of the Campus of People friendship University of Russia

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Abstract


The main tasks and the content of the environmental monitoring of the RUDN-University campus is justified. Theuniversitypresents the results of its activity in the annual international ranking - Green Metric World University Ranking. RUDN-University started successful in 2015 and since 2017 is a national coordinator of this program in Russia. The campus is situated in the intensive transport pressure zone, therefore the environmental monitoring program takes this specific into account. Information on the team performing the project and the availability and instrumentation necessary for its implementation is given. The monitoring network covers various functional zones of the campus, as well as the adjoining forest park zone selected as the background. As a result of the processing of data sets on the characteristics of the campus environment, anthropogenic load levels for functional campus zones were calculated.In the future, as information accumulates, the boundaries of functional zones and technogenic loads will be adjusted (as well as monitoring content). Calculations of emissions of various types of vehicles on one of the main roads, as well as measurements of the radiation situation, noise levels, typical pollutants of automobile emissions into the atmosphere in different periods of the year were carried out.A geochemical survey of the snow cover has been performed to assess the accumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Maps of atmospheric pollution and snow cover have been constructed, the values of exceeding the normative characteristics have been estimated, a survey of the state of vegetation at the beginning and end of the growing season has been carried out. The obtained data indicate a relatively favorable environmental situation on the campus and the need for further monitoring using more accurate analytical methods for analyzing natural environments, and developing models to predict changes in the components of the campus ecosystem.Such models will allow to reveal the trend of the behavior of pollution on the basis of their bioindication (landscapedestructive changes) under the conditions of specific impacts of oil products burned and other types of urban pollution. It is planned to carry out an inventory and certification of the green plantations of the campus, followed by an object-oriented assessment of vegetation, soil conditions under conditions of varying atmospheric pollution flows and emissions of road transport. As an instrument suggested to create the information and analytical system of monitoring.


About the authors

Alexander Petrovich Khaustov

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: khaustov_ap@rudn.university
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198

Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Department of Applied Ecology of the Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education “Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia”, Honored Worker of the Higher School of the Russian Federation

Margarita Michaylovna Redina

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Email: redina_mm@rudn.university
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198

Doctor of Economics Sciences, Associate Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Ecology, Head of the Department of Applied Ecology of the Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education “Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia”

Anna Mikhailovna Aleynikova

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Email: aleinikova_am@rudn.university
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198

Candidate of Geographycal Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Geoecology of the Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education “Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia”

Roman Khasanovich Mamadzhanov

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Email: mamadzhanov_rkh@rudn.university
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198

Candidate of Biol. Sciences, senior lecturer of the Department of Applied Ecology of the Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education “Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia”.

Polina Yurievna Silaeva

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Email: silaevapolina@gmail.com
Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198

assistant of the Department of Applied Ecology, Federal Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education “Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia”.

References

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  2. Semme T. «Green» University — it is easy. Available at: http://journal.spbu.ru/?p=9952 (date of access: 11.10.2017).
  3. Silaeva P.Yu., Khaustov A.P., Aleinikova A.M., Mamajanov R.Kh., Boeva D.V. Preliminary evaluation of motor vehicles. scientific. Works of the XVIII All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference «Actua Problems of Ecology and Nature Management» November 23-24, 2017. M.: RUDN Publ. P. 211—218.
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  5. Khaustov A.P., Redina M.M. Environmental monitoring: a textbook for environmental baccalaureate. Moscow: Urait Publishing House, 2014. P. 637.
  6. Khaustov A.P., Redina M.M., Aleinikova A.M., Mamadzhanov R.K. Assessment of ecological functions of the green zone of socially significant objects on the example of the PFUR campus / Green Infrastructure of the Urban Environment: Current State and Development Prospects: Textbook of the International Scientific and practical Conference. Moscow «Scientific Publishing Center «Aktual’nost’.RF», 2017. Pp. 88—90.
  7. Khaustov A.P., Redina M.M., Aleinikova A.M., Mamadzhanov R.K. Technosphere safety of socially significant territories: ecological monitoring of the PFUR campus. Vth International scientific and practical conference «Environmental geology: theory, practice and regional problems» (September 13-15, 2011). Voronezh—Sevastopol: Science Book Publishing House, 2017. P. 314—316.
  8. Yakubov Kh.G. Ecological monitoring of green plantations in Moscow. M.: Stagirite-N, 2005. 264 p.
  9. Khaustov A.P., Redina M.M., Aleinikova A.M., Mamadzhanov R.K. Green campus of the green university: The RUDN-university experience / 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978619-7408-11-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June — 5 July, 2017. Vol. 17. Issue 54. 65—72 pp.
  10. Redina M., Khaustov A. Sustainability of the University Environmental Responsibility of the Students: Experience of the RUDN-University. Available at: http://iwgm.ui.ac.id/wp-content/ uploads/11/2017/05/Abstract-RUDN-University-Sustainability-of-the-UniversityEnvironmental-Responsibility-of-the-Students-Experience-of-the-RUDN-University.pdf (date of access: July 9, 2017).
  11. UI GreenMetric World University Ranking Background of the ranking. Available at: http:// greenmetric.ui.ac.id/what-is-greenmetric/ (date of access: 10.11.2017).

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Copyright (c) 2017 Khaustov A.P., Redina M.M., Aleynikova A.M., Mamadzhanov R.K., Silaeva P.Y.

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