Cognitive investigations in Kantian perspective: towards new synthesis

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This is a review of the book “Mozg - kultura - socium. Kantianskaya programma v cognitivnykh issledovaniyakh” by Bazhanov V.A. The author`s main aim is a reconsideration of some fundamental principles of epistemology and philosophy of science in the light of state-of-the-art advancements of neurosciences. According to the author of the book, social and cultural revolution in neurosciences has been crucially modifying the initial Kantian program of consciousness research and the modes of linguistic representation of its results. In particular, in epistemology the universal concept of transcendental subject has been altered with regard to neurobiological and social data, which concern some preconditions of cognitive activity. In philosophy of science such a shift of research perspective allows to implement a naturalistic interpretation of natural sciences, clarifies the problem of empirical foundations of mathematics and sheds a new light on the problem of apriori elements of mathematical thought. The analysis of evolutionary and neurobiological preconditions of logical thought leads to the sort of revival of psychologism program in logic, which enables author to put forward an original interpretation of the problem of plurality of logical systems. Finally, some topics of social sciences as well as problems of genesis of art, ethical and religious systems, can acquire new interpretation with respect to modern investigations in cognitive science.

About the authors

Nikolay L. Arkhiereev

Bauman Moscow State Technical University

Author for correspondence.

DSc in Philosophy, Professor

2, Baumanskaya Str., Moscow, 105005, Russian Federation

Marina L. Ivleva

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)


DSc in Philosophy, Professor, Head of the Department of Social Philosophy

6, Miklukho-Maklaya Str., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

. Baldo Dagtcmaa

National University of Mongolia (NUM)


DSc in Philosophy, Professor, Head of the Department of Philosophy and religion study

Ikh Surguuliin Gudamj-1 -46a/523, Ulaanbaatar, 14201, Mongolia


  1. Bazhanov VA. Mozg — kultura — socium. Kantianskaya programma v cognitivnykh issledovaniyakh [Brain — culture — socium. Kantian program in cognitive investigations]. Moscow: Canon — plus; 2019. 288 р. (In Russian)

Copyright (c) 2020 Arkhiereev N.L., Ivleva M.L., Baldo D.

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