Cover Page

Cite item


The author reveals the basic provisions of the ideology of the “Third Position” in the Indonesian political leadership model. By the end of the 50’s Sukarno completed the formation of the doctrine of the “Third Position “. Analyzing the current political model, Sukarno appealed to the identity, rejecting capitalism that generates colonialism and fascism. He rejected, first of all, the very psychological foundation of liberal capitalism - individualism, the guiding to the competition and struggle, and therefore unacceptable to Indonesia concept of “Third Position”. Sukarno meant building a socio-economic model of traditional, patriarchal and egalitarian society based on the principle of community solidarity and mutual assistance. The main element of the social model, according to Sukarno thought, was the family as the center of solidarity, led by the patriarch, the head of the family. The principle of family has been moved Sukarno all Indonesian society. Sukarno himself became father of the nation, to decide for all, in the name of all. The thesis of this period “The main thing in our democracy is a governance ‘’

About the authors

S Anatol'evich Voronin

Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

Author for correspondence.
Miklukho-Maklay St., 10-2, Moscow, Russia, 117198


  1. Sukarno. An Autobiography as Told to Cindy Adams . N.Y., 1965.
  2. Hilsman R. To move a nation. N.Y., 1967.
  3. Williams M. Five Journeys from Jacarta, Inside Sukarno’s Indonesia. N.Y., 1965.
  4. Drugov A.Ju., Tjurin V.A. Istorija Indonezii. XX vek. M., 2005.
  5. World Today. L., April, 1965.
  6. Drugov A.Ju. Indonezija. Politicheskaja kul’tura i politicheskij rezhim [Indonesia: Political culture and political regime]. M., 1997.
  7. Adams C. Sukarno. My friend. Singapore, 1980.
  8. Penders C. The life & times of Sukarno. L., 1974.
  9. Kapica M.S., Maletin N.P. Sukarno: politicheskaja biografija [Sukarno: Political Biography]. M.: Mysl’, 1980.
  10. Business news. Djakarta, 12.07.1963.
  11. “Harian rakjat”. 20. 04.1965.
  12. Berdiri diatas kakisendiri. April, 1965. P.10.
  13. Antara. 21.01.1965.
  14. Sukarno. Indonezija obvinjaet [Indonesia blames. Collection of articles and speeches]. M., 1961.
  15. Harian Rakjat. 29.01.1965.
  16. Maletin N.P. Vneshnjaja politika Indonezii [Indonesia’s foreign policy]. M, 1973.
  17. Crouch H. The army & politics in Indonesia. L., 1978.
  18. Jur’ev A.Ju. Indonezija posle sobytij 1965 goda [Indonesia after the events of 1965]. M, 1973.
  19. Sholmov Ju.A. Sukarno i Sovetskij Sojuz. Sukarno: politik i lichnost’ [Sukarno: a politician and personality]. M., 2001.

Copyright (c) 2017 Voronin S.A.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies