Groundlessness of L. Shestov as the Way of Going Beyond the Mind

Cover Page

Cite item


The article is devoted to identifying the specifics of Russian philosophy through the analysis of F. M. Dostoevsky and L.N. Shestov’s texts. The stylistic features of the two philosophers have been considered, their ways of philosophizing and denying of the cult of reason have been examined. The analysis is carried out using additional literature of French existentialism (were used such philosophers who wrote in similar styles as philosophical essays). To date, there are many researches in which study features of Russian philosophy. It is noted, that one of them are imagery, inseparable connection between philosophy and faith and criticism of rationalism. The excessive cult of reason leads to such problems in the history as the creation of the hydrogen bomb, the environmental crisis and so on. The revolt against reason and the state of groundlessness are a response to the processes of modern rationalization and technocratization, an attempt to go beyond the limits of the usual paradigm, to get out of the closed subjectivity. Thus, it’s necessary to define the limits of the reason and develop a new way of philosophizing, for this reason it is proposed to consider the concept of groundlessness in the philosophy of L.N. Shestov, which makes the attempt to construct a philosophy, avoiding strict logic and excessive rationality.

About the authors

Daria V. Goldberg

Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Postgraduate, Department of Ethics 6, Miklukho-Maklaya Str., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation


  1. Dostoevsky FM. Crime and Punishment. Moscow: AST; 2013. 540 p. (In Russian).
  2. Bakhtin M. Problems of Dostoevsky's Poetics. St Petersburg: ABC; 2015. 416 p. (In Russian).
  3. Nizhnikov SA, Grebeshev IV. History of Russian philosophy. Moscow: RUDN; 2016. 626 p. (In Russian).
  4. Pavlenko AN. Lectures about Dostoevsky. St Petersburg: Aletejja; 2016. 272 p. (In Russian).
  5. Camus A. The Stranger. Moscow: AST; 2016. 384 p. (In Russian).
  6. Pavlenko AN. The principle of observability, the stage of empirical weightlessness of theory and constructive empiricism. RUDN Journal of Philosophy. 2011;(3):8-20. (In Russian).
  7. Berdyaev NA. Dostoevsky: An Interpretation. Praga: YMCA-PRESS; 1923. 238 p. (In Russian).
  8. Dolinin AS. In creative laboratory of Dostoevsky. Moscow: Sovetskiy pisatel; 1947. 178 p. (In Russian).
  9. Dostoevsky FM. Notes from Underground. Moscow: AST, 2016. 352 p. (In Russian).
  10. Kudryavtseva YG. Rebellion or religion. About the world outlook of Dostoevsky. Moscow: MSU, 1969. 170 p. (In Russian).
  11. Sartre JP. Man under siege. Moscow: Vagrius; 2006. 320 p. (In Russian).
  12. Heidegger M. Being and Time. Kharkov: Folio; 2003. 503 p. (In Russian).
  13. Shestov LN. Apotheosis of Groundlessness. Moscow: RIPOL; 2018. 312 p. (In Russian).
  14. Shestov LN. Dostoevsky and Nietzsche. Moscow: АST; 2007. 224 p. (In Russian).
  15. Shestov LN. Selected works. Moscow: Renessans; 1993. 510 p. (In Russian).

Copyright (c) 2020 Goldberg D.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies